Manyu: 16 definitions


Manyu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Manyu (मन्यु)—One of the eleven other names of Rudra, according to the Bhāgavata Purāṇa 3.12.12.

2) Manyu (मन्यु):—Son of Vitatha (another name for Bharadvāja, illicit son of Bṛhaspati and Manmatā). He had five sons named Ṛhatkṣatra, Jaya, Mahāvīrya, Nara and Garga. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.1)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Manyu (मन्यु).—A Vedic god. The origin of this god is described in Brahma Purāna as follows:—

Once a terrible war broke out between Devas and Asuras. The Devas who were defeated, went to the Gautamī river valley and performed penance to Śiva praying for victory. Śiva produced Manyu from his third eye and presented him to the Devas. In the battle which followed they defeated the Asuras with the help of Manyu.

2) Manyu (मन्यु).—A king of the Pūru dynasty. Bhāgavata, 9th Skandha states that Manyu, the son of Bharadvāja, had five sons including Bṛhatkṣaya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Manyu (मन्यु).—A name of a Rudra.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 12.

1b) The son of Vitatha (Bharadvāja); father of Bṛhadkṣatra and four other sons.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 21. 1; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 20, 21.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Manyu (मन्यु, “anger”) refers to one of the four causes of “jealousy” (īrṣya), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24.

Accordingly, “anger (manyu) arises in a woman when the beloved one comes to her from the place of a rival woman, and carries the signs of his union with her and boasts about his good luck in this matter. Anger should be represented by turning round the Valayas (bangles) and throwing up the Rasanā in a loose manner and by apprehensive and tearful eyes”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas

Manyu (मन्यु) or Krodhana refers to the fifty-ninth saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—If there is birth in the ‘samvatsara’ named ‘manyu’ the native puts obstacles in the work of others, is Tamoguni’ (dominated in temperament by the quality of Tamas’. ‘Satwa’, ‘Rajas’ and Tamas’ are the three cardinal elements in man’s nature), fierce or terrible and puts others in delusion (deceives others).

According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year manyu (2045-2046 AD) will be a rake addicted to evil ways, a hater of his relatives and devoted to brigandage.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Manyu (मन्यु) refers to “anger”, according to the Mahābhārata verse 14.19.1-2.—Accordingly: while describing the supreme knowledge of the eternal and unchanging state: “He who has become absorbed in one object, silently not thinking of anything, having abandoned [everything] prior [to this] is free from any undertaking. He is a friend to all, endures all, is indifferent [to all things], his senses controlled, his fear and anger (manyu) have ceased, his desire slain, [this] man is free”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Manyu (मन्यु).—[man-yuc Uṇādi-sūtra 3.2]

1) Anger, wrath, resentment, indignation, rage; बाहुप्रतिष्टम्भविवृद्धमन्युः (bāhupratiṣṭambhavivṛddhamanyuḥ) R.2.32, 49;11.46; नियमितमनोमन्युर्दृष्टा मया रुदती प्रिया (niyamitamanomanyurdṛṣṭā mayā rudatī priyā) Nāg.2.6.

2) Grief, sorrow, affliction, distress; निकृन्तन्मर्माणि क्रकच इव मन्युर्विरमति (nikṛntanmarmāṇi krakaca iva manyurviramati) Uttararāmacarita 4.3; Kirātārjunīya 1.35; यास्यन् सुतस्तप्स्यति मां सुमन्युम् (yāsyan sutastapsyati māṃ sumanyum) Bhaṭṭikāvya 1.23; also 3.49.

3) Wretched or miserable state, meanness.

4) A sacrifice; प्रसहेत रणे तवानुजान् द्विषतां कः शतमन्युतेजसः (prasaheta raṇe tavānujān dviṣatāṃ kaḥ śatamanyutejasaḥ) Kirātārjunīya 2.23.

5) Spirit, mettle, courage (as of horses).

6) Ardour, zeal.

7) Pride.

8) An epithet of Śiva.

9) Of Agni.

Derivable forms: manyuḥ (मन्युः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Manyu (मन्यु).—m.

(-nyuḥ) 1. Sorrow, grief. 2. Distress, indigence. 3. Anger, wrath. 4. A sacrifice. 5. Pride. E. man to know, Unadi aff. yuc .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Manyu (मन्यु).—[man + yu], m. 1. Anger, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 83, 11; fury, [Pañcatantra] 59, 16. 2. Sorrow, grief, Chr. 7, 21; [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 94, 14. 3. Distress. 4. A sacrifice.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Manyu (मन्यु).—[masculine] mood i.e. temper of mind, [especially] high spirit, ardour, zeal; passion, wrath, anger at ([locative] or [accusative], [with] prati), fury, rage (often personif.); distress, grief, sorrow; [ablative] manyutas [adverb]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Manyu (मन्यु):—[from man] a m. ([cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] also f.) spirit, mind, mood, mettle (as of horses), [Ṛg-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] high spirit or temper, ardour, zeal, passion, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] rage, fury, wrath, anger, indignation, [ib.] (also personified, [especially] as Agni or Kāma or as a Rudra; manyuṃkṛ, with [locative case] or [accusative] with prati, ‘to vent one’s anger on, be angry with’)

4) [v.s. ...] grief, sorrow, distress, affliction, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] sacrifice, [Nalacampū or damayantīkathā]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a king (son of Vitatha), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] (with tāpasa), Name of the author of [Ṛg-veda x, 83; 84]

8) [v.s. ...] (with vāsiṣṭha), Name of the author of [Ṛg-veda ix, 97, 10-12.]

9) b etc. See p. 786, col. 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Manyu (मन्यु):—(nyuḥ) 2. m. Sorrow, distress; anger; pride; a sacrifice; Shiva.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Manyu (मन्यु) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Mannu.

[Sanskrit to German]

Manyu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Manyu (ಮನ್ಯು):—

1) [noun] a strong feeling of displeasure and hostility aroused by a wrong; anger.

2) [noun] intense emotional suffering; acute sorrow; deep sadness.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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