Kandala, Kandaḷa, Kāṇḍāla: 12 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kandala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kandaḷa can be transliterated into English as Kandala or Kandalia, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Kandala (कन्दल) is another name for Śṛṅgavera, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Zingiber officinale (fresh ginger). It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 5.24-28), which is a 13th century medicinal thesaurus.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kandala.—(LP), controversy; beating (from Sanskrit kand, to strike). Note: kandala is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kandala in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kandaḷa, N. of esculent water lily, having an enormous bulb D. I, 264. (Page 186)

— or —

Kandala, N. of a plant with white flowers J. IV, 442.—makuḷa knob (?) of k. plant Vism. 253 (as in description of sinews). (Page 186)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kāndaḷa (कांदळ).—m n C A tree growing on the banks of creeks or in salt marshes. Ex. śēta buḍūna kāndaḷācē rūkha jhālē.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kandala (कन्दल).—1 A new shoot or sprout; मयालब्धः पाणिर्ललितलवलीकन्दलनिभः (mayālabdhaḥ pāṇirlalitalavalīkandalanibhaḥ) U.3.4.

2) Reproach, censure.

3) The cheek, or the cheek and temple.

4) A portent.

5) Sweet sound.

6) The plantain tree; कन्दलदलोल्लासाः पयोविन्दवः (kandaladalollāsāḥ payovindavaḥ) Amaru.48.

7) Collection; U.3.11.

-laḥ 1 Gold.

2) War, battle.

3) (Hence) War of words, controversy.

-lam A Kandala flower; विदलकन्दलकम्पन- लालितः (vidalakandalakampana- lālitaḥ) Śi.6.3; R.13.29.

Derivable forms: kandalaḥ (कन्दलः), kandalam (कन्दलम्).

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Kāṇḍāla (काण्डाल).—A reed-basket.

Derivable forms: kāṇḍālaḥ (काण्डालः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kandala (कन्दल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) 1. The cheek, or the cheek and temple. 2. A portent, a natural phœnomenon supposed to announce evil. 3. A new shoot or sprig. 4. A low minute tone. 5. Reproach, censure. m.

(-laḥ) 1. Gold. 2. War, battle. f. (-lī) 1. A species of deer of which the hide is used. 2. A sort of tree, the banana: see kadalī. 3. A flag. E. kanda a root, &c. and la from to take, fem. affix ṅīp.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kandala (कन्दल).— (perhaps kam, see the last, and dala), n. 1. The flower of the kandalī (q. cf.), [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 1, 43. 2. A new shoot.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kandala (कन्दल).—[neuter] the flower of the Kandali plant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kandala (कन्दल):—mfn. the cheek (or the cheek and temple), [Horace H. Wilson]

2) girth, girdle, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) a new shoot or sprig, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) a low soft tone, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) a portent (as an eclipse, supposed to forbode evil), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) reproach, censure, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) filled with ([compound]), [Nalacampū or damayantīkathā]

8) m. gold, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) war, battle, [Subhāṣitāvali]

10) n. the flower of the Kandalī tree, [Raghuvaṃśa; Bhartṛhari etc.]

11) Kāṇḍāla (काण्डाल):—[from kāṇḍa] m. a reed-basket (cf. kāṇḍola), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kandala (कन्दल):—[(laḥ-lā-laṃ)] 1. m. f. n. The cheek; a portent; a sprig; a low tone; censure. m. Gold; war. f. () deer; plantain tree; flag.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Kandala (कन्दल):—m. f. n. [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 5, 24.]

1) m. f. n. (nach [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] nur n.) a) Schädel (kapāla) [Medinīkoṣa l. 69.] [Dharaṇīkoṣa] [?(Manu’s Gesetzbuch) im Śabdakalpadruma] Statt kapāla hat [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 631] kalāpa und dieselbe Lesart für [Medinīkoṣa] hat der [Scholiast] zu [Amaruśataka 48.] — b) ein junger Schoss [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — c) ein sanfter Ton, kaladhvani [Medinīkoṣa] karadhvani(!) [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] — d) ein widerwärtiges Naturereigniss (uparāga) [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — e) Tadel (apavāda) [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] —

2) m. a) Gold. — b) Kampf [DHARAṆĪ im Śabdakalpadruma] —

3) f. kandalī a) eine Art Antilope [Amarakoṣa 2, 5, 9.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1294.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — b) eine best. Pflanze [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] Musa sapientum [Śabdakalpadruma] [Wilson’s Wörterbuch] = bhūmikandalī [Śabdārṇava] beim Sch. zu [Śiśupālavadha 6, 30.] Neben kadalī (Musa sapientum) [Suśruta 1, 145, 22.] āraktarājibhiriyaṃ kusumairnavakandalī salilagarbhaiḥ . kopādantarvāṣpe smarayati māṃ locane tasyāḥ .. [Vikramorvaśī 78.] kandalīnarīnṛtyamāna [Dhūrtasamāgama 67, 8.] kandalī neben nīpa [Meghadūta 21.] kandalīdala [Ṛtusaṃhāra 2, 5.] — c) Lotussamen (padmavīja) [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] — d) Fahne [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 8, 58.] —

4) n. die Blume der kandalī, = śilīndhrapuṣpa [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 4, 25.] = bhūmikandalyāḥ puṣpam [Scholiast] zu [Śiśupālavadha 6, 30.] vasudhā kandaladhavalā [Bhartṛhari 1, 43.] [Raghuvaṃśa 13, 29] [?(Scholiast] in der Calc. Ausg.: = kadalīpuṣpa, viell. Pilz). Scheint auch die Pflanze selbst zu bezeichnen: kandaladala [Amaruśataka 48] (Sch.: kandalaṃ vārṣikalatāviśeṣo navāṅkuro vā). — Vgl. kadala .

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Kāṇḍāla (काण्डाल):—m. = kāṇḍola [Amarakoṣa] [?(COLEBR.) 2, 9, 26.]

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Kandala (कन्दल):—

3) b) unmīlanti ca kandalyaḥ [kāvyādarśa 2, 117.] — e) Titel eines Werkes [HALL 69.] —

4) kandaladala [Amaruśataka 48] [?(Spr. 2121)] ist ein Blüthenblatt der Kandalī. — Vgl. rakta, ratna, hema .

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Kandala (कन्दल):—

2) b) am Ende eines adj. comp. (f. ā) [Spr. (II) 6919]; zugleich in der Bed.

4) (erscheint in der Regenzeit).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Kandala (कन्दल):——

1) m. f. n. — a) *Schädel oder *Gürtel. — b) *ein junger Schoss. — c) *ein sanfter Ton. — d) *Verfinsterung , Finsterniss. — e) *Tadel.

2) m. — a) *Gold. — b) Kampf. Am Ende eines adj. Comp. f. ā. —

3) f. ī — a) *eine Art Antilope. — b) eine best. Pflanze mit weissen Blüthen (die beim Beginn der Regenzeit in grosser Mengen plötzlich erscheinen) [Bālarāmāyaṇa 147,13.] [Jayadeva's Prasannarāghava 32,7.150.21.] — c) *Lotussamen. — d) *Fahne. — e) Titel eines Werkes. —

4) n. die Blüthe der Kandalī. Am Ende eines adj. Comp. f. ā.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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