Kancidama, Kanci-dama, Kāñcidāma, Kāñcīdāma: 3 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kancidama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Kanchidama.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Scribd: Shri Syamananda-sataka

Kāñcidāma (काञ्चिदाम) refers to a “belt” (decoration) according to the Śrī Śyāmānanda-śataka verse 8.73.—Accordingly, “[...] Lord Kṛṣṇa, the line of hairs on whose torso is like a line of black bees on a tamāla tree, Lord Kṛṣṇa whose belly is graceful with three folds of skin, Lord Kṛṣṇa whose navel lake is home for the śapharī fish of the Gopīs’ eyes, Lord Kṛṣṇa whose graceful hips are decorated with a tinkling jewel belt (i.e., niṣkūjan-maṇi-kāñcidāma)”.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[«previous next»] — Kancidama in Chandas glossary
Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)

Kāñcīdāma (काञ्चीदाम) is the name of metre similair to Āyāmaka which, both classified as Dvipadi (metres with two lines in a stanza) discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Āyāmaka has 33 mātrās in each of their two lines, made up by 7 caturmātras and 1 pañcamātra at the end. The yati in this is not mentioned and this means that it is the usual one coming after the 8th mātrā, the initial beat of the tāla being on the 1st mātrā.—When on the other hand, the initial beat is shifted from the first to the 3rd, 5th and 7th mātrās, and consequently the initial yati is shifted from the 8th to the 10th, 12th and the 14th mātrās, the same Āyāmaka is called respectively, Kāñcīdāma, Raśanādāma and Cuḍāmaṇi. The preposition ‘upa’ is prefixed to the names of these four metres, if their lines are formed with 1 ṣaṇmātra, 6 caturmātras, and 1 trimātra, instead of the usual 7 caturmātras and 1 pañcamātra.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Kancidama in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Kāñcidāma (काञ्चिदाम) is the name of a Vidyādhara-city, situated on mount Vaitāḍhya (in the southern row), according to chapter 1.3 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly,

“[...] Taking their families and all their retinue and ascending the best of cars, they went to Vaitāḍhya. [...] Ten yojanas above the earth, King Nami made fifty cities on the mountain in a southern row [viz., Kāñcidāma]. Nami himself lived in Śrīrathanūpuracakravāla, the capital city among these cities. [...] The two rows of Vidyādhara-cities looked very magnificent, as if the Vyantara rows above were reflected below. After making many villages [viz., Kāñcidāma] and suburbs, they established communities according to the suitability of place. The communities there were called by the same name as the community from which the men had been brought and put there. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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