Kamboja, aka: Kāmboja, Kambojā; 10 Definition(s)
Kamboja means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Kāmboja (काम्बोज) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—It situated in Afghanistan or at least its northern part. In the Raghuvaṃśa, Kālidāsa (IV. 68-69) described this part is situated between the river Oxus and the Himālayas. The Kāvyamīmāṃsā of Rājaśekhara mentions this region among the countries in the Uttarapatha.(Source): Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
Kāvya (काव्य) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahākāvya, or ‘epic poetry’ and nāṭya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Kamboja (कम्बोज).—(c) Its king was vanquished by Kṛṣṇa.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 7. 35.
The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Itihāsa (narrative history)
Kāmboja (काम्बोज) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.177.15) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kāmboja) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihāsa (इतिहास) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Purāṇas, 2) the Mahābhārata and 3) the Rāmāyaṇa. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smṛti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to śruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
Śāktism (Śākta philosophy)
Kāmboja (काम्बोज) or Kāmbojatantra refers to one of the twenty-eight Gāruḍatantras, belonging to the Śāktāgama (or Śāktatantra) division of the Āgama tradition. The Śāktāgamas represent the wisdom imparted by Devī to Īśvara and convey the idea that the worship of Śakti is the means to attain liberation. According to the Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasamuccaya of Vairocana, the Śāktatantras are divided into to four parts, the Kāmboja belonging to the Garuḍa class.(Source): Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shaktism)
Śākta (शाक्त, shakta) or Śāktism (shaktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devī) is revered and worshipped. Śākta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Kamboja (कम्बोज) refers to enemies of the Kauravas whom Karna had defeated(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
One of the sixteen Mahajanapadas which, with Gandhara, belonged, not to the Majjhimadesa but, evidently, to the Uttarapatha (A.i.213; iv.252, 256, 260). It is often mentioned as the famous birthplace of horses (assanam ayatanam) (E.g., DA.i.124; AA.i.399; Vsm.332; also J.iv.464). In the Kunala Jataka (J.v.445) we are told that the Kambojas caught their horses by means of moss (jalajata), and the scholiast (J.v.446) explains at length how this was done. They sprinkled the moss with honey and left it in the horses drinking place; from there, by means of honey sprinkled on the grass, the horses were led to an enclosure.
In the Assalayana Sutta (M.ii.149) it is stated that in Yona and in Kamboja, and also in the neighbouring countries, there were, in the Buddhas time, only two classes of people, masters and slaves, and that a master could become a slave or vice versa. The Commentary (MA.ii.784) explains that a brahmin would go there with his wife for purposes of trade and would die there. His wife would then be compelled to work for her living and her children would become slaves.
The Jatakas (E.g., J.vi.208, 210; see also Manu.x.44) would lead us to believe that the people of Kamboja had lost their original customs and had become barbarous. Elsewhere Kamboja is mentioned as a place not visited by women of other countries. A.ii.82; on the reading of this passage, however, see GS.ii.92, n.2. The Commentary (AA.ii.523) distinctly supports the reading Kamboja.
The country was evidently on one of the great caravan routes, and there was a road direct from Dvaraka to Kamboja (Pv.p.23).
According to Asokas Rock Edict, No. XIII. (Shabhazgarhi Text), Kamboja was among the countries visited by Asokas missionaries. The country referred to is probably on the banks of the Kabul river (Mookerji: Asoka, 168, n.1).
In later literature (E.g., Cv.lxxvi.21, 55) Kamboja is the name given to Western Siam.(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
kamboja : (m.) name of a country.(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Kambojā, (f.) N of a country J. V, 446 (°ka raṭṭha); Pv. II, 91 (etc.); Vism. 332, 334, 336. (Page 189)(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Languages of India and abroad
1) A shell.
2) A kind of elephant.
3) (pl) Name of a country and its inhabitants; शवतिर्गतिकर्मा कम्बोजेष्वेव भाष्यते (śavatirgatikarmā kambojeṣveva bhāṣyate) Mbh. on P.I.1.1. कम्बोजाः समरे सोढुं तस्य वीर्यमनीश्वराः (kambojāḥ samare soḍhuṃ tasya vīryamanīśvarāḥ) R.4.69. v.1.
Derivable forms: kambojaḥ (कम्बोजः).
--- OR ---
1) A native of the Kambojas; Ms.1.44.
2) A king of the Kambojas.
3) The Punnāga tree.
4) A species of horse from the Kamboja country. शतं वै यस्तु काम्बोजान्ब्राह्मणेभ्यः प्रयच्छति (śataṃ vai yastu kāmbojānbrāhmaṇebhyaḥ prayacchati) Mb.12. 35.14.
5) A conch.
6) A kind of plant (somavalka); काम्बोजो हस्तिभेदे च शङ्खदेशविशेषयोः । अश्वे पुंनागवृक्षे च सोमवल्के तदिष्यते (kāmbojo hastibhede ca śaṅkhadeśaviśeṣayoḥ | aśve puṃnāgavṛkṣe ca somavalke tadiṣyate) || Nm.
Derivable forms: kāmbojaḥ (काम्बोजः).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 18 books and stories containing Kamboja, Kāmboja or Kambojā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
List of Mahabharata tribes (by Laxman Burdak)
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 5: Expedition of conquest < [Chapter I - Brahmadattacaritra]
Part 13: Rāma’s aid to Janaka < [Chapter IV - The, birth, marriage, and retreat to the forest of Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa]
Part 4: War between Kṛṣṇa and Jarāsandha < [Chapter VII - Marriages of Śāmba and Pradyumna]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
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