Sudakshina, aka: Sudakṣiṇa, Su-dakshina, Sudakṣiṇā; 6 Definition(s)


Sudakshina means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Sudakṣiṇa and Sudakṣiṇā can be transliterated into English as Sudaksina or Sudakshina, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Itihasa (narrative history)

[Sudakshina in Itihasa glossaries]

Sudakṣiṇa (सुदक्षिण) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.177.15) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sudakṣiṇa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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[Sudakshina in Purana glossaries]

Sudakṣiṇa (सुदक्षिण).—The son of Pauṇḍraka: King of Kāmbhojas: attacked with Jarāsandha the western gate of Mathurā, and the eastern gate of Gomanta, performed funeral rites to his father. In order to take vengence on Kṛṣṇa, he worshipped Śiva who directed him to pray to Dakṣiṇāgni out of which would spring up an abhicāra fire which would kill Kṛṣṇa. He did so but the Agni was not able to meet Kṛṣṇa's cakra and returned only to kill Sudakṣiṇa himself.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 66. 27-40; 50 11[5]; 52. 11 [7].
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Sudakshina in Hinduism glossaries]

Sudakshina (सुदक्षिण): A warrior on the Kaurava side.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

Sudakṣiṇa (सुदक्षिण).—A King of Kāmbhoja. He brought an akṣauhiṇī division of troops for Duryodhana. He was killed by Arjuna during Kurukṣetra war. (Droṇa Parva in Mahābhārata)

(Source): ISKCON Press: Glossary

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Sudakshina in Sanskrit glossaries]

Sudakṣiṇa (सुदक्षिण).—a.

1) very sincere or upright.

2) liberal or rich in sacrificial gifts; यज्ञैर्भूरिसुदक्षिणैः सुविहितैः संप्राप्यते यत् फलम् (yajñairbhūrisudakṣiṇaiḥ suvihitaiḥ saṃprāpyate yat phalam) Pt.1. 31.

3) very skilful.

4) very polite.

-ṇā Name of the wife of Dilīpa; तस्य दाक्षिण्यरूढेन नाम्ना मगधवंशजा पत्नी सुदक्षिणेत्यासीत् (tasya dākṣiṇyarūḍhena nāmnā magadhavaṃśajā patnī sudakṣiṇetyāsīt) R.1.31;3.1.

Sudakṣiṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and dakṣiṇa (दक्षिण).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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