Rishika, aka: Ṛṣika, Ṛṣikā, Ṛṣīka; 7 Definition(s)
Rishika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Ṛṣika and Ṛṣikā and Ṛṣīka can be transliterated into English as Rsika or Rishika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Itihasa (narrative history)
Ṛṣika (ऋषिक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.30) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Ṛṣika) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
Ṛṣikā (ऋषिका).—Name of a river originating from Śuktimān, a holy mountain (kulaparvata) in Bhārata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. There are settlements (janapada) where Āryas and Mlecchas dwell who drink water from these rivers.
Bhārata is a region south of Hemādri, once ruled over by Bharata (son of Ṛṣabha), whose ancestral lineage can be traced back to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.
The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa
1) Ṛṣika (ऋषिक).—A Rājarṣi. Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Verses 32 and 33 state that he was the rebirth of Arka, the Asura leader.
2) Ṛṣika (ऋषिक).—A town in North India. A terrible battle took place here between Arjuna and Ṛṣika, the Rājarṣi. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 27, Verse 25).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Ṛṣika (ऋषिक).—A kingdom watered by Hlādinī.*
- * ^1 Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 54; Matsya-purāṇa 121. 53.
- 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 91 & 103; 33. 27; Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 51.
- 2) Matsya-purāṇa 145. 86; Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 84-94.
2) Ṛṣikā (ऋषिका).—A river originating from the Śuktimatī.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 107.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Rshikas were an ancient tribe living in the northern division of ancient India. They find references in the Mahabharata, Ramayana, Brhat Samhita, Markendeya Purana etc. Ashtadhyayi of Pāṇini does not mention the Rishikas, but Mahabhasya of Patanjali does make reference to this people. Mahabharata refers to the Rishikas as Uttara Rishikas as well as Parama Rishikas.
Rishikas are stated to have been living as neighbors to the Parama-Kambojas and the Lohas in Transoxiana region, in Saka-dvipa. In 2nd century prior to Current era, a section of them is believed to have migrated to south-west India via Afghanistan, Balochistan, Sindhu, Sovira and settled in a region, later known as Khandesh (north-western Maharashtra). This settlement of the Rishikas is known as Southern Rishikas. The southern Rshikas are also attested as Saha.isikas, Saha.chaisika and Saha.vaisikyas in Puranic literature. The Prakrit form of Rishika is said to be Isika/Ishika, Esika/Eshika or Asika/Ashika (Dr Motichandra). The Prishakas of Al biruni, are stated to be same as the Rishikas. The Uttara Rishikas were the military allies as well as the cultural & geographical neighbors of the Parama Kambojas.Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Ṛṣika (ऋषिक) is the inferior or lower ṛṣi like the senior-most disciple of a ṛṣi. For example Maitreya was the ṛṣika of Maharṣi Parāśara. The learned senior female disciples are called ऋषिका (ṛṣikā). This word is sometimes used to refer to the spouse of a ṛṣika.Source: Mantra Śāstra: Hinduism
Languages of India and abroad
Ṛṣika (ऋषिक) or Ṛṣīka (ऋषीक).—
1) A Ṛiṣi of a lower degree.
2) Name of a country or its inhabitants (pl.).
Derivable forms: ṛṣikaḥ (ऋषिकः), ṛṣīkaḥ (ऋषीकः).
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Ṛṣikā (ऋषिका).—f. A female author composing the Ṛiks e. g. Viśvavārā, Romaśā &c.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 6 books and stories containing Rishika, Ṛṣika, Ṛṣikā or Ṛṣīka. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
The Mahabharata - First Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)
List of Mahabharata tribes (by Laxman Burdak)
The Markandeya Purana (by Frederick Eden Pargiter)