Candravarman, Candra-varman: 6 definitions

Introduction

Candravarman means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chandravarman.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (C) next»] — Candravarman in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Candravarman (चन्द्रवर्मन्).—A king of Kamboja. As handsome as Candra, he was born in the dynasty of the asura called Candra (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Verse 31). Dhṛṣṭadyumna killed him in the great war. (Mahābhārata Droṇa Parva, Chapter 32, Verse 62).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Candravarman (चन्द्रवर्मन्) is an example of a Śaivite name mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. Classification of personal names according to deities (eg., from Śaivism) were sometimes used by more than one person and somehow seem to have been popular. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (eg., Candravarman) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

Source: archive.org: Tribes in Ancient India

Candravarman (चन्द्रवर्मन्).—There is the well-known Komarti grant (fifth century A.D.) which introduces us to a Śrī Mahārāja named Candravarman who is described as Kaliṅgādhpati (lord of Kaliṅga). To his dynasty, probably, also belonged Umavarman and Viśākhavarman who were both evidently lords of Kaliṅga.

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Early Gupta Kings

Candravarman (चन्द्रवर्मन्).— Smith (JRAS, 1897, p. 876.) at first correctly proposed that he was the Mahārāja of that name who is mentioned in the rock inscription of Susuṇiā in the Bankura District of West Bengal. Candravarman is therein called “lord of Puṣkaraṇa”. He, however, gave up this view in the third edition of his Early History of India, and maintained with Haraprasad Sastri who edited the record that Puṣkaraṇa was the same as Pokaraṇā in Marwar and that Chandravarman was identical with the sovereign Chandra of the Mehrauli pillar inscription.

This view cannot commend itself to us, because the title borne by an overlord at this period is Mahārājādhirāja, whereas Chandravarman, like his father Siṃhavarman, is designated simply as Mahārāja. And what is strange is that Sastri maintains that Siṃhavarman was a mere chieftain and Chandravarman a supreme ruler, though both have been styled Mahārājas. It is thus more reasonable to say that this Chandravarman was a chief of Pokharaṇ in West Bengal and was identical with Chandravarman, contemporary of Samudragupta.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (C) next»] — Candravarman in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Candravarman (चन्द्रवर्मन्) or Cakravarman or Caṇḍavarman.—m. proper names, [Daśakumāracarita] i. Chr. 179, 3; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 2; Mahābhārata 1, 562; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 181; 287; [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 200, 23; Mahābhārata 1, 2668.

Candravarman is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms candra and varman (वर्मन्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Candravarman (चन्द्रवर्मन्):—[=candra-varman] [from candra > cand] m. Name of a Kāmboja king, [Mahābhārata i, 2668; vii, 1437]

2) [v.s. ...] of a prince conquered by Samudra-gupta, [Inscriptions]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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