Kamatha, Kamaṭha: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Kamatha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Kamatha in Kavya glossary
Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (Kāvya)

Kamaṭha (कमठ) is the name of an ascetic, as mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—Accordingly, “Curious when seeing the people carrying flowers, etc., Pārśvanātha goes to the places where the ascetic Kamaṭha practices the asceticism of the five fires. As he is in possession of the threefold knowledge, Pārśva knows that there is a great serpent in the piece of wood which is about to be burned. ”.—cf. Parsva.

Kamaṭha is known as Kaṭha in the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra and Pārśvanāthacarita in the Śīlāṅka’s Cauppaṇṇamahāpurisacariya.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Kāmaṭha (कामठ).—(KĀMAṬHAKA). A serpent born in Dhṛtarāṣṭra’s family. This serpent was burnt up in Janamejaya’s sarpasattra. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 57, Verse 16).

2) Kāmaṭha (कामठ).—A King of a country called Kāmboja. This King was a prominent member of the court of Yudhiṣṭhira. (Śloka 22, Chapter 4, Sabhā Parva).

3) Kāmaṭha (कामठ).—A great sage. He became a realised soul by his penance. (Chapter 296, Śānti Parva, Mahābhārata).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (h)

Kamaṭha (कमठ) refers to the second of ten avatars (daśāvatāra) of Lord Viṣṇu corresponding to Kacchapa, as described by Vāsudeva in his Vṛttagajendramokṣa verse 105. All the incarnations have been described with their respective contexts in 10 different verses in 10 different metres; Kamaṭha has been described in the Priyaṃvadā metre.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Kamaṭha (कमठ) was hostile towards Pārśvanātha: the twenty-third of the twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras praised in the first book (ādīśvara-caritra) [chapter 1] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism. Accordingly, “[...] may the Lord Pārśvanātha, whose attitude of mind was the same toward Kamaṭha and Dharaṇendra while each was performing actions characteristic of himself, be for your emancipation”.

Note: Kamaṭha was Pārśvanātha’s enemy and Dharaṇendra his friend, as the result of an incident in a former birth. See Bloomfield: Life and Stories of the Jaina Savior Pārśvanātha, pp. 9 ff.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kamaṭha (कमठ).—m S A tortoise or turtle.

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kāmaṭha (कामठ).—a R (Corrupted and misapplied from karmaṭha S) Busy, diligent, industrious.

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kāmatha (कामथ).—f Inam-land granted in remuneration of service. Current about sōḷāpūra.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kamaṭha (कमठ).—[Uṇ.1.1]

1) A tortoise; संप्राप्तः कमठः स चापि नियतं नष्टस्तवादेशतः (saṃprāptaḥ kamaṭhaḥ sa cāpi niyataṃ naṣṭastavādeśataḥ) Pt.2.192.

2) A bamboo

3) A water-jar.

-ṭhī A female tortoise or a small tortoise.

Derivable forms: kamaṭhaḥ (कमठः).

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Kāmaṭha (कामठ).—a. [kamaṭha-aṇ] Peculiar or belonging to the tortoise. इति श्रुत्वा हृषीकेशः कामठं रूपमास्थितः (iti śrutvā hṛṣīkeśaḥ kāmaṭhaṃ rūpamāsthitaḥ) Rām.1.45.29. ...... कामठीं तनुमाददे (kāmaṭhīṃ tanumādade) Śiva. B.13.17.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kamaṭha (कमठ).—mn.

(-ṭhaḥ-ṭhaṃ) 1. A water jar, especially one made of a hollow gourd or cocoanut, and used by ascetics. m.

(-ṭhaḥ) 1. A turtle, a tortoise. 2. A bamboo. 3. The name of a Daitya or demon. 4. A porcupine. f. (-ṭhī) A female tortoise, a small one. E. kam to desire, &c. aṭha Unadi affix, fem. affix. ṅīṣ.

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Kāmaṭha (कामठ).—m.

(-ṭhaḥ) A tortoise. E. kamaṭha the same, aṇ pleonasm.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kamaṭha (कमठ).—m. 1. A tortoise, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 199. 2. A proper name, Mahābhārata 2, 117.

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Kāmaṭha (कामठ).—i. e. kamaṭha + a, adj. Belonging or proper to the tortoise, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 45, 30.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kamaṭha (कमठ).—[masculine] tortoise.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kamaṭha (कमठ):—[from kam] m. ([Uṇādi-sūtra i, 102]) a tortoise, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Pañcatantra] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a porcupine, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] a bamboo, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a king, [Mahābhārata]

5) [v.s. ...] of a Muni

6) [v.s. ...] of a Daitya

7) [v.s. ...] mn. a water-jar ([especially] one made of a hollow gourd or cocoa-nut, and used by ascetics), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Kāmaṭha (कामठ):—mfn. ([from] kamaṭha), peculiar or belonging to the tortoise, [Rāmāyaṇa i, 45, 30.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kamaṭha (कमठ):—(ṭhaḥ) m. A turtle; a bamboo; a demon; a porcupine. m. n. A water-jar. f. A small female tortoise.

2) Kāmaṭha (कामठ):—[kāma-ṭha] (ṭhaḥ) 1. m. A tortoise.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kamaṭha (कमठ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Kamaḍha, Kamaḍhaga, Kamaḍhaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kamatha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kamaṭha (ಕಮಠ):—

1) [noun] any of a large and widely distributed order (Testudines) of terrestrial or aquatic reptiles having a toothless beak and a soft body encased in a tough shell into which the head, tail, and four legs may be withdrawn; a turtle; a tortoise.

2) [noun] (myth.) the second of the ten incarnations of Viṣṇu.

3) [noun] the portable water container used by sages.

4) [noun] (Jain.) a demon.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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