Janani, Jananī: 10 definitions

Introduction

Janani means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Jananī (जननी) is another name for Jantukā, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Ferula foetida (asafoetida) from the Apiaceae or “celery” family of flowering plants, according to verse 3.126-129 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). R. N. Soḍhal considers Jantukā as Hiṅgu (Ferula foetida Regel Umbelliferae/Apiaceae). Raghuvīr Prasāda Trivedī considers Jantukā a parasitic creeper (vṛkṣaruhā); the fruits are like Kapikacchu, thus he identifies it with Cuscuta chinensis Lank. (Convolvulaceae), a plant used in Vietnam as Tho ty tu. Chopra identifies Jantukā with Garcinia lucida Roxb. Vaidyaka Śabda Sindhu equates it with Lākṣā. Together with the names Jananī and Jantukā, there are a total of twenty-one Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Jananī (जननी) refers to “mother”, used in the compound trideva-jananī, which represents an epithet of Goddess Durgā, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.11. Accordingly as Brahmā said to Nārada:—“[...] O Brahmin, best of my sons, listen attentively to what I did when the lord Viṣṇu went away. I began a continuous laudatory prayer of the Goddess Durgā, [...] I salute the Goddess who is omnipresent, eternal, for whom there is no support, who is never distressed, who is the mother of the three deities (trideva-jananī), who is the grossest of the gross and yet has no form”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

jananī : (f.) the mother.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jananī (जननी).—f (S) A mother. Ex. malā mārāyālā tujhī kāya ja0 vyālī āhē.

--- OR ---

janānī (जनानी).—a ( P opp. to maradānī or P Manly.) Made for or suitable to women--an article of apparel &c. 2 Becoming or adapted to the female voice--a song or an air. 3 Effeminate or womanish--an act or a thought or the voice of a man. 4 Feminine:--opp. to masculine. 5 Used as s f An hermaphrodite approaching to the female sex.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

jananī (जननी).—f A mother.

--- OR ---

janānī (जनानी).—a Made for or suitable to women -an article of apparel &c. Becom- ing or adapted to the female voice– a song or an air. Effeminate or womanish-an act or a thought or the voice of a man.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Janani (जननि).—f. [jan-ani]

1) A mother,

2) Birth.

Derivable forms: jananiḥ (जननिः).

--- OR ---

Jananī (जननी).—[jan-ṇic ani ṅīp]

1) A mother.

2) Mercy, tenderness, compassion; जननी तु दयामात्रोः (jananī tu dayāmātroḥ) Medinī; न संररञ्जे विषमं जनन्याम् (na saṃrarañje viṣamaṃ jananyām) Bu. Ch.2.34.

3) A bat.

4) Lac.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Jananī (जननी).—(otherwise only mother), woman (Johnston's note compares mātṛgrāma, q.v.): na saṃrarañje viṣamaṃ jananyām, Buddhacarita ii.34, loved no woman wrongly.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Janani (जननि).—f.

(-niḥ) 1. A fragrant plant: see the preceding. 2. Birth, production. E. jan to be born, affix ani.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jananī (जननी):—[from janana > jan] f. a mother, [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra xv; Manu-smṛti ix, 192; Yājñavalkya; Nalopākhyāna] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a queen-mother, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] a bat, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] = jana-karī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Jasminum auriculatum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Rubia Munjista, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] the plant janī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] the plant kaṭukā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] compassion, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Janani (जननि):—[from jan] metrically for , a mother, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā vi, 10]

11) [v.s. ...] f. birth, [Horace H. Wilson]

12) [v.s. ...] the plant janī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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