Iryapatha, aka: Īryāpatha, Irya-patha, Īryapatha; 7 Definition(s)
Iryapatha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
1) Īryāpatha (ईर्यापथ) refers to the four “bodily positions” according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter V.—The four bodily positions (īryāpatha): sitting (niśadana), lying (śayyā), walking (gamana) and standing (sthāna) are called dwelling. The Buddha takes up these positions to frighten Māra’s troops (mārasena) and so that his disciples will rejoice and enter into all kinds of dhyānas.
2) Īryāpatha (ईर्यापथ) refers to the “bearing” of the Buddha according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter LI:—What is the bearing (īryāpatha) of the Buddha? The bearing is the four physical movements or postures:
- walking (caṅkrama), Like the king of the elephants (nāgarāja), the Buddha turns his body in order to look.
- standing (sthāna), He sits cross-legged with his body upright.
- sitting (niṣīdana), He always lies down on his right side and places his knees one on top of the other.
- lying down (śayyā), When he eats, he is not attached to the taste; for him, good and bad food are the same.
As for the postures (īryāpatha) of the dharmakāya Buddhas, they are: In one single stride (ekena padena), they traverse, in the east, universes as many as the sands of the Ganges, and the sermons (dharamdeśana) of their brahmic voice (brahmasvara) has the same range.(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Buddhism)
1) īryā-patha [iriyā-patha] ways of movement. The Sanskrit root īr means to go or to move. Īryā-patha connotes bodily postures, namely, walking, standing, sitting and lying. In the Satipaṭṭhāna Sutta these postures are mentioned as objects of contemplation. The purpose behind considering them as objects of contemplation is that while walking the aspirant fully understands that walking is a mere action; there is no agent behind the action. Thus he remains free from the notion of an eternal soul.
2) iriyā-patha (lit. 'ways of movement'): 'bodily postures', i.e. going, standing, sitting, lying. In the Satipaṭṭhāna Sutta (s. Satipaṭṭhāna), they form the subject of a contemplation and an exercise in mindfulness.
"While going, standing, sitting or lying down, the monk knows 'I go', 'I stand', 'I sit', 'I lie down'; he understands any position of the body." - "The disciple understands that there is no living being, no real ego, that goes, stands, etc., but that it is by a mere figure of speech that one says: 'I go', 'I stand', and so forth." (Com.).(Source): Buddhist Door Glossary: Buddhist Door Glossary
General definition (in Jainism)
Īryāpatha (ईर्यापथ) refers to “walking carefully” and is one of the twenty-four activities (kriyā) of sāmparāyika (transmigression-extending influx). Sāmparāyika is one two types of āsrava (influx) which represents the flow of karma particles towards the soul, which is due to the three activities: manoyoga ( activities of mind), kāyayoga ( activities of body) and vacanayoga (activities of speech).Kriyā (‘activities’, such as īryāpatha) is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality. (Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism
Hemacandra says the īryā-patha may be taken in the literal sense as “the path of one’s going” or it may be understood to mean “the line of conduct of an ascetic” the primary infraction of which would be at the destruction of any form of life: the import of the sūtra remains in either case the same.(Source): Google Books: Jaina Yoga: A Survey of the Mediaeval Śrāvakācāras
Irya-patha (Influx of karmas caused by vibrations without passions).(Source): Jainworld: Moksha Marg Prakashak - Glossary
1) Īryāpatha (ईर्यापथ).—One of the two types of āsrava (influx).—What is meant by transmigression-reducing (īryāpatha) influx? Influx of karmas which are free of their duration (sthiti) and potency (anubhāga) is called transmigression-reducing influx.
Who acquires transmigression-reducing influx? Living beings without passions can acquire transmigression-reducing influx. In which stages of spiritual purification, transmigression-reducing influx can be acquired? It can during occur during 11th till 13th stages of spiritual purification.
2) Īryāpatha (ईर्यापथ).—One of the activities (kriyā) of transmigression-extending influx (sāmparāyika).—Activities which involve careful walking from one place to another only for an objective are called īryāpatha-kriyā.(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
1) the observances of a religious mendicant to obtain knowledge.
2) the four positions of the body, i. e. going, standing upright, sitting and lying down.
Derivable forms: īryapathaḥ (ईर्यपथः).
Īryapatha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms īrya and patha (पथ).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 3 books and stories containing Iryapatha, Īryāpatha, Irya-patha or Īryapatha. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
The Āmra-sūtra < [III. Recollection of the community (saṃgānusmṛti)]
IV. Results of the Nine Notions < [Part 1 - The nine notions according to the Abhidharma]
II. The ten powers (bala) of the Bodhisattva < [Part 2 - The ten powers and the four fearlessnesses according to the Mahāyāna]
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)
Chapter II-e - The hell named Raurava (...) < [Volume I]
Chapter XXIII - Megha and Meghadatta < [Volume I]
Chapter XXX - The second Avalokita-sūtra < [Volume II]
A study of the philosophy of Jainism (by Deepa Baruah)