Iryapatha, aka: Irya-patha, Īryāpatha, Īryapatha; 7 Definition(s)


Iryapatha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Iryapatha in Mahayana glossary... « previous · [I] · next »

1) Īryāpatha (ईर्यापथ) refers to the four “bodily positions” according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter V.—The four bodily positions (īryāpatha): sitting (niśadana), lying (śayyā), walking (gamana) and standing (sthāna) are called dwelling. The Buddha takes up these positions to frighten Māra’s troops (mārasena) and so that his disciples will rejoice and enter into all kinds of dhyānas.

2) Īryāpatha (ईर्यापथ) refers to the “bearing” of the Buddha according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter LI:—What is the bearing (īryāpatha) of the Buddha? The bearing is the four physical movements or postures:

  1. walking (caṅkrama), Like the king of the elephants (nāgarāja), the Buddha turns his body in order to look.
  2. standing (sthāna), He sits cross-legged with his body upright.
  3. sitting (niṣīdana), He always lies down on his right side and places his knees one on top of the other.
  4. lying down (śayyā), When he eats, he is not attached to the taste; for him, good and bad food are the same.

As for the postures (īryāpatha) of the dharmakāya Buddhas, they are: In one single stride (ekena padena), they traverse, in the east, universes as many as the sands of the Ganges, and the sermons (dharamdeśana) of their brahmic voice (brahmasvara) has the same range.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Iryapatha in Buddhism glossary... « previous · [I] · next »

1) īryā-patha [iriyā-patha] ways of movement. The Sanskrit root īr means to go or to move. Īryā-patha connotes bodily postures, namely, walking, standing, sitting and lying. In the Satipaṭṭhāna Sutta these postures are mentioned as objects of contemplation. The purpose behind considering them as objects of contemplation is that while walking the aspirant fully understands that walking is a mere action; there is no agent behind the action. Thus he remains free from the notion of an eternal soul.

2) iriyā-patha (lit. 'ways of movement'): 'bodily postures', i.e. going, standing, sitting, lying. In the Satipaṭṭhāna Sutta (s. Satipaṭṭhāna), they form the subject of a contemplation and an exercise in mindfulness.

"While going, standing, sitting or lying down, the monk knows 'I go', 'I stand', 'I sit', 'I lie down'; he understands any position of the body." - "The disciple understands that there is no living being, no real ego, that goes, stands, etc., but that it is by a mere figure of speech that one says: 'I go', 'I stand', and so forth." (Com.).

Source: Buddhist Door Glossary: Buddhist Door Glossary

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Iryapatha in Jainism glossary... « previous · [I] · next »

Īryāpatha (ईर्यापथ) refers to “walking carefully” and is one of the twenty-four activities (kriyā) of sāmparāyika (transmigression-extending influx). Sāmparāyika is one two types of āsrava (influx) which represents the flow of karma particles towards the soul, which is due to the three activities: manoyoga ( activities of mind), kāyayoga ( activities of body) and vacanayoga (activities of speech).

Kriyā (‘activities’, such as īryāpatha) is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Hemacandra says the īryā-patha may be taken in the literal sense as “the path of one’s going” or it may be understood to mean “the line of conduct of an ascetic” the primary infraction of which would be at the destruction of any form of life: the import of the sūtra remains in either case the same.

Source: Google Books: Jaina Yoga: A Survey of the Mediaeval Śrāvakācāras

Irya-patha (Influx of karmas caused by vibrations without passions).

Source: Jainworld: Moksha Marg Prakashak - Glossary

1) Īryāpatha (ईर्यापथ).—One of the two types of āsrava (influx).—What is meant by transmigression-reducing (īryāpatha) influx? Influx of karmas which are free of their duration (sthiti) and potency (anubhāga) is called transmigression-reducing influx.

Who acquires transmigression-reducing influx? Living beings without passions can acquire transmigression-reducing influx. In which stages of spiritual purification, transmigression-reducing influx can be acquired? It can during occur during 11th till 13th stages of spiritual purification.

2) Īryāpatha (ईर्यापथ).—One of the activities (kriyā) of transmigression-extending influx (sāmparāyika).—Activities which involve careful walking from one place to another only for an objective are called īryāpatha-kriyā.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Iryapatha in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [I] · next »

Īryapatha (ईर्यपथ).—

1) the observances of a religious mendicant to obtain knowledge.

2) the four positions of the body, i. e. going, standing upright, sitting and lying down.

Derivable forms: īryapathaḥ (ईर्यपथः).

Īryapatha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms īrya and patha (पथ).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 420 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Patha (पथ).—nt. (in Sanskrit m.), way: marutpathāni LV 117.9 (verse). See also Laṅkā-patha.--- ...
Dakṣiṇāpatha (दक्षिणापथ).—n. (-thaṃ) 1. The south. 2. Southern road or course. 3. Deccan. E. da...
Kupatha (कुपथ) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.25, I.65) and represents one o...
Uttarāpatha refers to “northern India”: a district of ancient India comprising the Punjab prope...
Supatha (सुपथ).—m. (-thaḥ) 1. A good road. 2. Good conduct. 3. Good course. E. su good, pathin ...
Mahāpatha (महापथ).—m. (-thaḥ) 1. The principal path or entrance to a town or house. &c., a ...
Kramapāṭha (क्रमपाठ).—A method of teaching the Vedas. It is due to the insistence on strict adh...
Ghaṇṭāpatha (घण्टापथ).—m. (-thaḥ) The chief road through a village, a highway. E. ghaṇṭā a bell...
Tripatha (त्रिपथ).—n. (-thaṃ) 1. A place where three roads meet. 2. Three ways or paths. E. tri...
Padapāṭha (पदपाठ).—An ancient system of studying the Vedas. (See under Ghanapāṭha).
Dvipatha (द्विपथ).—n. (-thaṃ) A place where two roads meet. E. dvi two, pathin a road.
Catuṣpatha.—(LP), a place where four roads meet. Note: catuṣpatha is defined in the “Indian epi...
Devapatha (देवपथ).—f. (-thaḥ) Heaven, the firmament, the celestial path or way. E. deva a deity...
Dṛṣṭipatha (दृष्टिपथ).—the range of sight. Derivable forms: dṛṣṭipathaḥ (दृष्टिपथः).Dṛṣṭipatha ...
Karṇapatha (कर्णपथ).—the range of hearing. Derivable forms: karṇapathaḥ (कर्णपथः).Karṇapatha is...

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