Irya, Īrya: 10 definitions


Irya means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Īryā (ईर्या) or Īryāsamiti refers to “(the care in) walking not to injure any living thing”, and represents one of the five Samiti (“five kinds of carefulness”), according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, in the sermon of Sūri Dharmaghoṣa:—“[...] the gift of supporting dharma (dharmopagrahadāna) is five-fold: purity of giver, receiver, gift, time, and thought. [... ] That gift would have purity of receiver, whose receiver is such a man [who] observes the five kinds of carefulness (samiti) [viz., īryā-samiti], [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Irya (इर्य).—a. Ved.

1) Instigating (preraka).

2) Destroying the enemies.

3) A lord, master.

4) Active, powerful, an epithet of Pūṣan and of the Aśvins.

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Īrya (ईर्य).—a. To be excited.

-ryā Wandering about as a religious mendicant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Iryā (इर्या) or Iryāpatha or Iryāvant.—semi-MIndic spelling for īry°, q.v.

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Īryā (ईर्या).—or iryā (chiefly the latter, semi-MIndic, has been noted; = Pali and AMg. iriyā) = the much com- moner īryā-patha (or iryā°), deportment, behavior, par- ticularly good, dignified, proper deportment: Mahāvastu i.302.10 iryaṃ (mss., Senart īryāṃ) paśyitvā (of a Pratyekabuddha); iii.60.9 (kalyāṇā) punar iyaṃ pravrajitasya iryā (Senart īryā); 92.10 iryā (Senart īryā); Lalitavistara 115.2 (verse) teṣa (gods) yathā ca iryā; 116.7 (verse) yatha irya netra vimalāprabha, since he possesses proper deportment and an eye of pure splendor (so better than taking irya-netra as [compound] with Foucaux); 330.12 (verse) īryāṃ (no v.l. in mss.) caryāṃ ca prekṣate, he (Bodhisattva) regards (considers duly) proper deportment and conduct; Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.186.10 (prose) tayā īryayā caryayā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Īryā (ईर्या) or Īryyā.—f.

(-ryā) Wandering about as a religious mendicant. E. īr to go, affix kyap.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Irya (इर्य).—[adjective] active, vigorous, powerful.

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Īrya (ईर्य).—[adjective] to be stirred or impelled.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Irya (इर्य):—mfn. active, powerful, energetical

2) Name of Pūṣan and of the Aśvins

3) instigating

4) destroying enemies ([Sāyaṇa])

5) a lord, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]

6) Īrya (ईर्य):—[from īr] mfn. to be excited.

7) Īryā (ईर्या):—[from īr] f. wandering about as a religious mendicant (id est. without hurting any creature).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Īryā (ईर्या):—(ryyā) 1. f. Wandering about as a religious mendicant.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Īryā (ईर्या) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Iriyā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Irya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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