Shikshapada, Śikṣāpada: 5 definitions



Shikshapada means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śikṣāpada can be transliterated into English as Siksapada or Shikshapada, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Shikshapada in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Śikṣāpada (शिक्षापद, “precept”).—The 250 precepts and similar texts are called ‘sūtra’.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of shikshapada or siksapada in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Shikshapada in Buddhism glossary
Source: Santipada: Ekottara Agama 20.7 —Calm & insight

Śikṣāpada, “moral training”:—If a bhikṣu, liv­ing in the forest in serenity, real­ises tran­quil­ity, he per­fects the dis­cip­line (vinaya) with [all] its rules of moral train­ing (śikṣāpada), without devi­at­ing from the [proper] way of deport­ment (īryāpatha), without break­ing the vows and by devel­op­ing all vir­tues (guṇa).

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shikshapada in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śikṣāpada (शिक्षापद).—nt. (Sanskrit in Harṣac.; = Pali sikkhāpada, see also śiṣyā°), moral commandment; as in Pali, there are five incumbent on all Buddhists, referred to as binding on an upāsaka and listed Mahāvastu iii.268.10—13, in the form of promises made, yāvajjīvaṃ prāṇātipātāt (adattādānāt, kāmehi mithyācārāt, mṛṣāvādāt, surāmaireyamadyapra- mādasthānāt) prativiramiṣyaṃ; the second five bind only monks, śrāmaṇerasya śikṣāpadaṃ iii.268.16—17, here not listed but referred to, yāvaj (this means that the first four are understood) jātarūparajatapratigrahaṇa-śikṣāpa- daṃ dhārayāmi 17; the first eight are listed Mahāvyutpatti 8693— 8700 in the form of cpds. in -viratiḥ (6—8 being gandhamā- lyavilepanavarṇaka-[rouge etc.]-dhāraṇa-v°, uccaśayana- mahāśayana-v°, vikālabhojana-v°); here omitted is nṛtya- gītavāditā, which is separate in the Pali list but grouped with gandhamālyavilepana in Abhidharmakośa LaV-P. iv.47, altho this text proceeds to point out that the standard number ten is made up by separating these two (and adding the prohibition against gold etc., which curiously, in Abhidharmakośa as in Mahāvyutpatti, is left out of the formal list of eight); the order of the second group of five varies slightly in different lists; pañca śi° Mahāvastu i.211.14 = ii.15.13 (observed by the Bodhisattva's mother while carrying him); i.321.18; in Śikṣāsamuccaya 174.1 ff., besides the ‘five’ and ‘ten’ śi°, are men- tioned larger numbers, ye ca bodhisattvasaṃvaraṃ catur- thaṃ śataṃ (Tibetan according to note 400) śikṣāpadānāṃ dhāra- yanti, ye punar abhiniṣkrāntagṛhāvāsā bhikṣavaḥ (250 śi°)…dhārayanti, and 500 which nuns keep; no number, Mahāvastu iii.52.2; 265.14 (buddhaprajñapti-śi°): Divyāvadāna 51.8; 549.6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śikṣāpada (शिक्षापद):—[=śikṣā-pada] [from śikṣā > śikṣ] n. moral precept, [Buddhist literature]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Śikṣāpada (शिक्षापद):—n. Vorschrift [BURNOUF,] [?Intr. 304. 630. Lot. de Lassen’s Anthologie b. l. 444. fgg. Vyutpatti oder Mahāvyutpatti 162.] prajñapti (ein Theil des Vinaya) [213.]

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Śikṣāpada (शिक्षापद):—, deren vier [Hemacandra] [Yogaśāstra 2, 1.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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