Isadhara, Īśādhara, Īsadhara, Ishadhara: 6 definitions



Isadhara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Īśādhara can be transliterated into English as Isadhara or Ishadhara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

One of the seven ranges of mountains round Sineru It is the abode of deva kings and of devas and yakkhas (SnA.ii.443; Sp.i.119; Dvy.217). It is higher than Karavika, and between these two is a Sidantara samudda; next to Isadhara and higher than it is Yugandhara, and between them is another Sidantara samudda (

The Mahavastu (ii.300) calls it Isandhara (suggesting its probable etymology).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Īśādhara (ईशाधर) refers to the “bearing of the supreme mountain” and represents one of the “eight mountains” (parvata) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 125). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., īśādhara). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (I) next»] — Isadhara in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

īsadhara : (m.) name of a mountain.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Iśādhāra (इशाधार).—name of a nāga: Mahāvyutpatti 3333 (but Mironov Īśā°); Tibetan gśol madaḥ ḥdzin, plow-holder (implying Īṣā°).

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Iṣādhāra (इषाधार).—v.l. in Mironov for Mahāvyutpatti 4144 Īṣādhara, q.v., name of a mountain. See also Īṣādhāra (2).

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Īśādhara (ईशाधर).—m., name of a mountain: Dharmasaṃgraha 125; Mironov for Mahāvyutpatti 4144 (with v.l. Iśādhāra). See under Īṣādhara.

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Īśādhāra (ईशाधार).—(1) name of a nāga, Mironov's reading for Iśā° Mahāvyutpatti 3333; (2) m. pl., name of a range of mountains (= Īṣā°; see under Īṣādhara): Śikṣāsamuccaya 246.4 °rā(ḥ).

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Īṣādhara (ईषाधर).—m. (= Pali Īsadhara), name of a mountain (one of the seven ranges surrounding Sumeru; Kirfel, [Kosmographie der Inder] 186): Mahāvyutpatti 4144 (but Mironov Īśā°, with v.l. Iṣā- dhāra). Cf. next, Iṣāṃdhara (Iṣaṃ°), Īśādhāra, Īśā- dhara. Kyoto ed. text Īsā°, Index ‘Īṣā° (Īśā°)’.

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Īṣādhāra (ईषाधार).—m. (see under prec.), (1) name of a mountain or mountain-range: Divyāvadāna 217.12, 14; Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.94.6; (2) name of a deity (giving rain): Śikṣāsamuccaya 247.7 (or may be Iṣā°; samdhi ambiguous); (3) implied by Tibetan instead of Iśādhāra, q.v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Īśādhara (ईशाधर):—[=ī-śādhara] [from īśa > īś] m. (with Buddhists) Name of one of the 8 mountains, [Dharmasaṃgraha 125]

2) Īṣādhāra (ईषाधार):—[from īṣā] m. Name of a Nāga.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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