Hasa, Hāsa, Hasha, Hāsā: 23 definitions


Hasa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Haas.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Hāsa (हास, “mirth”).—One of the eight ‘permanent states’ (sthāyibhāva), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7.31. These ‘permanent states’ are called ‘the source of delight’ and are not interfered with by other States. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.43-44)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Hāsa (हास) is the sthāyībhāva (“durable psychological state”) associated with Hāsya or the “comic sentiment”, which represents one of the nine kinds of Rasa (“soul of Drama”), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—The Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa says that hāsyarasa is generated from some irrelevant or funny conversations or attires which bring humour to the viewers’ mind and the viewers start laughing. [...] Hāsa is the sthāyibhāva of this sentiment. Sita i.e., white is the colour and Pramatha is the God of this sentiment.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (Kāvya)

Hāsā (हासा) and Prahāsā are two Vyantarīs (i.e., Vyantara-women), as mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—Accordingly, “In love with two Vyantarī, Hāsā and Prahāsā, the silversmith Kumāranandin decides to join them on the island Pañcaśaila. Despite the opposition of his friend Nagila, he therefore undertakes a fast to the death. [...]”.

Cf.  Āvaśyakacūrṇi I 397.5-398.14; Āvasyakaniryukti (Haribhadra commentary) b.3-a.l; Bṛhatkalpabhāṣya (v. 5225) 1388.29-1389.4; NiBh 140.5-142.2 (named Aṇaṃgaseṇa); Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra X.ll.v. 332-381: Johnson VI p. 285-289.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Hāsa (हास) refers to a “smile” or “laughing”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 18.63-68, while describing the iconography of Mṛtyujit and the consort Amṛtalakṣmī]—“After [the Mantrin] has meditated on the beautiful form as indicated earlier, he should worship Mṛtyujit and Śrī Devī [Amṛtalakṣmī], [...]. [She is as] white as pearls, covered in white clothes, adorned and resplendent with jewels, white garlands of pearls, moonstone, etc. [Amṭralaksṃī is] beautifully adorned with white garlands, wreathes, Mālās, [and] lotuses. [She] laughs (hara-hāsa), has beautiful limbs [and] a bright white smile (sita-hāsāsitahāsāṃ manoramām). [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: archive.org: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Hāsa (हास) refers to “laughter”, according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the outlines of hawking]: “The Bharadvaja, when pursued by hawks carefully hiding itself and crying piteously, sometimes in a low and sometimes in a loud voice, excites a feeling of laughter (hāsa-rasa), because they hide themselves through fear,but yet can be traced by their cry. The sportsman, seeking amusement, should shoot pellets at them. [...]”.

Arts book cover
context information

This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama

Hasa or hasi is humour or sense of humour.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Hāsā (हासा) refers to one of the eight Dikkumārīs living on the northern Rucaka mountains (in the Rucakadvīpa continent), according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, “[...] Eight Dikkumārīs [viz., Hāsā] from the northern Rucaka Mountains came quickly by means of the Ābhiyogika-gods who had become chariots like the wind (in speed). After bowing to the Jina and to his mother and announcing their purpose as before, they stood on the left holding chauris, singing.[...].”.

2) Hāsā (हासा) and Hāsarati are the two Indras of the Mahākrandita class Vyantaras living in the first 100 yojanas of the Ratnaprabhā-earth in the “lower world” (adhaloka), according to chapter 2.2.

Accordingly: “[...] In the first 100 yojanas of Ratnaprabhā, with the exception of 10 above and 10 below, i.e., in 80 yojanas, there are 8 classes of Vyantaras: [viz., the Mahākranditas, ...] The two Indras in these classes are respectively: [viz., Hāsa and Hāsarati;...]”.

Source: JAINpedia: Jainism

Hāsa (हास) refers to “comedy” or “humour” and represents one of the “nine sentiments” (navarasa) in poetics and dramaturgy and represents one of the topics dealt with in the Anuyogadvārasūtra : a technical treatise on analytical methods, a kind of guide to applying knowledge.—In Muni Puṇyavijaya’s words, “the Nandi which is of the form of five Jñānas serves as a mangala in the beginning of the study of the Āgamas; and the Anuyogadvāra-sūtra serves as a key to the understanding of the Āgamas”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

hāsa : (m.) laughter; mirth.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Hāsa, (fr. has, cp. Sk. hāsa & harṣa) laughter; mirth, joy Dh.146; DA.I, 228=SnA 155 (“āmeṇḍita”); J.I, 33; II, 82; V, 112; Miln.390. See also ahāsa.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

haśā (हशा).—m ( A) The border of a garment.

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haśā (हशा) [or हंशा, haṃśā].—m ( H) Laughter or laughing. v kara. A fondling term for the laughing of little children.

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hāśā (हाशा).—m ( A) The border of a garment.

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hāśā (हाशा) [or हांशा, hāṃśā].—m hāśī f The name of a Jungle tree.

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hāsa (हास).—m S Laughing or laughter.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

haśā (हशा).—m Laughter or laughing.

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hāśā (हाशा).—m The border of a garment. port. Profit.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hasa (हस).—

1) Laugh, laughter.

2) Derision.

3) Merriment, mirth.

Derivable forms: hasaḥ (हसः).

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Hāsa (हास).—[has-bhāve ghañ]

1) Laughter, laughing, smile; भासो हासः (bhāso hāsaḥ) P. R.1.22.

2) Joy, mirth, merriment.

3) Laughter, as the prevailing feeling of the rasa called हास्य (hāsya); see S. D.27.

4) Derisive laughter; संरम्भं मैथिली- हासः क्षणसौम्यां निनाय ताम् (saṃrambhaṃ maithilī- hāsaḥ kṣaṇasaumyāṃ nināya tām) R.12.36.

5) Opening, blowing, expanding (as of lotuses &c.); कूलानि सामर्षतयेव तेनुः सरोजलक्ष्मीं स्थलपद्महासैः (kūlāni sāmarṣatayeva tenuḥ sarojalakṣmīṃ sthalapadmahāsaiḥ) Bhaṭṭikāvya 2.3.

6) Pride, arrogance; अनन्यहेतुष्वथ मे गतिः स्यादात्यन्तिकी यत्र न मृत्युहासः (ananyahetuṣvatha me gatiḥ syādātyantikī yatra na mṛtyuhāsaḥ) Bhāgavata 3. 27.3.

Derivable forms: hāsaḥ (हासः).

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Hāsā (हासा).—(Ved.) कालाः (kālāḥ); Uṇādi-sūtra 4.228.

Derivable forms: hāsāḥ (हासाः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hasa (हस).—m.

(-saḥ) 1. Laughter, laughing, laugh. 2. Mirth, merriment, joy. 3. Derision. E. has to laugh, aff. ap; also with ghaña, hāsa m. (-saḥ .)

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Hāsa (हास).—m.

(-saḥ) 1. Laughing, laughter. 2. Joy, merriment. 3. One of the eight sentiments in poetry. 4. Derision. 5. Blowing, opening. E. has to laugh, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hasa (हस).—[has + a], m. 1. Laughter. 2. Derision, [Padma-Purāṇa, (ed. Wollheim.)] 16, 82.

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Hāsa (हास).—i. e. has + a, m. 1. Laughing, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 56. 2. Joy, [Nalodya, (ed. Benary.)] 1, 31, 3. Derision, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 3, 19.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hasa (हस).—[masculine] laughter, mirth.

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Hasa (हस).—[masculine] laughter, mirth.

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Hāsa (हास).—[masculine] laughing, laughter, mirth, joy, derision.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hasa (हस):—[from has] (or hasa) m. (ifc. f(ā). ) mirth, laughter, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) Hāsa (हास):—[from has] a m. (ifc. f(ā). ) laughing, laughter, mirth (often in [plural]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] mocking, derision of ([genitive case]), [Rāmāyaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] a jest, joke, fun (ākhyāna-h, ‘a funny story’), [Kathāsaritsāgara]

5) [v.s. ...] dazzling whiteness (regarded as laughter in which the teeth are shown), [Rāmāyaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] pride, arrogance, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

7) Hāsā (हासा):—[from hāsa > has] f. Name of Durgā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Hāsa (हास):—b hāsya See p.1294, [columns] 2 and 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hasa (हस):—(saḥ) 1. m. Laughter, laughing.

2) Hāsa (हास):—(saḥ) 1. m. Laughing, laughter.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Hāsa (हास) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Hasa, Hāsa, Hāsā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Hasa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Hāsa (हास) [Also spelled haas]:—(nm) laughter/laughing, derisive laughter, fun, joke; the abiding emotion of [hāsya rasa; ~kara] inspiring laughter; -[parihāsa] fun and humour.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Hasa (हस) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Has.

2) Hasa (हस) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Hras.

3) Hasa (हस) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Hāsa.

4) Hāsa (हास) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Hāsa.

5) Hāsa (हास) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Hāsa.

6) Hāsa (हास) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Hrāsa.

7) Hāsā (हासा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Hāsā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Hasa (ಹಸ):—

1) [noun] an acute and general shortage of food (caused by drought) or a period of this; famine.

2) [noun] a desire; yearning; a longing for.

3) [noun] covetousness; avariciousness; greed.

4) [noun] the quality of being impatiently eager.

5) [noun] (fig.) hunger; starvation.

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Hasa (ಹಸ):—

1) [noun] a beautiful, charming, attractive thing.

2) [noun] a pure, clean thing.

3) [noun] that which is good, better or appropriate.

4) [noun] a variety of good quality arecanut.

5) [noun] the quality or condition of being clean, pure; cleanliness; purity.

6) [noun] the state of doing well esp. in respect to good fortune, happiness, well-being or prosperity; welfare.

7) [noun] the quality of being appropriate, suitable, fitting, etc.; appropriateness; propriety.

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Hasa (ಹಸ):—[noun] a strong, thick cord, made of twisted or braided strands of hemp, flax, coir or the like; a rope.

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Hāsa (ಹಾಸ):—

1) [noun] a length of a rope.

2) [noun] a piece of rope having a noose at one end.

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Hāsa (ಹಾಸ):—

1) [noun] the act of laughing.

2) [noun] the feeling characterised by pleasure, joy.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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