Grihin, Gṛhin: 10 definitions

Introduction

Grihin means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Gṛhin can be transliterated into English as Grhin or Grihin, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya

Gṛhin (गृहिन्) or Gṛhastha refers to the “householder” according to the Manusmṛti 3.77-78.—Accordingly, “just as all Creatures subsist by deriving support from air, so do the other states subsist by deriving support from the Housohelder (gṛhastha). Because men in all the three states are sustained by householders only, with knowledge and food, therefore the householder’s (gṛhin) is the highest state”.

According to Dakṣa (Vīramitrodaya-Āhnika, p. 456).—“Because gods, men and animals are supported by the householder, therefore is the householder (Gṛhin or Gṛhastha) the best of all. The householder has been described as the source of the other three stages; whenever he suffers, the other three suffer with him;...... for this reason, the householder is to be guarded with due effort, and should be honoured and worshipped by the king, as also by the other three”.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purana

Gṛhin (गृहिन्) or Gṛhī refers to a “householder” and is mentioned in the Skandapurāṇa 2.9.22.—Accordingly, “one who desires to become a householder (gṛhin) should (first) pay his tuition-fees according to his capacity. After paying the fees, and with his (preceptor’s) permission, he should perform the Samāvartana ceremony (for pupil’s homecoming after finishing the course of holy study). [...] A householder should make religious gifts according to his capacity, to a virtuous recipient in a sacred place, at an auspicious time, as per injunctions. He should be merciful to all beings”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Gṛhin (गृहिन्) or Gṛhastha refers to “householder” according to Sāyaṇa on Ṛgveda VI.49, 9; VII.97, 5.—cf. Pastyā (fem. pl.): a word occurring in several passages of the Ṛgveda. Roth ascribes to it the meaning of “house” or “dwelling”, in the wide sense of the term, as well as that of the “family” living in the house.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Gṛhin (गृहिन्) refers to “lay people”, as mentioned in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 20 (2nd series).—Accordingly, “in order to embrace the path (mārga), the Yogin goes forth from home. If he continued to keep company with lay people (gṛhin), nothing would be changed in his former way of life; this is why the Yogin first seeks to save himself and then to save others. If he wanted to save others before saving himself, he would be like the man who, not knowing how to swim, wants to save a drowning person; he would be swept away along with the drowning person”.

By avoiding being with lay people [gṛhin], the Bodhisattva is able to accumulate the pure qualities (pariśuddhaguṇa). Recollecting the Buddha intensely, he transforms his body, goes into the Buddha-fields, leaves home, shaves his head and puts on the yellow robe (kāṣāyvastra). Why? Because he always takes pleasure in the monastic condition and abhors meeting with lay people.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Gṛhin (गृहिन्) refers to a classification of a śrāvaka (laymen), based on his progress through the pratimās, according to Āśādhara. Gṛhin refers to the first to six pratimās, also known as Jaghanya (least).

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gṛhin (गृहिन्).—a. [gṛha-ini] Possessing a house. -m. The master of a house, a householder; पीड्यन्ते गृहिणः कथं नु तनयाविश्लेषदुःखैर्नवैः (pīḍyante gṛhiṇaḥ kathaṃ nu tanayāviśleṣaduḥkhairnavaiḥ) Ś.4.6; U.2.22; Śānti.2.24, Pt.2.61.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gṛhin (गृहिन्).—m. (-hī) A householder. E. gṛha a house, and ini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gṛhin (गृहिन्).—i. e. gṛha + in. I. m. A householder (see the last), [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 232. Ii. f. iṇī, The wife of a householder, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 152.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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