Grihin, Gṛhin: 13 definitions
Grihin means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Gṛhin can be transliterated into English as Grhin or Grihin, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya
Gṛhin (गृहिन्) or Gṛhastha refers to the “householder” according to the Manusmṛti 3.77-78.—Accordingly, “just as all Creatures subsist by deriving support from air, so do the other states subsist by deriving support from the Housohelder (gṛhastha). Because men in all the three states are sustained by householders only, with knowledge and food, therefore the householder’s (gṛhin) is the highest state”.
According to Dakṣa (Vīramitrodaya-Āhnika, p. 456).—“Because gods, men and animals are supported by the householder, therefore is the householder (Gṛhin or Gṛhastha) the best of all. The householder has been described as the source of the other three stages; whenever he suffers, the other three suffer with him;...... for this reason, the householder is to be guarded with due effort, and should be honoured and worshipped by the king, as also by the other three”.
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purana
Gṛhin (गृहिन्) or Gṛhī refers to a “householder” and is mentioned in the Skandapurāṇa 2.9.22.—Accordingly, “one who desires to become a householder (gṛhin) should (first) pay his tuition-fees according to his capacity. After paying the fees, and with his (preceptor’s) permission, he should perform the Samāvartana ceremony (for pupil’s homecoming after finishing the course of holy study). [...] A householder should make religious gifts according to his capacity, to a virtuous recipient in a sacred place, at an auspicious time, as per injunctions. He should be merciful to all beings”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
Gṛhin (गृहिन्) or Gṛhastha refers to “householder” according to Sāyaṇa on Ṛgveda VI.49, 9; VII.97, 5.—cf. Pastyā (fem. pl.): a word occurring in several passages of the Ṛgveda. Roth ascribes to it the meaning of “house” or “dwelling”, in the wide sense of the term, as well as that of the “family” living in the house.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Gṛhin (गृहिन्) refers to “lay people”, as mentioned in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 20 (2nd series).—Accordingly, “in order to embrace the path (mārga), the Yogin goes forth from home. If he continued to keep company with lay people (gṛhin), nothing would be changed in his former way of life; this is why the Yogin first seeks to save himself and then to save others. If he wanted to save others before saving himself, he would be like the man who, not knowing how to swim, wants to save a drowning person; he would be swept away along with the drowning person”.
By avoiding being with lay people [gṛhin], the Bodhisattva is able to accumulate the pure qualities (pariśuddhaguṇa). Recollecting the Buddha intensely, he transforms his body, goes into the Buddha-fields, leaves home, shaves his head and puts on the yellow robe (kāṣāyvastra). Why? Because he always takes pleasure in the monastic condition and abhors meeting with lay people.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga
Gṛhin (गृहिन्) refers to a classification of a śrāvaka (laymen), based on his progress through the pratimās, according to Āśādhara. Gṛhin refers to the first to six pratimās, also known as Jaghanya (least).
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Gṛhin (गृहिन्).—a. [gṛha-ini] Possessing a house. -m. The master of a house, a householder; पीड्यन्ते गृहिणः कथं नु तनयाविश्लेषदुःखैर्नवैः (pīḍyante gṛhiṇaḥ kathaṃ nu tanayāviśleṣaduḥkhairnavaiḥ) Ś.4.6; U.2.22; Śānti.2.24, Pt.2.61.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Gṛhin (गृहिन्).—m. (-hī) A householder. E. gṛha a house, and ini aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Gṛhin (गृहिन्).—i. e. gṛha + in. I. m. A householder (see the last), [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 232. Ii. f. iṇī, The wife of a householder, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 152.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Gṛhin (गृहिन्).—[adjective] having a house; [masculine] householder, [feminine] gṛhiṇī house-wife.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Gṛhin (गृहिन्):—[from gṛbh] mfn. possessing a house, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā v, 5, 2, 2]
2) [v.s. ...] m. the master of a house, householder, Gṛha-stha, [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Bhāgavata-purāṇa] ([genitive case] [plural] hīṇām for hiṇām, [x, 8, 4]) etc.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
1) Adj. ein Haus besitzend. —
2) m. Hausherr , Hausvater. —
3) f. hiṇī Hausfrau , Gattin.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Ends with: Sugrihin.
Search found 2 books and stories containing Grihin, Gṛhin, Grhin; (plurals include: Grihins, Gṛhins, Grhins). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 22 - Duties of Householders (Gṛhin or Gṛhastha) < [Section 9 - Vāsudeva-māhātmya]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Bhūmi 5: the ground difficult to conquer (sudurjayā) < [Chapter XX - (2nd series): Setting out on the Mahāyāna]