Grihin, Gṛhin, Grihi, Gṛhī: 24 definitions

Introduction:

Grihin means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Gṛhin and Gṛhī can be transliterated into English as Grhin or Grihin or Grhi or Grihi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purana

Gṛhin (गृहिन्) or Gṛhin refers to a “householder” and is mentioned in the Skandapurāṇa 2.9.22.—Accordingly, “one who desires to become a householder (gṛhin) should (first) pay his tuition-fees according to his capacity. After paying the fees, and with his (preceptor’s) permission, he should perform the Samāvartana ceremony (for pupil’s homecoming after finishing the course of holy study). [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya

Gṛhin (गृहिन्) or Gṛhastha refers to the “householder” according to the Manusmṛti 3.77-78.—Accordingly, “just as all Creatures subsist by deriving support from air, so do the other states subsist by deriving support from the Housohelder (gṛhastha). Because men in all the three states are sustained by householders only, with knowledge and food, therefore the householder’s (gṛhin) is the highest state”.

According to Dakṣa (Vīramitrodaya-Āhnika, p. 456).—“Because gods, men and animals are supported by the householder, therefore is the householder (Gṛhin or Gṛhastha) the best of all. The householder has been described as the source of the other three stages; whenever he suffers, the other three suffer with him;...... for this reason, the householder is to be guarded with due effort, and should be honoured and worshipped by the king, as also by the other three”.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Gṛhin (गृहिन्) refers to the “household”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 11), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).— Accordingly, “Raśmi Ketu is a comet possessing a tail slightly coloured like smoke; it appears in the constellation of Kṛttikā. The effects are the same as those assigned to Sveta Ketu. Dhruva Ketu is a comet possessing no fixed course, colour or shape and appears anywhere in the heavens, in the sky and on Earth. When it appears glossy, mankind will be happy. To those whose death might be near this Ketu appears in the several divisions of the King’s army, in houses, in trees, in hills and in household utensils [i.e., gṛhingṛhiṇām upaskareṣu]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Gṛhin (गृहिन्) refers to a “householder”, according to the Mṛgendrāgama Caryāpāda verse 11.—Accordingly, “The lokadharmī Sādhaka, a Putraka who is a married householder (snātakaputrakaḥ snātako gṛhī), a Samayin and someone who was previously a householder [and had become a saṃnyāsin] are Śaivas without vratas”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

Gṛhin (गृहिन्) refers to the “householder”, according to the Devyāmata (chapter 105).—Accordingly, [while describing the consequences of a doorway]—“Thus, in due sequence, the consequences of doorways are given. [With a doorway] at Īśa, the householder (gṛhin) will have the risk of fire; at Parjanya, harm from women. At Jaya [the householder] is endowed with wealth. At Māhendra he is dear to the king. At Āditya there is anger. At Satya there is lawful conduct. [...]”.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Gṛhin (गृहिन्) or Gṛhastha refers to “householder” according to Sāyaṇa on Ṛgveda VI.49, 9; VII.97, 5.—cf. Pastyā (fem. pl.): a word occurring in several passages of the Ṛgveda. Roth ascribes to it the meaning of “house” or “dwelling”, in the wide sense of the term, as well as that of the “family” living in the house.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Gṛhin (गृहिन्) refers to “lay people”, as mentioned in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 20 (2nd series).—Accordingly, “in order to embrace the path (mārga), the Yogin goes forth from home. If he continued to keep company with lay people (gṛhin), nothing would be changed in his former way of life; this is why the Yogin first seeks to save himself and then to save others. If he wanted to save others before saving himself, he would be like the man who, not knowing how to swim, wants to save a drowning person; he would be swept away along with the drowning person”.

By avoiding being with lay people [gṛhin], the Bodhisattva is able to accumulate the pure qualities (pariśuddhaguṇa). Recollecting the Buddha intensely, he transforms his body, goes into the Buddha-fields, leaves home, shaves his head and puts on the yellow robe (kāṣāyvastra). Why? Because he always takes pleasure in the monastic condition and abhors meeting with lay people.

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Gṛhin (गृहिन्) refers to the “(society of) householders”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] At that time, sixty koṭis of Bodhisattvas, having stood up from the congregation, joined their palms, paid homage to the Lord, and then uttered these verses in one voice: ‘[...] (217) With gifts and kind treatment, we will bring them to maturity, and afterwards exhort them so that they can truly [enter into] the sphere of no wickedness. (218) Giving up the society of householders (gṛhin-saṃbhava-saṃtyakta), with small properties and few duties, dwelling in wilderness or forest, we will become like deers. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Gṛhin (गृहिन्) refers to a classification of a śrāvaka (laymen), based on his progress through the pratimās, according to Āśādhara. Gṛhin refers to the first to six pratimās, also known as Jaghanya (least).

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Gṛhin (गृहिन्) refers to “householders”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “When dwelling in a house, [a lifestyle] which is full of great misfortune [and] exceedingly despicable, victory over carelessness cannot be achieved even by the very wise. The unsteady mind cannot be subdued by householders (gṛhin). Therefore, the state of a householder is abandoned by wise men for peace of mind”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gṛhin (गृहिन्).—a. [gṛha-ini] Possessing a house. -m. The master of a house, a householder; पीड्यन्ते गृहिणः कथं नु तनयाविश्लेषदुःखैर्नवैः (pīḍyante gṛhiṇaḥ kathaṃ nu tanayāviśleṣaduḥkhairnavaiḥ) Ś.4.6; Uttararāmacarita 2.22; Śānti.2.24, Pañcatantra (Bombay) 2.61.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gṛhin (गृहिन्).—m. (-hī) A householder. E. gṛha a house, and ini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gṛhin (गृहिन्).—i. e. gṛha + in. I. m. A householder (see the last), [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 232. Ii. f. iṇī, The wife of a householder, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 152.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gṛhi (गृहि).—[masculine] master of a house.

--- OR ---

Gṛhī (गृही).—[with] bhū become a house or habitation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gṛhin (गृहिन्).—[adjective] having a house; [masculine] householder, [feminine] gṛhiṇī house-wife.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gṛhi (गृहि):—[from gṛbh] only [genitive case] [plural] hīṇām See hin

2) [v.s. ...] for haye ([Vedic or Veda] [infinitive mood]) See √grah.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gṛhin (गृहिन्):—[from gṛbh] mfn. possessing a house, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā v, 5, 2, 2]

2) [v.s. ...] m. the master of a house, householder, Gṛha-stha, [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Bhāgavata-purāṇa] ([genitive case] [plural] hīṇām for hiṇām, [x, 8, 4]) etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gṛhin (गृहिन्):—(hī) 5. m. A householder.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Gṛhin (गृहिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Gihi, Gharilla.

[Sanskrit to German]

Grihin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Gṛhi (ಗೃಹಿ):—[noun] = ಗೃಹಸ್ಥ [grihastha].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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