Gridhra, Gṛdhra, Gṛdhrā: 23 definitions
Gridhra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Gṛdhra and Gṛdhrā can be transliterated into English as Grdhra or Gridhra, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Alternative spellings of this word include Gradhra.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Gṛdhra (गृध्र) is a Sanskrit word referring to the animal “vulture”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Gṛdhra is part of the sub-group named prasaha, refering to animals “who take their food by snatching”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I
Gṛdhra (गृध्र)—Sanskrit word for a bird corresponding to “vulture”. This animal is from the group called Prasaha (‘carnivorous birds’). Prasaha itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study
1) Gṛdhra (गृध्र) (lit. “one who strives after greedily”) refers to the Black or King Vulture (Sarcogyps calvus), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.
2) Gṛdhra (गृध्र) (lit. “one who is gready”) also refers to the Hawk/Falcon (Śyena).
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Gṛdhra (गृध्र) refers to the “vultures”, flying above Dakṣa at the time of the destruction of his sacrifice, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.34. Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] When Vīrabhadra set off thus, bad omens were seen by Dakṣa and the Devas. [...] Thousands of vultures (gṛdhra) hovered above touching Dakṣa’s head. Shadows of these darkened the sacrificial platform”.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Gṛdhra (गृध्र).—A son of Kṛṣṇa and Mitravindā.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 16.
Gṛdhra (गृध्र) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.55) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Gṛdhra) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Prācyā: Animals and animal products as reflected in Smṛti texts
Gṛdhra (गृध्र) refers to the bird “Vulture” (Gyps bengalensis).—Birds have been described in several ancient Sanskrit texts that they have been treated elaborately by eminent scholars. These birds [viz., Gṛdhra] are enumerated in almost several Smṛtis in context of specifying the expiations for killing them and their flesh being used as a dietary article to give satisfaction to the manes (Pitṛs) in Śrāddha rites. These are elaborated especially in the Manusmṛti, Parāśarasmṛti [chapter VI], Gautamasmṛti [chapter 23], Śātātapasmṛti [II.54-56], Uśānasmṛti [IX.10-IX.12], Yājñavalkyasmṛti [I.172-I.175], Viṣṇusmṛti [51.28-51.29], Uttarāṅgirasasmṛti [X.16].
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Gridhra is the name of a Saptarishi (fifth of the seven) of the Fourteenth Manvantara (where Bhautya is Manu and Suchi is Indra) of the Śveta-vārāha Kalpa.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Gṛdhra (गृध्र, “vulture”) represents an incarnation destination of the tiryaggati (animal realm) according to the “world of transmigration” section in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVII).—The Bodhisattva sees the animals (tiryak) undergoing all the torments: they are made to gallop by blows of the whip or stick; they are made to make long journeys carrying burdens; their harness is damaged; they are branded with hot iron. As a result of shamelessness (anapatrāpya), lack of self-respect (āhrīkya) and gluttony (gṛddhitva), they take the form of a bird such as [for example], a vulture (gṛdhra).
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala
Gṛdhrā (गृध्रा) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Gṛdhra forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Vāyucakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the vāyucakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Gṛdhrā] and Vīras are dark blue in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
gṛdhra (गृध्र).—m (S) A vulture. In Sanskrit, and sometimes in Prakrit, this term is applicable to Kite.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
gṛdhra (गृध्र).—m A vulture.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Gṛdhra (गृध्र).—a. [gṛdh-kran] Greedy, covetous.
-dhraḥ, -dhram A vulture; मार्जारस्य हि दोषेण हतो गृध्रो जरद्गवः (mārjārasya hi doṣeṇa hato gṛdhro jaradgavaḥ) H.1.53; R. 12.5,54.
-dhrī The female vulture; Y.3.256.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-dhraḥ-dhrā-dhraṃ) Desirous, greedy, covetous. m.
(-dhraḥ) A vulture. E. gṛdh to desire, and kran Unadi affix; it may also written gṛddhra.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Gṛdhra (गृध्र).—[gṛdh + ra], I. adj. Greedy, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 203. Ii. m. A vulture, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 20, 19. Iii. f. rī, A female vulture, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 3, 256.
— Cf. [Latin] vultur.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Gṛdhra (गृध्र).—[adjective] the same; [masculine] vulture, [feminine] ī female v., the myth. mother of the vultures.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Gṛdhra (गृध्र):—[from gṛdh] mfn. desiring greedily or fervently, [Ṛg-veda]
2) [v.s. ...] eager for, desirous of (in [compound]), [Mahābhārata vii, 210; Pañcatantra; Bhāgavata-purāṇa xi]
3) [v.s. ...] m. a vulture, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā v; Adbhuta-brāhmaṇa; Manu-smṛti] etc.
4) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Kṛṣṇa, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa x, 61, 16]
5) [v.s. ...] of a Ṛṣi in the 14th Manv-antara, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]
6) [v.s. ...] of a Rakṣas, [Gaṇeśa-purāṇa]
7) [from gṛdh] cf. Old [German] gīr ; [modern] [German] geier.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Gṛdhra (गृध्र):—(dhraḥ) 1. m. A vulture. a. Covetous, greedy, desirous.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Gṛdhra (गृध्र) [Also spelled gradhra]:—(nm) a vulture; (a) greedy; —[dṛṣṭi] long-sighted; one gifted with a capability to see remote things.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Gṛdhra (ಗೃಧ್ರ):—[noun] any of various accipitrine birds with long, pointed wings and, usu., a forked tail which prey esp. on insects, reptiles, and small mammals; a kite.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+10): Gridhracakra, Gridhrachaya, Gridhradrishti, Gridhragandha, Gridhrajambhuka, Gridhrajambuka, Gridhrakuta, Gridhrakutaparvata, Gridhramojantaka, Gridhrana, Gridhranakhi, Gridhrani, Gridhrapati, Gridhrapatra, Gridhrapattra, Gridhraputrika, Gridhraraj, Gridhraraja, Gridhrasa, Gridhrasad.
Full-text (+53): Gridhraraja, Giddha, Gridhravaja, Gridhranakhi, Gridhrakuta, Gridhravata, Gridhrapati, Gridhrana, Gridhrasi, Gridhrasad, Gridhraraj, Gridhrajambuka, Gridhravajita, Gridhramojantaka, Gardhra, Vajita, Gridhrapattra, Gridhradrishti, Kulala, Gridhraputrika.
Search found 17 books and stories containing Gridhra, Gṛdhra, Grdhra, Gṛdhrā; (plurals include: Gridhras, Gṛdhras, Grdhras, Gṛdhrās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Animal Kingdom (Tiryak) in Epics (by Saranya P.S)
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms (by Fa-Hien)
Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (by Narayana Gosvami)
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Part 3 - Why is it called Gṛdhrakūṭaparvata (vulture peak mountain) < [Chapter V - Rājagṛha]
The beings of the threefold world (traidhātuka) < [The world of transmigration]
Jātaka of the lion, the monkey and the vulture < [Part 2 - Hearing the twelve-membered speech of the Buddha]