Dhairya: 17 definitions


Dhairya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Dhairy.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Dhairya (धैर्य, “self-control”) refers to one of the ten “ involuntary graces” of women (svābhāvikā), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. These involuntary (spontaneous) graces, represent one of the three aspects of graces (alaṃkāra) which forms which forms the support of sentiments (rasa) in drama. These involuntary graces (such as dhairya) are defined according to the science of sāmānyābhinaya, or “harmonious representation”.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “a natural bent of the mind which in all matters is free from rashness and boasting, is called ‘self-control’ (dhairya)”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Dhairya (धैर्य) refers to “(supreme) courage”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.13 (“Śiva-Pārvatī dialogue”).—Accordingly, after Śiva permitted Pārvatī to stay by his side: “He, the lord of individual souls, said to Pārvatī in the company of her maids—‘You can serve me everyday You can go (as you please). You can stay here fearlessly’. Saying this, He accepted the goddess in his service. Śiva is free from aberrations. He is a great Yogin, the lord who indulges in different kinds of divine sports. This is the supreme courage [i.e., mahat-dhairya] of great ascetics possessed of fortitude that though surrounded by obstacles they are not overpowered by them. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Dhairya in Yoga glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (yoga)

Dhairya (धैर्य) refers to “constancy” and represents one of the achievements of Haṭhayoga, according to the 17th-century Haṭhayogasaṃhitā: a compilation on Haṭhayoga that borrows extensively from the Haṭhapradīpikā.—[...] The stated aim of Haṭhayoga is to achieve purification (śodhana), firmness (dṛḍhatā), steadiness (sthairya), constancy (dhairya), lightness (lāghava), direct perception (pratyakṣa) and liberation (nirlipta) of the body (ghaṭa). Its Haṭhayoga has seven auxiliaries: the ṣaṭkarma, āsana, mudrā, pratyāhāra, prāṇasaṃyāma, dhyāna and samādhi.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Dhairya (धैर्य) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Saṃcālanī forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Vajracakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the vajracakra refers to one of the four divisions of the sahaja-puṭa (‘innate layer’), situated within the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Dhairya] each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum and a knife; they are dark-bluish-black in color.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dhairya (धैर्य).—n (S) Patience, calmness, forbearance, fortitude, resolution, firmness. See dhīra.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dhairya (धैर्य).—n Fortitude, resolution, firmness.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhairya (धैर्य).—[dhīrasya bhāvaḥ karma vā ṣyañ]

1) Firmness, durability, strength, constancy, steadiness, stability, fortitude, courage; धैर्यमवष्टभ्य (dhairyamavaṣṭabhya) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1; विपदि धैर्यम् (vipadi dhairyam) Bhartṛhari 2.63;

2) Calmness, composure.

3) Gravity, patience.

4) Inflexibility. उदस्य धैर्यं दयितेन सादरम् (udasya dhairyaṃ dayitena sādaram) Kirātārjunīya 8.5.

5) Boldness, forwardness; तस्मादस्याः कुमुदविशदार्न्यहसि त्वं न धैर्यान्मोघीकर्तुं चटुलशफरोद्वर्तनप्रेक्षितानि (tasmādasyāḥ kumudaviśadārnyahasi tvaṃ na dhairyānmoghīkartuṃ caṭulaśapharodvartanaprekṣitāni) Meghadūta 4. (dhārṣṭya Malli.).

Derivable forms: dhairyam (धैर्यम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhairya (धैर्य) or Dhairyya.—n.

(-ryaṃ) Steadiness, firmness. E. dhīra firm. ṣyañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhairya (धैर्य).—i. e. dhīra + ya, n. 1. Gravity, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 8408. 2. Firmness, constancy, Mahābhārata 3, 17381; [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 63, 47. 3. Courage, [Pañcatantra] 21, 8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhairya (धैर्य).—1. [neuter] wisdom, prudence.

--- OR ---

Dhairya (धैर्य).—2. [neuter] firmness, constancy, courage, calmness, gravity (also [feminine]), p. vant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dhairya (धैर्य):—1. dhairya n. (1. dhīra) intelligence, forethought (opp. to mālvya), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Kāṭhaka]

2) 2. dhairya n. (2. dhīra) firmness, constancy, calmness, patience, gravity, fortitude, courage, (ryaṃ-√kṛ or ava-lamb or ā-lamb, to compose one’s self, gather courage), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) precision of diction, [Śikṣā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhairya (धैर्य):—(ryyaṃ) 1. n. Steadiness, firmness.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Dhairya (धैर्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Dhijja, Dhīra.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dhairya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dhairya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Dhairya (धैर्य) [Also spelled dhairy]:—(nm) patience; fortitude, endurance; -[parīkṣā] test of one’s endurance/patience; —[dharanā/rakhanā] to hold one’s horse; —[baṃdhānā] to console.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dhairya (ಧೈರ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] boldness; courage; braveness.

2) [noun] steadfastness; resoluteness.

3) [noun] patience; ಧೈರ್ಯ ತುಂಬು [dhairya tumbu] dhairya tumbu to make a shy or disheartened person become brave or confident; to bring out someone; to embolden.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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