Badhira: 20 definitions

Introduction:

Badhira means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Badhir.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Badhira (बधिर).—A serpent of the Kaśyapa dynasty. (There is a reference to this serpent in Śloka 16, Chapter 74, Udyoga Parva, Mahābhārata).

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Badhira (बधिर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. V.101.16/V.103) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Badhira) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra

Badhira (बधिर) or Vadhira refers to “one who is deaf”, representing an undesirable characteristic of an Ācārya, according to the 9th-century Hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra Ādikāṇḍa chapter 3.—The Lord said:—“I will tell you about the Sthāpakas endowed with perverse qualities. He should not construct a temple with those who are avoided in this Tantra. [...] He should not be stupid, have a fat lip, be one who spits, or have an indistinct voice, nor have a tumor, nor be a charmer nor be deformed, proud or deaf (badhira). [...] A god enshrined by any of these named above (viz., badhira), is in no manner a giver of fruit. If a building for Viṣṇu is made anywhere by these excluded types (viz., badhira) then that temple will not give rise to enjoyment and liberation and will yield no reward, of this there is no doubt”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Badhira (बधिर, “deaf”) refers to one of the sixty defects of mantras, according to the 11th century Kulārṇava-tantra: an important scripture of the Kaula school of Śāktism traditionally stated to have consisted of 125.000 Sanskrit verses.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Śrī Devī: “For those who do japa without knowing these defects [e.g., badhira—deaf], there is no realization even with millions and billions of japa. [...] Oh My Beloved! there are ten processes for eradicating defects in Mantras as described. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Badhira (बधिर, “deaf”).—According to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV), “then, amongst the beings of the trisāhasramahāsāhasralokadāthu, those who were deaf (badhira) began to hear”. What are the causes of deafness? Answer. – Deafness has the actions of the previous life as cause. To reject or transgress the instructions of one’s teacher (ācārya) or one’s father (pitṛ) and to rebel against them is a sin (āpatti) which will result in deafness. To cut off or tear out someone’s ear, to ruin a gong (gaṇḍī), a bell (dhaṇtā), a conch (śaṅkha) or a drum (dundubhi) of a stūpa of the Buddha of the saṃgha of good men or of any field of merit (puṇyakṣetra) are also sins (āpatti) which in turn lead to deafness. These various actions of a previous lifetime are the causes of deafness in a future lifetime.

In the present lifetime (ihajanma), one can lose one’s hearing as a result of sickness (vyādhi), or being beaten (prahāra), and other similar things: those are the actual causes.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Badhira in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

badhira : (adj.) deaf; a person who is deaf.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Badhira, (adj.) (cp. Vedic badhira, on etym. see Walde, Lat. Wtb. s. v. fatuus, comparing Goth. baups and M. Irish bodar) deaf Vin. I, 91, 322; Th. 1, 501= Miln. 367; J. I, 76 (jāti°); V, 387; VI, 7; DhA. I, 312. See also mūga.—dhātuka deaf by nature J. II, 63; IV, 146; DhA. I, 346. (Page 481)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

badhira (बधिर).—a (S) Deaf. 2 Insensible, numb, callous.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

badhira (बधिर).—a Deaf. Insensible, numb.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Badhira (बधिर).—a. Deaf; ध्वनिभिर्जनस्य बधिरीकृतश्रुतेः (dhvanibhirjanasya badhirīkṛtaśruteḥ) Śiśupālavadha 13.3; Manusmṛti 7.149.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Badhira (बधिर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Deaf. E. bandh to bind, (the hearing.) aff. kirac, deriv. irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Badhira (बधिर).—probably bandh + ira, adj. Deaf, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 84.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Badhira (बधिर).—[adjective] deaf, [abstract] † [feminine]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Badhira (बधिर):—a etc. See [column]3.

2) [from bandh] b mf(ā)n. (sometimes written vadhira) deaf, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a serpent-demon (son of Kaśyapa), [Mahābhārata]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Badhira (बधिर):—[(raḥ-rā-raṃ) a.] Deaf.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Badhira (बधिर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Bahira.

[Sanskrit to German]

Badhira in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Badhira in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Badhira (बधिर) [Also spelled badhir]:—(a) deaf; ~[] deafness.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Badhira (ಬಧಿರ):—[noun] a man partially or wholly lacking or deprived of the sense of hearing; a deaf man.

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Badhira (ಬಧಿರ):—[noun] the grass Cymbopogon schoenanthus ( = Andropogon schoenanthus) of Poaceae family; lemon grass.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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