Dainya: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Dainya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Dainy.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Dainya (दैन्य, “depression”).—One of the thirty-three ‘transitory states’ (vyabhicāribhāva), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘transitory states’ accompany the ‘permanent state’ in co-operation. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.8-9)

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Dainya (दैन्य, “depression”) is caused by determinants (vibhāva) such as poverty, mental agony and the like. It is to be represented on the stage by consequents (anubhāva) such as want of self-command, dullness of the body, absent-mindedness, giving up of cleansing [the body] and the like.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Dainya (दैन्य) refers to one of the different Bhāvas employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.— The example of dainya-bhāva is XVI.16.—Here we can easily observe that how Devavrata Bhīṣma feels regression in the mind for not helping (though being capable) lady Draupadī at the time of need. She was insulted by Duryodhana and Duḥśāsana in the royal court and he did not stop them from doing so. Thus the sense of dainya can be seen in Devavrta Bhīṣma.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dainya (दैन्य).—n (S) Humbleness; lowliness or gentleness of spirit. 2 Poverty or adverse circumstances.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dainya (दैन्य).—n Wretchedness, humbleness; poverty.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dainya (दैन्य).—[dīnasya bhāvaḥ ṣyañ]

1) Poverty, poor and pitiable condition, miserable state; दरिद्राणां दैन्यम् (daridrāṇāṃ dainyam) G. L.2; फणिनो दैन्यमाश्रितः (phaṇino dainyamāśritaḥ) Ku.2.21; इन्दोर्दैन्यं त्वदनुसरण- क्लिष्टकान्तेर्बिभर्ति (indordainyaṃ tvadanusaraṇa- kliṣṭakānterbibharti) Me.86.

2) Affliction, sorrow, dejection, grief, low-spiritedness.

3) Feebleness.

4) Meanness.

Derivable forms: dainyam (दैन्यम्).

See also (synonyms): daina.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dainya (दैन्य).—n.

(-nyaṃ) 1. Meanness, covetousness. 2. Poverty, humbleness. E. dīna a pauper, &c. ṣyañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dainya (दैन्य).—i. e. dīna (see 3. ) + ya, n. 1. Affliction, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 89, 17. 2. Humbleness, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 44. 3. Miserable state, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 82.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dainya (दैन्य).—[neuter] dejection, wretchedness, misery; [accusative] [with] kṛ or vidhā be querulous or humble.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dainya (दैन्य):—[from daina] n. wretchedness, affliction, depression, miserable state, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature; Suśruta] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] meanness, covetousness, [Horace H. Wilson]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Dainya (दैन्य):—(von dīna) n. Niedergeschlagenheit, Traurigkeit [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 24, 155.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 319.] daurgatyādyairanaujasyaṃ dainyaṃ malinatādikṛt [Sāhityadarpana 172. 169. 170.] dainyaṃ harṣaśca khedaśca [Rāmāyaṇa 6, 89, 17.] roṣo harṣaśca dainyaśca (!) [99, 19.] (saḥ) tato dainyamupāgamat [Mahābhārata 13, 1960.] [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 41, 13.] śṛṇu tvaṃ yannimittaṃ me dainyametadupāgatam [69, 7.] dainyaṃ hi nagaraṃ gaccheddṛṣṭvā śūnyamimaṃ ratham [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 51, 5.] na mamārthānprati dainyam [Mṛcchakaṭikā 7, 22.] dainyaṃ (gaṇyate) priyālāpini hier wohl Noth [Bhartṛhari 2, 44. -] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 4, 61.] [Arjunasamāgama 4, 48.] [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 60, 8.] [Suśruta 1, 4, 10. 245, 9. 374, 3.] [Bhartṛhari 3, 31. 32.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 104, 6. fgg.] [Pañcatantra II, 105.] Cit. beim Schol. zu [Śākuntala 5, 5.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 3, 180.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 18, 14. 8, 8, 37.] [Prabodhacandrodaja 88, 7.] indordainyam kläglicher Zustand [Meghadūta 82.]

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Dainya (दैन्य):—, saḥ paraṃ dainyamupāgataḥ [Mahābhārata 12, 4303.] yaḥ samutpatitaṃ harṣaṃ dainyaṃ vā na niyacchati [Spr. 4868.] eine klägliche —, erbärmliche Lage [1753. 4675]; so auch [Bhartṛhari 2, 44] [?(Spr.

954) und 3, 32 (Spr. 2075).]

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Dainya (दैन्य):—, dainyaṃ kar sich erniedrigen [Spr. (II) 4840.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Dainya (दैन्य):—n. Niedergeschlagenheit , Traurigkeit , Kläglichkeit , klägliche , erbärmliche , traurige Lage. dainyaṃkar kläglich thun , sich erniedrigen. dainyaśca [Rāmāyaṇa 6,99,19] fehlerhaft für dainyañca , d.i. dainyaṃca.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Dainya (दैन्य) [Also spelled dainy]:—(nm) meekness, humbleness; poverty, indigence.

context information

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