Dainya: 17 definitions


Dainya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Dainy.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Dainya (दैन्य, “depression”).—One of the thirty-three ‘transitory states’ (vyabhicāribhāva), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7.—Dainya is caused by determinants (vibhāva) such as poverty, mental agony and the like. It is to be represented on the stage by consequents (anubhāva) such as want of self-command, dullness of the body, absent-mindedness, giving up of cleansing [the body] and the like.—Note: These ‘transitory states’ accompany the ‘permanent state’ in co-operation. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.8-9)

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Kavyashastra (science of poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Dainya (दैन्य) refers to one of the different Bhāvas employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.— The example of dainya-bhāva is XVI.16.—Here we can easily observe that how Devavrata Bhīṣma feels regression in the mind for not helping (though being capable) lady Draupadī at the time of need. She was insulted by Duryodhana and Duḥśāsana in the royal court and he did not stop them from doing so. Thus the sense of dainya can be seen in Devavrta Bhīṣma.

Kavyashastra book cover
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Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Dainya (दैन्य):—[dainyaṃ] Wretchedness, pathetic.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Dainya (दैन्य) refers to “distress”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.10 (“Boasting of Tāraka”).—Accordingly, as Kumāra (Kārttikeya) fought with Tāraka-Asura: “[...] Some of the Asuras shrieking ‘O save O save’ with palms joined in reverence sought refuge in Kumāra. Numberless Asuras were killed. Many fled. The fleeing Asuras were beaten and harassed by the gods and the Gaṇas. Thousands of them fled to Pātāla for their life. Those who tried to flee were disappointed and put to distress (dainya) [bhagnāśā dainyamāgatāḥ]. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dainya (दैन्य).—n (S) Humbleness; lowliness or gentleness of spirit. 2 Poverty or adverse circumstances.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dainya (दैन्य).—n Wretchedness, humbleness; poverty.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dainya (दैन्य).—[dīnasya bhāvaḥ ṣyañ]

1) Poverty, poor and pitiable condition, miserable state; दरिद्राणां दैन्यम् (daridrāṇāṃ dainyam) G. L.2; फणिनो दैन्यमाश्रितः (phaṇino dainyamāśritaḥ) Kumārasambhava 2.21; इन्दोर्दैन्यं त्वदनुसरण- क्लिष्टकान्तेर्बिभर्ति (indordainyaṃ tvadanusaraṇa- kliṣṭakānterbibharti) Meghadūta 86.

2) Affliction, sorrow, dejection, grief, low-spiritedness.

3) Feebleness.

4) Meanness.

Derivable forms: dainyam (दैन्यम्).

See also (synonyms): daina.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dainya (दैन्य).—n.

(-nyaṃ) 1. Meanness, covetousness. 2. Poverty, humbleness. E. dīna a pauper, &c. ṣyañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dainya (दैन्य).—i. e. dīna (see 3. ) + ya, n. 1. Affliction, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 89, 17. 2. Humbleness, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 44. 3. Miserable state, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 82.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dainya (दैन्य).—[neuter] dejection, wretchedness, misery; [accusative] [with] kṛ or vidhā be querulous or humble.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dainya (दैन्य):—[from daina] n. wretchedness, affliction, depression, miserable state, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature; Suśruta] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] meanness, covetousness, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dainya (दैन्य):—(nyaṃ) 1. n. Meanness, poverty.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Dainya (दैन्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Dainna.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dainya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Dainya (दैन्य) [Also spelled dainy]:—(nm) meekness, humbleness; poverty, indigence.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dainya (ದೈನ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] the condition of great wretchedness, suffering, helplessness, etc. and which is pitiable; misery.

2) [noun] a man in such a condition.

3) [noun] a man who is cheated or betrayed by another.

4) [noun] (dance.) gloominess as expressed with a dull-face, (considered as a minor sentiment).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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