Catu, Cāṭu, Caṭu, Cātu: 18 definitions


Catu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chatu.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Cāṭu (चाटु) refers to “pleasing (words)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.54 (“Description of the duties of the chaste wife”).—Accordingly, as a Brahmin lady said to Pārvatī: “[...] She who delights her husband delights all the worlds. When she sees her husband coming home she shall hasten to serve him food and water, hand him betel and change of garments, and serve him by massaging his feet. By pleasing words (cāṭu-vacana) she shall fascinate him and dispel his gloom. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of catu in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Cāṭu.—(IA 15), probably, a spoon. (EI 32), a eulogistic stanza. Note: cāṭu is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of catu in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Catu in Borneo is the name of a plant defined with Durio zibethinus in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Cullenia ceylanica (Gardn.) K. Schum. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Systema Vegetabilium.
· Familles des Plantes (1763)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Catu, for example extract dosage, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, chemical composition, health benefits, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

Discover the meaning of catu in the context of Biology from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

catu : (adj.) four.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Cāṭu, (cp. cāru) pleasant, polite in °kammatā politeness, flattery Miln. 370 (cp. Sk. cāṭukāra); cāṭu-kamyatā Vbh. 246; Vism. 17, 23, 27; KhA 236. (Page 264)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of catu in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

cāṭu (चाटु).—a S Pleasing, grateful, agreeable--features, speech, actions.

--- OR ---

cāṭū (चाटू).—m A wooden ladle or spoon. 2 An oar. 3 A little water insect, like a large bug.

--- OR ---

cāṭū (चाटू).—a (cāṭaṇēṃ. That licks.) That takes bribes.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

cāṭu (चाटु).—a Pleasing; agreeable.

--- OR ---

cāṭu (चाटु).—m A wooden spoon; an oar. a That takes bribes.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of catu in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Caṭu (चटु).—n. [ṭa un]

1) Kind or flattering words; छायां निजस्त्रीचटुलालसानाम् (chāyāṃ nijastrīcaṭulālasānām) Śiśupālavadha 4.6; see चाटु (cāṭu).

2) A scream.

3) A devotional posture among ascetics.

-ṭuḥ The belly.

Derivable forms: caṭuḥ (चटुः).

--- OR ---

Cāṭu (चाटु).—n.

1) [caṭ-uṇ] Pleasing or agreeable words, sweet or coaxing speech, flattery (especially of a lover to his sweet-heart); प्रियः प्रियायाः प्रकरोति चाटुम् (priyaḥ priyāyāḥ prakaroti cāṭum) Ṛtusaṃhāra 6.14; विरचितचाटुवचनरचनं चरणरचितप्रणिपातम् (viracitacāṭuvacanaracanaṃ caraṇaracitapraṇipātam) Gītagovinda 11; Amaruśataka 83; Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.175; Śānti.3.14; Ch. P.2; (the greater part of the 1th canto of gītagovinda consists of such coaxing)

2) Distinct or clear speech.

3) Endearing words or acts; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1.1.

Derivable forms: cāṭuḥ (चाटुः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caṭu (चटु).—mn. (-ṭuḥ-ṭu) 1. Scream, screech. 2. Kind or agreeable discourse. m.

(-ṭuḥ) 1. The belly. 2. A posture of devotion amongst ascetics. E. caṭ to break, &c, Unadi affix un; also cāṭu.

--- OR ---

Cāṭu (चाटु).—mn. (-ṭuḥ-ṭu) 1. Pleasing or grateful discourse. 2. Distinct speech. 3. Flattery. E. caṭ to break, (anger,) Unadi affix ñuṇ; also caṭu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cāṭu (चाटु).—m. and n. Pleasing, flatiering discourse, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 6, 14.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caṭu (चटु).—[substantive] courtesy, flirtation.

--- OR ---

Cāṭu (चाटु).—[masculine] [neuter] courtesy, flattery, politeness.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Caṭu (चटु):—mn. ([cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]; √caṭ, [Uṇādi-sūtra]; [gana] sidhmādi), kind or flattering words, amorous chattering (of birds), [Śiśupāla-vadha iv, 6; Bālarāmāyaṇa]

2) the belly, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) a devotional posture among ascetics, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) m. a scream, screech, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) cf. cāṭu, cāru.

6) Catu (चतु):—[from catasṛ] 1. catu mfn. = turtha, [Taittirīya-āraṇyaka i, 8, 4.]

7) [v.s. ...] 2. catu in [compound] for tur (before s followed by a surd dental and followed by a surd lingual).

8) Catū (चतू):—[from catasṛ] in [compound] for tur before r.

9) Cāṭu (चाटु):—m. n. sg. and [plural] (cf. caṭu) pleasing or graceful words or discourse, flattery, [Harivaṃśa 1144; Pañcatantra; Kādambarī; Harṣacarita] etc.

10) = piciṇḍa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) mfn. pleasing (?), [Rājataraṅgiṇī i, 213]

12) speaking distinctly, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Caṭu (चटु):—(ṭuḥ) 2. m. The belly; posture of ascetics in devotion. n. Scream, screech; kind discourse.

2) Cāṭu (चाटु):—[(ṭuḥ-ṭu)] 2. m. n. Pleasing or grateful discourse; flattery.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Caṭu (चटु) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Caḍu, Cāḍu.

[Sanskrit to German]

Catu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of catu in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Cāṭu (चाटु):—(nm) flattery, adulation, false praise.

context information


Discover the meaning of catu in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Caṭu (ಚಟು):—

1) [noun] pleasing or kind speech.

2) [noun] the belly.

--- OR ---

Catu (ಚತು):—[adjective] (in comp.) totalling to four.

--- OR ---

Cāṭu (ಚಾಟು):—[noun] the sound imitative of the one made by repetitive beating, slapping, patting, etc.

--- OR ---

Cāṭu (ಚಾಟು):—

1) [noun] a shelter or protection from danger, difficulty, etc; refuge.

2) [noun] a place of safety; a shelter; a safe retreat.

--- OR ---

Cāṭu (ಚಾಟು):—[noun] = ಚಾಟಿ [cati]2.

--- OR ---

Cāṭu (ಚಾಟು):—

1) [adjective] giving pleasure; pleasant; agreeable; gratifying; pleasing; pleasant.

2) [adjective] having, showing or characterised by wit; cleverly amusing; witty.

--- OR ---

Cāṭu (ಚಾಟು):—

1) [noun] pleasing, gratifying speech.

2) [noun] skill; dexterity; deftness.

3) [noun] a man whose speech is gratifying or pleasing.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of catu in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Related products

Help me keep this site Ad-Free

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: