Catu, Cāṭu, Caṭu: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Catu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chatu.

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Cāṭu.—(IA 15), probably, a spoon. (EI 32), a eulogistic stanza. Note: cāṭu is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

catu : (adj.) four.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Cāṭu, (cp. cāru) pleasant, polite in °kammatā politeness, flattery Miln. 370 (cp. Sk. cāṭukāra); cāṭu-kamyatā Vbh. 246; Vism. 17, 23, 27; KhA 236. (Page 264)

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context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

cāṭu (चाटु).—a S Pleasing, grateful, agreeable--features, speech, actions.

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cāṭū (चाटू).—m A wooden ladle or spoon. 2 An oar. 3 A little water insect, like a large bug.

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cāṭū (चाटू).—a (cāṭaṇēṃ. That licks.) That takes bribes.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

cāṭu (चाटु).—a Pleasing; agreeable.

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cāṭu (चाटु).—m A wooden spoon; an oar. a That takes bribes.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Caṭu (चटु).—n. [ṭa un]

1) Kind or flattering words; छायां निजस्त्रीचटुलालसानाम् (chāyāṃ nijastrīcaṭulālasānām) Śi.4.6; see चाटु (cāṭu).

2) A scream.

3) A devotional posture among ascetics.

-ṭuḥ The belly.

Derivable forms: caṭuḥ (चटुः).

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Cāṭu (चाटु).—n.

1) [caṭ-uṇ] Pleasing or agreeable words, sweet or coaxing speech, flattery (especially of a lover to his sweet-heart); प्रियः प्रियायाः प्रकरोति चाटुम् (priyaḥ priyāyāḥ prakaroti cāṭum) Ṛs.6.14; विरचितचाटुवचनरचनं चरणरचितप्रणिपातम् (viracitacāṭuvacanaracanaṃ caraṇaracitapraṇipātam) Gīt.11; Amaru.83; Pt.1.175; Śānti.3.14; Ch. P.2; (the greater part of the 1th canto of gītagovinda consists of such coaxing)

2) Distinct or clear speech.

3) Endearing words or acts; Māl.1.1.

Derivable forms: cāṭuḥ (चाटुः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caṭu (चटु).—mn. (-ṭuḥ-ṭu) 1. Scream, screech. 2. Kind or agreeable discourse. m.

(-ṭuḥ) 1. The belly. 2. A posture of devotion amongst ascetics. E. caṭ to break, &c, Unadi affix un; also cāṭu.

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Cāṭu (चाटु).—mn. (-ṭuḥ-ṭu) 1. Pleasing or grateful discourse. 2. Distinct speech. 3. Flattery. E. caṭ to break, (anger,) Unadi affix ñuṇ; also caṭu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cāṭu (चाटु).—m. and n. Pleasing, flatiering discourse, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 6, 14.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caṭu (चटु).—[substantive] courtesy, flirtation.

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Cāṭu (चाटु).—[masculine] [neuter] courtesy, flattery, politeness.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Caṭu (चटु):—mn. ([cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]; √caṭ, [Uṇādi-sūtra]; [gana] sidhmādi), kind or flattering words, amorous chattering (of birds), [Śiśupāla-vadha iv, 6; Bālarāmāyaṇa]

2) the belly, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) a devotional posture among ascetics, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) m. a scream, screech, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) cf. cāṭu, cāru.

6) Catu (चतु):—[from catasṛ] 1. catu mfn. = turtha, [Taittirīya-āraṇyaka i, 8, 4.]

7) [v.s. ...] 2. catu in [compound] for tur (before s followed by a surd dental and followed by a surd lingual).

8) Catū (चतू):—[from catasṛ] in [compound] for tur before r.

9) Cāṭu (चाटु):—m. n. sg. and [plural] (cf. caṭu) pleasing or graceful words or discourse, flattery, [Harivaṃśa 1144; Pañcatantra; Kādambarī; Harṣacarita] etc.

10) = piciṇḍa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) mfn. pleasing (?), [Rājataraṅgiṇī i, 213]

12) speaking distinctly, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Caṭu (चटु):—(ṭuḥ) 2. m. The belly; posture of ascetics in devotion. n. Scream, screech; kind discourse.

2) Cāṭu (चाटु):—[(ṭuḥ-ṭu)] 2. m. n. Pleasing or grateful discourse; flattery.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Caṭu (चटु):—[Die Uṇādi-Affixe 1, 3.] gaṇa sidhmādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 2, 97.]

1) eine artige Rede, m. [Medinīkoṣa ṭ. 13.] n. [Die Uṇādi-Affixe 1. 3, Scholiast] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 2, 19.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 264.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 89.] m. = varṇana Lob [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 96.] caṭukāra als Erklärung von catura geschickt, verschmitzt [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 553.] Vgl. cāṭu, cāru . Nach [WILSON] m. auch: scream, screech.

2) Bauch, m. [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 96.] [Medinīkoṣa Nalopākhyāna] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] —

3) eine Art Sitz bei den Asketen, m. [Medinīkoṣa Nalopākhyāna] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] darbhacaṭum [GOBH. 3, 6, 19.]

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Cāṭu (चाटु):—m. n. freundliche Worte, Schmeichelworte [Die Uṇādi-Affixe 1, 3.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 2, 19.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 264.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 89.] [Medinīkoṣa ṭ. 13.] cāṭūni kurvan [Amaruśataka 83.] brūṣe na cāṭuṃ mṛṣā (kuraṅga) [Śihlana’s Śāntiśataka 1, 14.] priyaḥ priyāyāḥ prakaroti cāṭum [Ṛtusaṃhāra 6, 14.] cāṭavaḥ kaṭavaḥ [Pañcatantra I, 191.] kurvaṃścāṭusahasrāṇi avyaktakalayā girā [Harivaṃśa 1144.] gajapuṃgavastu dhīraṃ vilokayati cāṭuśataiśca bhuṅkte [Bhartṛhari 2, 26.] [Pañcatantra 38, 22. 264, 5.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 1, 26.] [Caurapañcāśikā 24.] [Gītagovinda 2, 12. 10, 9.] [Sāhityadarpana 48, 5.] vacana [Gītagovinda 11, 2.] cāṭūkti [Hārāvalī 149.] [ŚUK. 44, 5.] ein lieblicher Laut: puṭakaiścāṭusītkṛtaiḥ [Rājataraṅgiṇī 1, 213.] = sphuṭavādin deutlich sprechend [UṆĀDIVṚ. im SAṂKṢIPTAS. Śabdakalpadruma] cāṭu als indecl. im gaṇa cādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 4, 57.] — Vgl. caṭu .

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Caṭu (चटु):—

1) [Śiśupālavadha 4, 6.] racitacaṭuśatam [BĀLARĀM.] bei [UJJVAL.] zu [Uṇādisūtra 1, 3.] caṭūpamā eine in einem Gleichniss ausgesprochene Artigkeit [kāvyādarśa 2, 35.]

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Catu (चतु):—nach dem Comm. angeblich adj. = caturtha [Taittirīyāraṇyaka 1, 8, 10]; es ist jedoch offenbar Entstellung aus ca tam .

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Cāṭu (चाटु):—, cakara ca kila cāṭu (bahucāṭūn bei [UJJVAL.] zu [Uṇādisūtra 1, 3]) prauḍhayoṣidvadasya [Śiśupālavadha 11, 39. 10, 37.] cāṭvartham so v. a. um ihr etwas Liebes zu erweisen [Kathāsaritsāgara 72, 246. Z. 2] [Śihlana’s Śāntiśataka 1, 14] [?(Spr. 2394)] hat die v.l. cāṭūn. cāṭuḥ piciṇḍe ca nutau cāṭurālāpatatsama (so ist zu lesen, ālāpa hat auch die Hdschr.) ityutpalinīkośaḥ [UJJVAL. a. a. O.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Caṭu (चटु):—(*m. n.) —

1) eine Artigkeit , Liebenswürdigkeit.

2) *Geschrei.

3) *Bauch.

4) *eine Art Sitz bei den Asketen.

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Catu (चतु):—Adj. der vierte [Taittirīyāraṇyaka 1,8,4.]

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Cāṭu (चाटु):——

1) m. n. — a) Sg. und Pl. etwas Artiges , — Gefälliges [Kād. (1872) 2,107,3.] [Harṣacarita 220,17.] cāṭvartham so v.a. um — etwas Liebes zu erweisen. — b) *Bauch.

2) Adj. — a) angenehm (?) [Rājataraṃgiṇī 1,213.] — b) *deutlich redend.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Cāṭu (चाटु):—(nm) flattery, adulation, false praise.

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