Shringataka, Śṛṅgāṭaka, Śṛṅgāṭakā, Shrimgataka: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Shringataka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śṛṅgāṭaka and Śṛṅgāṭakā can be transliterated into English as Srngataka or Shringataka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Shringataka in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Śṛṅgāṭaka (शृङ्गाटक) is a Sanskrit word possibly referring to Trapa natans, a plant species in the Lythraceae family. Certain plant parts of Tarūṭa are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. Note that Trapa natans and Trapa bispinosa are synonyms.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Śṛṅgāṭaka (शृङ्गाटक) refers to a type of fruit-bearing plant, according to the Mahābhārata Anuśāsanaparva 53.19 , and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—We can see the description of flowering and fruit bearing plants in Ṛgveda. But we come across the specific names of them only in the later Saṃhita and Brāhmaṇa literature. [...] From the epics, we know that the hermits generally lived on fruits, roots and tubers. Mahābhārata the commonly used fruits are kāsmarya, iṅguda, śṛṅgāṭaka, bhallātaka (marking nut), the fruits of plakṣa (fig tree), aśvattha (pipal tree), vibhītaka (fruit of Terminallia) and pīlu (Salvadora persica).

Śṛṅgāṭaka refers to Trapa bispinosa (synonym of Trapa natans?) and is mentioned in a list of potential causes for indigestion in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., śṛṅgāṭaka (Trapa bispinosa)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., bhadramusta (a kind of cyperus)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Śṛṅgāṭaka (शृङ्गाटक) refers to the medicinal plant Trapa bispinosa Roxb. Syn. Trapa natans L. var. bispinosa Roxb., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the Ayurvedic Formulary of India (as well as the Pharmacopoeia).—Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal. The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Śṛṅgāṭaka] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

The plant plant Trapa bispinosa Roxb. Syn. Trapa natans L. var. bispinosa Roxb. (Śṛṅgāṭaka) is known as Śṛṅgārapatra according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Shringataka in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Śṛṅgāṭaka (शृङ्गाटक).—1. Arrow. 2. Height of an arc or segment of a circle. Note: Śṛṅgāṭaka is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Shringataka in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Śṛṅgāṭakā (शृङ्गाटका) is the name of the Cave associated with Oḍḍiyāna, one the eight Sacred Seats (pīṭha), according to the Yogakhaṇḍa (chapter 14) of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: Singhi Jain Series: Ratnaprabha-suri’s Kuvalayamala-katha (history)

Śṛṅgāṭaka (शृङ्गाटक) refers to a type of necklace commonly found in the Sleeping chamber (of young ladies) in Ancient India, as depicted in the Kathās (narrative poems) such as Uddyotanasūri in his 8th-century Kuvalayamālā (a Prakrit Campū, similar to Kāvya poetry).—The Kuvalayamala (779 A.D.) is full of cultural material which gains in value because of the firm date of its composition. [...] Page 83.3-9: Here is the description of the house or the sleeping chambers of young ladies which were beautified for the reception of their husbands. The select items in this list are as follows: [e.g., putting on the śṛṅgāṭaka and valakkhala necklaces and round earrings ornaments;] [...]

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shringataka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śṛṅgāṭaka (शृङ्गाटक).—A mountain with three peaks.

-kam 1 A place where four roads meet; तां शून्यशृङ्गाटकवेश्मरथ्यां (tāṃ śūnyaśṛṅgāṭakaveśmarathyāṃ) Rām.2.71.45; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 4.68.25; इमां शृङ्गाटकस्थां विटसभां प्रविशामि (imāṃ śṛṅgāṭakasthāṃ viṭasabhāṃ praviśāmi) Avimāraka 3; Bhāgavata 9.1.17.

2) A kind of pastry.

3) A door; 'शृङ्गाटकं भवेद् द्वारि कण्टके च चतुष्पथे (śṛṅgāṭakaṃ bhaved dvāri kaṇṭake ca catuṣpathe)' इति मेदिनी (iti medinī) Bhāgavata 8.15.16.

Derivable forms: śṛṅgāṭakaḥ (शृङ्गाटकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śṛṅgāṭaka (शृङ्गाटक).—n.

(-kaṃ) 1. A place where four roads meet. 2. An aquatic plant, (Trapa bispinosa.) 3. A door. m.

(-kaḥ) A collection or mountain of three peaks. E. kan added to the preceding.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śṛṅgāṭaka (शृङ्गाटक).—[substantive] triangle, a triangular place or a place where three roads meet.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śṛṅgāṭaka (शृङ्गाटक):—[from śṛṅga] m. Name of various plants (Trapa Bispinosa etc. = śṛṅgāṭa), [Mahābhārata; Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā; Bhāvaprakāśa]

2) [v.s. ...] a mountain having three peaks, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a mountain (= śṛṅgāṭa), [Kālikā-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] mn. (ifc. f(akā and> ikā). ) a place where four (or several) roads meet, crossway, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] mn. (in [anatomy]) = śṛṅgāṭa, [Suśruta]

6) [v.s. ...] (in [astronomy]) a [particular] configuration of the planets (when all of them are in the 1st, 5th, and 9th asterisms), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

7) [v.s. ...] n. a kind of pastry or minced meat etc. (called Samūsā in Hindi), [Bhāvaprakāśa]

8) [v.s. ...] a door, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śṛṅgāṭaka (शृङ्गाटक):—(kaṃ) 1. n. Idem; a door, m. Mountain of three peaks.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shringataka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shringataka in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śṛṃgāṭaka (ಶೃಂಗಾಟಕ):—

1) [noun] = ಶೃಂಗಾಟ [shrimgata].

2) [noun] the place between two eye-brows, just above the root of the nose.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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