Shringataka, Śṛṅgāṭaka: 10 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Shringataka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śṛṅgāṭaka can be transliterated into English as Srngataka or Shringataka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Shringataka in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Śṛṅgāṭaka (शृङ्गाटक) is a Sanskrit word possibly referring to Trapa natans, a plant species in the Lythraceae family. Certain plant parts of Tarūṭa are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. Note that Trapa natans and Trapa bispinosa are synonyms.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Śṛṅgāṭaka (शृङ्गाटक) refers to a type of fruit-bearing plant, according to the Mahābhārata Anuśāsanaparva 53.19 , and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—We can see the description of flowering and fruit bearing plants in Ṛgveda. But we come across the specific names of them only in the later Saṃhita and Brāhmaṇa literature. [...] From the epics, we know that the hermits generally lived on fruits, roots and tubers. Mahābhārata the commonly used fruits are kāsmarya, iṅguda, śṛṅgāṭaka, bhallātaka (marking nut), the fruits of plakṣa (fig tree), aśvattha (pipal tree), vibhītaka (fruit of Terminallia) and pīlu (Salvadora persica).

Śṛṅgāṭaka refers to Trapa bispinosa (synonym of Trapa natans?) and is mentioned in a list of potential causes for indigestion in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., śṛṅgāṭaka (Trapa bispinosa)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., bhadramusta (a kind of cyperus)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Śṛṅgāṭaka (शृङ्गाटक) refers to the medicinal plant Trapa bispinosa Roxb. Syn. Trapa natans L. var. bispinosa Roxb., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the Ayurvedic Formulary of India (as well as the Pharmacopoeia).—Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal. The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Śṛṅgāṭaka] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

The plant plant Trapa bispinosa Roxb. Syn. Trapa natans L. var. bispinosa Roxb. (Śṛṅgāṭaka) is known as Śṛṅgārapatra according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Shringataka in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Śṛṅgāṭaka (शृङ्गाटक).—1. Arrow. 2. Height of an arc or segment of a circle. Note: Śṛṅgāṭaka is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shringataka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śṛṅgāṭaka (शृङ्गाटक).—A mountain with three peaks.

-kam 1 A place where four roads meet; तां शून्यशृङ्गाटकवेश्मरथ्यां (tāṃ śūnyaśṛṅgāṭakaveśmarathyāṃ) Rām.2.71.45; Mb.4.68.25; इमां शृङ्गाटकस्थां विटसभां प्रविशामि (imāṃ śṛṅgāṭakasthāṃ viṭasabhāṃ praviśāmi) Avimāraka 3; Bhāg.9.1.17.

2) A kind of pastry.

3) A door; 'शृङ्गाटकं भवेद् द्वारि कण्टके च चतुष्पथे (śṛṅgāṭakaṃ bhaved dvāri kaṇṭake ca catuṣpathe)' इति मेदिनी (iti medinī) Bhāg.8.15.16.

Derivable forms: śṛṅgāṭakaḥ (शृङ्गाटकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śṛṅgāṭaka (शृङ्गाटक).—n.

(-kaṃ) 1. A place where four roads meet. 2. An aquatic plant, (Trapa bispinosa.) 3. A door. m.

(-kaḥ) A collection or mountain of three peaks. E. kan added to the preceding.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śṛṅgāṭaka (शृङ्गाटक).—[substantive] triangle, a triangular place or a place where three roads meet.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śṛṅgāṭaka (शृङ्गाटक):—[from śṛṅga] m. Name of various plants (Trapa Bispinosa etc. = śṛṅgāṭa), [Mahābhārata; Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā; Bhāvaprakāśa]

2) [v.s. ...] a mountain having three peaks, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a mountain (= śṛṅgāṭa), [Kālikā-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] mn. (ifc. f(akā and> ikā). ) a place where four (or several) roads meet, crossway, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] mn. (in [anatomy]) = śṛṅgāṭa, [Suśruta]

6) [v.s. ...] (in [astronomy]) a [particular] configuration of the planets (when all of them are in the 1st, 5th, and 9th asterisms), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

7) [v.s. ...] n. a kind of pastry or minced meat etc. (called Samūsā in Hindi), [Bhāvaprakāśa]

8) [v.s. ...] a door, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śṛṅgāṭaka (शृङ्गाटक):—(kaṃ) 1. n. Idem; a door, m. Mountain of three peaks.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Śṛṅgāṭaka (शृङ्गाटक):—(von śṛṅgāṭa)

1) m. Trapa bispinosa (n. die Nuss) [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 4, 38.] [Medinīkoṣa k. 218.] [Suśruta 1, 80, 14. 156, 21. 225, 2. 15. 238, 8. 377, 18. 2, 32, 3.] [Śārṅgadhara SAṂH. 3, 8, 30.] [Mahābhārata 13, 4366.] nibho bhijit [WEBER, Nakṣ. 2, 391], N. Asteracantha longifolia Nees. [Ratnamālā 8.] —

2) Dreieck [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 34, 5. 80, 9. 17.] [Mahābhārata 6, 3863.] —

3) m. n. ein Platz, in den mehrere (nach Einigen vier) Wege münden; Kreuzweg [Amarakoṣa 2, 1, 17.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Halāyudha 2, 134.] [Vyutpatti oder Mahāvyutpatti 132.] śṛṅgāṭakeṣu sarveṣu samākhyātu jayaṃ mama [Mahābhārata 4, 2186.] [Rāmāyaṇa] [Gorresio 2, 73, 31.] [NĪTIRATNA 1] bei [Kāvya-Saṅgraha S. 512.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 8, 15, 16. 9, 10, 17] (am Ende eines adj. comp. f. śṛṅgāṭakā!). [10, 41, 21.] [Pañcatantra ed. orn. 3, 8] (neben catuṣpatha). [Oxforder Handschriften 339], b, [26. fg.] śṛṅgāṭikā f. dass. [Daśakumāracarita 108, 13.] —

4) n. in der Anatomie Verbindungen von Gefässen in Nase, Ohr, Auge, Zunge; = sirāmukhānāṃ śiraso madhye saṃyogasthānam [Bhāvaprakāśa 2.] [Suśruta 1, 340, 21. 345, 13. 346, 6. 2, 352, 13.] —

5) n. Bez. einer best. Configuration der Planeten [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 20, 2.] [ 36.] in der Horeskopie Bez. einer best. Constellation, wenn nämlich alle Planeten in den Häusern 1, 5 und 9 stehen, [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka 12, 4. 13.] —

6) n. ein best. Gericht [Bhāvaprakāśa im Śabdakalpadruma] —

7) m. Nomen proprium eines Berges in Kāmākhyā [Kalikāpurāṇa 82 im Śabdakalpadruma] unter śṛṅgāṭa . —

8) n. a door und a collection or mountain of three peaks [WILSON] nach [ŚABDĀRTHAK.] — Vgl. graha, vana .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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