Bhru, Bhrū: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Bhru means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Bhrū (भ्रू) refers to the “eyebrows”. It is one of the six minor limbs (upāṅga) used in dramatic performance, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. These gestures of the eyebrows (bhrū) are performed in accordance with the corresponding gestures of the eyeballs (tārā) and the eyelids (puṭa). These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

The following are the seven gestures of the eyebrows (bhrū):

  1. utkṣepa (raising),
  2. pātana (lowering),
  3. bhrukuṭī (knitting),
  4. catura (clever),
  5. kuñcita (contracted),
  6. recita (moving)
  7. sahaja (natural).
Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)

Bhrū (भ्रू, “eyebrows”) refers to one of the twelve “subsidiary limbs” (upāṅga), which represents a division of Āṅgikābhinaya (gesture language of the limbs) as used within the classical tradition of Indian dance and performance, also known as Bharatanatyam.—Āṅgika-abhinaya is the gesture language of the limbs. Dance is an art that expresses itself through the medium of body, and therefore, āṅgikābhinaya is essential for any dance and especially for any classical dance of India. Upāṅgas or the subsidiary limbs consist of the eyes, the eye-brows [viz., Bhrū], pupils, cheeks, nose, jaws, lips, teeth, tongue, chin, face, and the head.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Bhrū (भ्रू) refers to the “(middle of the) eyebrows”, where Satī fixed the udāna-wind while in a yogic trance, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.30. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] having sipped water duly, covering up her body entirely with her cloth she closed her eyes and remembered her lord. She then entered the yogic trance. Keeping her face steady she balanced the winds Prāṇa and Apāna [i.e., prāṇāpāna]. She then lifted up the wind Udāna from the umbilical region, stabilised it in the cardiac region took it through the throat and finally fixed it in the middle of the eyebrows (bhrū). She desired to cast-off her body due to her anger with Dakṣa. She desired to burn off the body and retain the pure wind by yogic means. In this posture she remembered the feet of her lord and nothing else”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Bhrū (भ्रू) refers to the “eyebrows”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] (6) The Wheel of the Command is between the eyebrows [i.e., bhrū]. It is a fire in the form of a Point. In the middle of it is the seed of power (śaktibīja), red like vermilion. [...] (Perfect) contemplation (samādhi) is with (these) sixteen aspects and is (attained) within the form of the sixfold deposition (ṣoḍhānyāsa). He who knows this is (a veritable) Lord of Yogis, the others (who do not) are (just) quoting from books. Once attained the plane that is Void and Non-void, the yogi is freed from bondage”.

2) Bhrū (भ्रू) refers to the “eyebrows”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “[...] What is located in the sequence of the sacred seats is in the midst of Dakṣa and the rest (in the heart) above the navel. One should know (this), the Śāmbhava state, by means of the teaching from the teacher’s mouth. One should worship (the sacred seats in the order listed above) in the same way, in the ear, mouth, nose, and above the eyebrows [i.e., bhrūbhruvordhve] (respectively)”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Bhrū (भ्रू) refers to the “eye-brows”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “We shall now proceed to give a brief description of (the qualifications of) a jyotiṣaka. He must be of noble birth and of agreeable appearance; meek, truthful and without jealousy; of proportional limbs; of joints well built and of good growth; have no physical defects; be of fine hands, feet, nails, eyes, chin, teeth, ears, forehead, eye-brows [i.e., bhrū] and head; of fine physique and of high, sonorous voice”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Bhru (भ्रु) refers to the “brows”, according to Bāṇa’s Kādambarī (p. 225-226).—Accordingly, while describing the shire of the Goddess Caṇḍikā, “[Then follows the image of the Goddess Caṇḍikā, which matches the conception of Kālarātri in the passage from the Mahābhārata:] [...] she bore the coquettish apparel of a woman going out to meet Mahākāla at night, with a vine-like body furnished with a raiment reddened with saffron-dye, with a face with red eyes, whose brows were furrowed into a frown (bhṛkuṭi-kuṭila-bhru), whose lip was crimsoned with betel that was blood, whose cheeks were reddened by the light shed from ear-ornaments of pomegranate flowers, with a forehead on which there was a tilaka dot of vermillion made by a Śabara beauty, covered by a magnificent gold turban. She was worshipped by goats... mice... antelope and black serpents... She was praised on all sides by flocks of old crows; [...]”.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Bhrū (भ्रू) is the name of Vidyārājñī (i.e., “wisdom queen”) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Bhrū).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhrū (भ्रू).—f (S) An eye-brow. bhrūbhaṅga m Frowning or a frown.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhrū (भ्रू).—f An eyebrow.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhrū (भ्रू).—f. [bhram-ḍū Uṇādi-sūtra 2.68] Brow, eyebrow; कान्तिर्भ्रुवोरायतलेखयोर्या (kāntirbhruvorāyatalekhayoryā) Kumārasambhava 1.47; विवर्तितभ्रूरियमद्य शिक्षते (vivartitabhrūriyamadya śikṣate)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhrū (भ्रू).—f.

(-bhrūḥ) An eye-brow. E. bhram to round, Unadi aff. ḍu .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhrū (भ्रू).—f. An eyebrow, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 52, 23.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhrū (भ्रू).—[feminine] brow (adj. —° bhru, bhrū & bhrūka, cf. also [preceding]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhrū (भ्रू):—f. ([according to] to [Uṇādi-sūtra ii, 68 fr.] √bhram) an eyebrow, the brow, [Ṛg-veda]; etc. (ifc. m. (u or ū) n (u). ; also -bhrūka).

2) cf. [Greek] ὀ-φρύς; [Slavonic or Slavonian] brŭvĭ; [Anglo-Saxon] bru; [English] brow.

3) Bhru (भ्रु):—[from bhrū] in [compound] for bhrū (cf. [Pāṇini 6-3, 61], [vArttika] 3, [Patañjali])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhrū (भ्रू):—(bhrūḥ) 3. f. The eyebrow.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bhrū (भ्रू) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Bhamayā, Bhamuha, Bhamuhā, Bhuma, Bhumagā, Bhumayā, Bhumā, Bhū.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhru in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Bhrū (भ्रू):—(nm) an eyebrow; ~[bhaṃga/bhaṃgimā] attractive movement or contraction of eyebrows, a twist of the eyebrows; frown; ~[madhya] middle of the eyebrows; -[vikṣepa] frowning; scowling; -[vilāsa] amorous movement of the eyebrows; frowning, scowling.

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