Bhringaraja, Bhṛṅgarāja, Bhringa-raja, Bhrimgaraja: 22 definitions


Bhringaraja means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Bhṛṅgarāja can be transliterated into English as Bhrngaraja or Bhringaraja, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Bhringaraja in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Bhṛṅgarāja (भृङ्गराज).—A bird;1 a god to be worshipped before building houses and palaces.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 36. 2.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 219. 19; 253. 25; 268. 14.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Bhringaraja in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Bhṛṅgarāja (भृङ्गराज) is a Sanskrit word referring to “false daisy”, a species of plant from the Asteraceae (sunflower) family of flowering plants. It can also be spelled as Bhṛṅgaraja (भृङ्गरज), and in the Hindi language it is known as Bhāṅgrā or Bhāṅgarā. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. The official botanical name is Eclipta alba (synonym: Eclipta prostrata) but it is commonly referred to in English as the “Trailing eclipta”. The literal translation of Bhṛṅgarāja is “bee-king”. It is composed of the words Bhṛṅga (“bee”) and Rāja (“king”).

According to the Mādhavacikitsā (7th century Ayurvedic work), the plant (Bhṛṅgarāja) is mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) chapter.

2) Bhṛṅgarāja (भृङ्गराज) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “king bird of Paradisc”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Bhṛṅgarāja is part of the sub-group named Pratuda, refering to animals “who eat while striking”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Source: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Bhṛṅgarāja (भृङ्गराज)—Sanskrit word for a bird corresponding to “racket-tailed drongo” (Dicrurus sp.). This animal is from the group called Pratuda (which peck). Pratuda itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

Source: Science And Technology In Medievel India (Ayurveda)

Bhṛṅgarāja (भृङ्गराज) or Bhṛṅgarājakalpa is the name of a chapter of the Kalpacintāmaṇi.—The work is mentioned in A. Rahman’s Science and Technology in Medievel India: A bibliography of source materials in Sanskrit, Arabic and Persian.—Ancient and medieval India produced a wide range of scientific manuscripts and major contributions lie in the field of medicine, astronomy and mathematics, besides covering encyclopedic glossaries and technical dictionaries.—Bhṛṅgarāja-kalpa and other chapters of the the Kalpacintāmaṇi (also known as Kalpasāgara) deal with sorcery and preparation of patent medicines.

Source: Namah Journal: An overview of certain Āyurvedic herbs in the management of viral hepatitis

Bhṛṅgarājā (भृङ्गराजा) refers to the medicinal plant known as Eclipta alba, Linn. Hassk., and is employed in the treatment of Kāmala.—Among the single and compound preparations described in Āyurveda for the treatment of kāmala, some of the drugs have been found to be effective. A scientific study of the drugs [viz., Bhṛṅgarājā] was carried out and significant response observed.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Bhṛṅgarāja (भृङ्गराज) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Eclipta prostrata (Linn.) Linn.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning bhṛṅgarāja] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Bhṛṅgarāja (भृङ्गराज) is another name for (the white variety of) Mārkava, a medicinal plant identified with Eclipta alba Hassk. or Eclipta erecta which is a synonym of Eclipta prostrata L. from the Asteraceae or “aster” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.138-141 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Bhṛṅgarāja and Mārkava, there are a total of twenty  Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant. Note: Bāpālāl puts forth another foreign variety of Bhṛṅgarāja—i.e., Tridax procumbens Linn. (cf., Nighaṇṭu-ādarśa pt.-I, p. 769).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Bhringaraja in Shaktism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Bhṛṅgarāja (भृङ्गराज) refers to one of the 53 gods to be worshipped in the southern quarter and given pāyasa (rice boiled in milk) according to the Vāstuyāga rite in Śaktism (cf. Śāradātilaka-tantra III-V). The worship of these 53 gods happens after assigning them to one of the 64 compartment while constructing a Balimaṇḍapa. Vāstu is the name of a prodigious demon, who was killed by 53 gods (e.g., Bhṛṅgarāja).

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Bhringaraja in Hinduism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Bhṛṅgarāja is a herb used in Ayurvedic medicine commonly known as Eclipta alba.

Source: Kamaratna Tantra

Bhṛṅgarāja (भृङ्गराज).—The root of Bhringarāja (Eclipta prostrata) and ashes of cowdung are made into a paste with water, over which the Chāmundā mantra is recited one hundred and eight times; if a mark is put on the forehead with this paste, then everybody is subdued.

Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Bhringaraja in Biology glossary
Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Bhrngaraja in India is the name of a plant defined with Coccinia grandis in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Physedra gracilis A. Chev. (among others).

2) Bhrngaraja is also identified with Eclipta alba It has the synonym Cotula prostata L. (etc.).

3) Bhrngaraja is also identified with Sphagneticola calendulacea It has the synonym Seruneum calendulaceum (L.) Kuntze (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Revisio Generum Plantarum (1891)
· Smithsonian Contributions to Botany (1981)
· Proceedings of the Indian Science Congress Association (1993)
· Systema Vegetabilium (1826)
· Cytologia (1991)
· Glimpses in Plant Research (1992)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Bhrngaraja, for example diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, side effects, health benefits, chemical composition, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhringaraja in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhṛṅgarāja (भृंगराज).—m (S) pop. bhṛṅgirāja m A shrub, Verbesina prostrata. Rox. Eclipta prostrata. Linn. 2 A bird, Lanius malabaricus.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhṛṅgarāja (भृंगराज).—m The humble bee.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhringaraja in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhṛṅgarāja (भृङ्गराज).—

1) see भृङ्गराज् (bhṛṅgarāj).

2) Name of a bird; शुकशारिका भृङ्गराजो वा सर्पविषशङ्कायां क्रोशति (śukaśārikā bhṛṅgarājo vā sarpaviṣaśaṅkāyāṃ krośati) Kau. A.1.2.17; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.327.4.

Derivable forms: bhṛṅgarājaḥ (भृङ्गराजः).

Bhṛṅgarāja is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bhṛṅga and rāja (राज).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhṛṅgarāja (भृङ्गराज).—m.

(-jaḥ) 1. A spreading shrub, (Eclipta or Verbesina prostrata, or perhaps more properly, Verbesina scandens.) 2. A sort of bird, apparently the variety of shrike termed Malabar, (Lanius malabaricus.) 3. The humble bee. 4. A particular sacrifice. E. bhṛṅga a bee, and rāj to shine, aff. ac; or with rajas dust, bhṛṅgarajas and with rājan shining, ruling, bhṛṅgharājan m. (-jā.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhṛṅgarāja (भृङ्गराज).—m. 1. a sort of bird (Lanius malabaricus), [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 52, 18. 2. the humble bee. 3. a sort of shrub. 4. a particular sacrifice.

Bhṛṅgarāja is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bhṛṅga and rāja (राज).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhṛṅgaraja (भृङ्गरज):—[=bhṛṅga-raja] [from bhṛṅga] ([Bhāvaprakāśa]) ([Suśruta; Caraka etc.]) m. Eclipta Prostrata.

2) Bhṛṅgarāja (भृङ्गराज):—[=bhṛṅga-rāja] [from bhṛṅga] m. ‘bee-king’, a species of large bee, the humble bee, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] the fork-tailed shrike, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Suśruta] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] Eclipta Prostrata, [Suśruta; Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā]

5) [v.s. ...] Wedelia Calendulacea, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a tutelary deity, [Varāha-mihira; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

7) [v.s. ...] a kind of oblation or sacrifice, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhṛṅgarāja (भृङ्गराज):—[bhṛṅga-rāja] (jaḥ) 1. m. Idem; a shrike; a bee; a particular sacrifice.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bhṛṅgaraja (भृङ्गरज) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Bhaṃgaraya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhringaraja in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhringaraja in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bhṛṃgarāja (ಭೃಂಗರಾಜ):—

1) [noun] the plant Eclipta prostrata ( = E. alba) of Asteraceae family.

2) [noun] a kind of large bumblebee.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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