Bhritaka, Bhṛtaka: 11 definitions


Bhritaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Bhṛtaka can be transliterated into English as Bhrtaka or Bhritaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Bhṛtaka (भृतक) refers to one of the sixteen varieties of “rats” (Ākhu or Mūṣika), according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—The Kāśyapasaṃhitā seems to consider rat poison as the next powerful one, seriously affecting human beings. Kāśyapa gives antidotes for the 16 varieties of rats (e.g., Bhṛtaka). The author follows this up with certain general instructions in tackling poisons.

Symptoms of Bhṛtaka: Lack of appetite or tastelessness, sleep, headache, feeling of heaviness, heat, desire for heat and frequent urination.

Treatment (Antidote) of Bhṛtaka: Gruel of Pāṭalī removes pain. Latex/exudation of Aṅkola and ghee must be given as a drink. A measure of the bark of Aṅkola must be made into paste and consumed. Inhalation of fumigation of the bark of Piccha, Uraga and Aṅkola. The same can be taken with lentils.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhṛtaka (भृतक).—a. [bhṛtaṃ bharaṇaṃ vetanamupajīvati kan]

1) Nourished; कैकेय्या न वयं राज्ये भृतका हि वसेमहि (kaikeyyā na vayaṃ rājye bhṛtakā hi vasemahi) Rām.2.48.23.

2) Hired, paid.

-kaḥ A hired servant; ...... द्वादशमंशं भृतकः (dvādaśamaṃśaṃ bhṛtakaḥ) Kau. A.2.8.26; रक्षेत भृतकोऽरण्ये यथा गास्तादृगेव सः (rakṣeta bhṛtako'raṇye yathā gāstādṛgeva saḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3. 33.24.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhṛtaka (भृतक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A hired labourer. 2. A servant. E. bhṛta hired, kan added.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhṛtaka (भृतक).—[bhṛta + ka] (see bhṛ), 1. m. A servant, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 45. 2. (n.) Wages, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 156 (or ‘Hired’).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhṛtaka (भृतक).—[adjective] hired, paid; [masculine] a hired servant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhṛtaka (भृतक):—[from bhṛ] mfn. brought, fetched (See drāg-bh)

2) [v.s. ...] mfn. hired, receiving wages

3) [v.s. ...] m. a hired labourer, servant, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhṛtaka (भृतक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A hired labourer, a servant.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bhṛtaka (भृतक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Bhayaka, Bhayaga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhritaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bhṛtaka (ಭೃತಕ):—

1) [adjective] nourished; fostered; helped to sustain.

2) [adjective] working or done for payment only; a mercenary.

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Bhṛtaka (ಭೃತಕ):—[noun] any man who will work for money; a labour; a mercenary; a coolie; a servant.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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