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Bheri, aka: Bherī; 6 Definition(s)


Bheri means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

In Hinduism

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Bherī (भेरी) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to a musical instrument, first mentioned in Nāṭyaśāstra 4.253, after Śiva danced using Recakas and Aṅgahāras, and Pārvatī performed a ‘gentle dance’.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

about this context:

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).


Bherī (भेरी): a Musical Instrument.—It is not mentioned in the Ṛgveda. But the Jātakas mention it. In the Rāmāyaṇa its use is found in the military band, i.e., as a trumpet. In the Mahābhārata, too, it is frequently mentioned. The Vāyu-purāṇa sets it in connection with Śiva-worship and does not show its use in war.

Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

Bheri (भेरि).—Drums beaten in rituals for tank digging;1 a warmusical instrument;2 sounded by the Asuras and Devas in the battle of Tripuram;3 a call to arms;4 in the Tārakāmaya.5 in Rāma's abhiṣecana.6

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 58. 22.
  • 2) Ib. 135. 83; Vāyu-purāṇa 37. 12; 40. 24.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 136. 27, 53.
  • 4) Ib. 148. 39.
  • 5) Ib. 149. 2; 177. 24.
  • 6) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 99.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

about this context:

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism


Bheri, (f.) (cp. Epic Sk. bherī) a kettle-drum (of large size; DhsA. 319 distinguishes 2 kinds: mahā° & paṭaha°) D. I, 79; A. II, 185; Vv 8110; J. VI, 465; DhA. I, 396; Sdhp. 429.—issara° the drum of the ruler or lord J. I, 283; paṭaha° kettle-drum Dpvs 16, 14; DhsA. 319; PvA. 4; yāma° (—velāya) (at the time) when the drum sounds the watch J. V, 459.—bheriṃ vādeti to sound the drum J. I, 283.—bheriyo vādentā (pl.) beating (lit. making sound) the drums J. II, 110. bheriñ carāpeti to make the drum go round, i.e. to proclaim by beat of drum J. V, 41; VI, 10.

—caraṇa the carrying round of the drum (in proclamations), in cpds. °magga the proclamation road DhA. II, 43; & °vīthi id. DhA. II, 45.—tala the head of the drum Vism. 489 (in comparison); VbhA. 80 (id.).—paṇava drum & tabor (in battle) A. II, 117.—vāda drum-sound, fig. for a loud voice PvA. 89 (bherivādena akkosati rails like drum).—vādaka a drummer J. I, 283.—saññā sign of the drum DhA. I, 396.—sadda sound of the drum J. I, 283. (Page 509)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

bheri : (f.) a drum.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

about this context:

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

General definition (in Buddhism)

A female ascetic who was often invited to the palace of King Videha, where she heard of the wisdom of Mahosadha and wished to meet him. One day she met him on her way to the palace and questioned him by means of dumb signs, to which Mahosadha replied in the same way. Queen Nandas confidantes saw this, and reported to the king that Mahosadha and Bheri were conspiring to kill him. But the king questioned each of the two separately, and, satisfied with their innocence, appointed Mahosadha commander in chief (J.vi.467f).

Bheri is identified with Uppalavanna (J.vi.478).

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

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Relevant text

Search found 7 books containing Bheri or Bherī. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

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