Bheri, Bherī: 17 definitions

Introduction

Bheri means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

Bherī (भेरी): a Musical Instrument.—It is not mentioned in the Ṛgveda. But the Jātakas mention it. In the Rāmāyaṇa its use is found in the military band, i.e., as a trumpet. In the Mahābhārata, too, it is frequently mentioned. The Vāyu-purāṇa sets it in connection with Śiva-worship and does not show its use in war.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Bheri (भेरि).—Drums beaten in rituals for tank digging;1 a warmusical instrument;2 sounded by the Asuras and Devas in the battle of Tripuram;3 a call to arms;4 in the Tārakāmaya.5 in Rāma's abhiṣecana.6

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 58. 22.
  • 2) Ib. 135. 83; Vāyu-purāṇa 37. 12; 40. 24.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 136. 27, 53.
  • 4) Ib. 148. 39.
  • 5) Ib. 149. 2; 177. 24.
  • 6) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 99.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Bherī (भेरी) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.45.25). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Bherī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Bherī (भेरी) refers to a musical instrument, first mentioned in Nāṭyaśāstra 4.253, after Śiva danced using Recakas and Aṅgahāras, and Pārvatī performed a ‘gentle dance’.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: academia.edu: The Yoga of the Mālinīvijayottaratantra

Bherī (भेरी) refers to one of the ten kinds of sounds (śabda) according to the Matsyendrasaṃhitā and the Haṃsa-upaniṣad.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A female ascetic who was often invited to the palace of King Videha, where she heard of the wisdom of Mahosadha and wished to meet him. One day she met him on her way to the palace and questioned him by means of dumb signs, to which Mahosadha replied in the same way. Queen Nandas confidantes saw this, and reported to the king that Mahosadha and Bheri were conspiring to kill him. But the king questioned each of the two separately, and, satisfied with their innocence, appointed Mahosadha commander in chief (J.vi.467f).

Bheri is identified with Uppalavanna (J.vi.478).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

Bherī (भेरी) refers to the “trumpet” and represents one of the five Dundubhis (musical instruments) or Pañcamahāśabda (five musical instruments).—(Cf. Prof. Bhandarkar’s “Jaina Iconography” Ind. Ant., 1911, June.)

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Bherī.—(SITI, ASLV), a musical instrument. Note: bherī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bheri : (f.) a drum.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bheri, (f.) (cp. Epic Sk. bherī) a kettle-drum (of large size; DhsA. 319 distinguishes 2 kinds: mahā° & paṭaha°) D. I, 79; A. II, 185; Vv 8110; J. VI, 465; DhA. I, 396; Sdhp. 429.—issara° the drum of the ruler or lord J. I, 283; paṭaha° kettle-drum Dpvs 16, 14; DhsA. 319; PvA. 4; yāma° (—velāya) (at the time) when the drum sounds the watch J. V, 459.—bheriṃ vādeti to sound the drum J. I, 283.—bheriyo vādentā (pl.) beating (lit. making sound) the drums J. II, 110. bheriñ carāpeti to make the drum go round, i.e. to proclaim by beat of drum J. V, 41; VI, 10.

—caraṇa the carrying round of the drum (in proclamations), in cpds. °magga the proclamation road DhA. II, 43; & °vīthi id. DhA. II, 45.—tala the head of the drum Vism. 489 (in comparison); VbhA. 80 (id.).—paṇava drum & tabor (in battle) A. II, 117.—vāda drum-sound, fig. for a loud voice PvA. 89 (bherivādena akkosati rails like drum).—vādaka a drummer J. I, 283.—saññā sign of the drum DhA. I, 396.—sadda sound of the drum J. I, 283. (Page 509)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhērī (भेरी).—f S A large kind of nagārā or kettledrum.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhērī (भेरी).—f A large kind of kettle-drum.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bheri (भेरि) or Bherī (भेरी).—f. A kettle-drum; ततः शङ्खाश्च भेर्यश्च (tataḥ śaṅkhāśca bheryaśca) Bg.1. 13; रवः प्रगल्भाहतभेरिसंभवः (ravaḥ pragalbhāhatabherisaṃbhavaḥ) Ku.

Derivable forms: bheriḥ (भेरिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bheri (भेरि).—mf. (-riḥ-rī) A kettle-drum. E. bhī to fear, to cause to fear, Unadi aff. krin; otherwise ran aff., and ṅīp added; also bhera.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bheri (भेरि).—bherī, f. A kettledrum, [Pañcatantra] 20, 7; [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 1, 13.

Bheri can also be spelled as Bherī (भेरी).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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