Bheshaja, Bheṣaja, Bheṣāja: 18 definitions


Bheshaja means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Bheṣaja and Bheṣāja can be transliterated into English as Bhesaja or Bheshaja, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Bheshaj.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Science And Technology In Medievel India (Ayurveda)

Bheṣāja (भेषाज) or Bheṣājalakṣaṇa refers to one of the topics dealt with in the Rudradatta, as mentioned in A. Rahman’s Science and Technology in Medievel India: A bibliography of source materials in Sanskrit, Arabic and Persian.—Ancient and medieval India produced a wide range of scientific manuscripts and major contributions lie in the field of medicine, astronomy and mathematics, besides covering encyclopedic glossaries and technical dictionaries.—Bheṣāja-lakṣaṇa and other topics of the the Rudradatta deal with medicine.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Bheṣaja (भेषज) or Bheṣajacatuṣka refers to one of the seven subsections of the Sūtrasthāna of the Carakasaṃhitā which enjoys a prime position among Ayurvedic treatises and is written in the form of advices of the sage Ātreya to the sage Agniveśa. The Carakasaṃhitā contains eight sections [viz., sūtrasthāna]. Sūtrasthāna contains 30 chapters. Of them the first 28 chapters are divided into seven subsections namely catuṣakas [viz., beṣaja-catuṣka].

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Bheṣaja (भेषज):—Medicine

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Bheṣaja (भेषज) refers to “drugs”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 15) (“On the nakṣatras—‘asterisms’”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Those who are born on the lunar day of Mūla will be druggists (bheṣajamūle bheṣajabhiṣajo), heads of men, dealers in flowers, roots, fruits and seeds; will be rich and will delight in garden work. Those who are born on the lunar day of Pūrvāṣāḍha will be of gentle manners; fond of sea-voyage, truthful, cleanly and wealthy; will delight in earth work; will be boatmen; will be dealers in fruits and flowers of water. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Bheṣaja (भेषज) refers to “medicine” (consisting of herbs), according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 6.15cd-20]—“[...] When a man is seen to be afflicted with 100 diseases [and] weak, [he] is released [when the Mantrin] envelops his name [with the mṛtyuñjayamantra] and recites [it]. Any mantra that a wise man should recite, is enveloped by Amṛteśa. This mantra quickly [brings] him success, even if he is without good fortune. [The Mantrin] envelops medicine [consisting of herbs] (bheṣaja) with the Mantra. [He then] gives [the mantra wrapped medicine] to [the person whose] body is weak. At that very moment, his body gains nourishment and [becomes] strong”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhēṣaja (भेषज).—n S A drug, a medicine or medicament.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhēṣaja (भेषज).—n A medicine, a drug. bhēṣajī m A druggist.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bheṣaja (भेषज).—a. [bheṣaṃ rogamayaṃ jayati ji-ḍa Tv.] Making well or healthy, curative.

-jam 1 A medicine, medicament, or drug; नरानम्ब त्रातुं त्वमिह परमं भेषजमसि (narānamba trātuṃ tvamiha paramaṃ bheṣajamasi) G. L.15; अतिवीर्य- वतीव भेषजे बहुरल्पीयसि दृश्यते गुणः (ativīrya- vatīva bheṣaje bahuralpīyasi dṛśyate guṇaḥ) Kirātārjunīya 2.4; व्याधिर्भेषजसंग्रहैश्च (vyādhirbheṣajasaṃgrahaiśca) Bhartṛhari 1.11.

2) A remedy or cure in general.

3) A kind of fennel.

4) Any spell against diseases.

5) Water (Ved.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bheṣaja (भेषज).—n.

(-jaṃ) 1. A remedy, a drug, a medicament. 2. A kind of fennel, (Nigella Indica.) E. bheṣa here interpreted disease, ji to conquer, aff. ḍa; or bhiṣaj a root of a particular class, and ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bheṣaja (भेषज).—i. e. bhiṣaj + a (anomal.), n. 1. A medicine, a drug, a remedy, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 59; [Nala] 9, 30. 2. Help (against, gen.), [Pañcatantra] 184, 19. 3. A kind of fennel, Nigella indica.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bheṣaja (भेषज).—[feminine] ī healthy, sanative; [neuter] a remedy or cure for (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bheṣaja (भेषज):—mf(ī)n. ([from] 1. bhiṣaj) curing, healing, sanative, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa]

2) n. a remedy, medicine, medicament, drug, remedy against ([genitive case] or [compound]), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) a spell or charm for curative purposes (generally from Atharva-veda), [???]

4) water, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska i, 12]

5) Nigella Indica, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bheṣaja (भेषज):—(jaṃ) 1. n. A remedy; fennel.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bheshaja in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bheshaja in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Bheṣaja (भेषज) [Also spelled bheshaj]:—(nf) a drug, medicine; remedy; ~[jīya] medicinal.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Bhesaja (भेसज) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Bhaiṣaja.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bhēṣaja (ಭೇಷಜ):—

1) [noun] a substance or preparation used in the treatment of illness; a medicine.

2) [noun] a means which helps overcome, prevent, avoid something (esp. an evil).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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