Bherandaka, Bheraṇḍaka: 3 definitions

Introduction

Bherandaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (B) next»] — Bherandaka in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bheraṇḍaka : (nt.) the cry of a jackal.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bheraṇḍaka, (cp. *Sk. bheruṇḍa) a jackal J. V, 270; the Nom. probably formed after the Acc. in phrase bheraṇḍakaṃ nadati to cry after the fashion of, or like a jackal A. I, 187. (Page 509)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (B) next»] — Bherandaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bheraṇḍaka (भेरण्डक) or Bheraṇḍa or Bheruṇḍaka.—m. (Pali bheraṇḍaka, jackal acc. to Jāt. comm. v.276.9; the form bheruṇḍa, cited by Burnouf, Lotus 371, is read bheruṇḍaka in our SP, and has, doubtless by chance, not been noted else- where in BHS), some sort of beast of prey which makes a terrible sound (Mv ii.140.15 °ḍa-bhairava [mss. bhīrava, bhīruva]-ruteṣu; iii.123.9; 264.12) and eats human flesh (SP 83.11; 85.13); Tibetan renders variously, on Mvy 4785 spyaṅ (wolf) or ce spyaṅ (jackal, acc. to Das also fox); on SP 83.11 ce spyaṅ, on 85.13 and 86.12 lce spyaṅ (= ce spyaṅ); on LV 306.6 wa (fox, but compare wa spyaṅ, jackal); the word śṛgāla, jackal, is probably a different animal, since it is closely associated with our word in LV 306.6; SP 83.11 and 86.12; in LV, where Tibetan wa renders our word, śṛgāla is rendered by ce spyaṅ, while in the two SP passages the reverse is the case, wa rendering śṛgāla! Kern on SP renders hyena, a plausible guess. Forms: bheraṇḍa Mv ii.140.15; °ḍaka Mv iii.123.9 (both verses); bheruṇḍaka Mvy 4785; Mv iii.264.12 (prose); SP 83.11; 85.13; 86.12 (all verses); LV 306.6 (prose). In Deśīn. 6.108 bheruṇḍa is defined dīvī (= dvīpin; comm. citrakaḥ); the hyena is ‘spotted’, as well as the leopard.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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