Pataha, Paṭaha: 12 definitions

Introduction

Pataha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

Paṭaha (पटह): a Musical Instrument.—It is not mentioned in the Vedas nor in the Jātakas. It is, however, mentioned in the epics. The Vāyu-purāṇa mentions it in the same manner as the Bherī.

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Paṭaha (पटह) refers to a “musical instruments” (a sort of drum) that existed in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—The Nīlamata says that the land of Kaśmīra was thronged with ever-sportive and joyful people enjoying continuous festivities. Living amidst scenes of sylvan beauty they played, danced and sang to express their joys, to mitigate their pains, to please their gods and to appease their demons.

The Nīlamata refers to Paṭaha twice in association with lute. Probably the drum was played upon generally in accompaniment to the lute.

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Paṭaha (पटह) refers to a kind of drum (musical instrument), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.22. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] On the top of the mountain near the city of Himālaya (śailarājapura), Śiva sported about for a long time in the company of Satī. [...] Many kinds of semid-ivine beings the Aśvamukhas, the Siddhas, the Apsaras, the Guhyakas, etc. roamed there. Their women-folk, the Vidyādharīs, the Kinnarīs and the mountain lasses played about here and there. The celestial damsels played on their lutes, tabours and drums (paṭaha) and danced with enthusiasm”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Paṭaha (पटह).—A war musical instrument.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 137. 29; 138. 3.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Paṭaha (पटह) refers to a musical instrument, first mentioned in Nāṭyaśāstra 4.253, after Śiva danced using Recakas and Aṅgahāras, and Pārvatī performed a ‘gentle dance’.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

paṭaha : (m.) a kettle-drum; a wardrum.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Paṭaha, (cp. Epic Sk. paṭaha, dial. ) a kettle-drum, war drum, one of the 2 kinds of drums (bheri) mentioned at DhsA. 319, viz. mahā-bheri & p. -bheri; J. I, 355; Dpvs 16, 14; PvA. 4. (Page 391)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Paṭaha (पटह).—

1) A kettle-drum, a war-drum, drum, tabor; कुर्वन् संध्याबलिपटहतां शूलिनः श्लाघनीयाम् (kurvan saṃdhyābalipaṭahatāṃ śūlinaḥ ślāghanīyām) Me.36; पटुपटह- ध्वनिभिर्विनीतनिद्रः (paṭupaṭaha- dhvanibhirvinītanidraḥ) R.9.71.

2) Beginning, undertaking.

3) Injuring, killing.

Derivable forms: paṭahaḥ (पटहः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṭaha (पटह).—mfn.

(-haḥ-hā-haṃ) A kettle-drum. m.

(-haḥ) 1. A war-drum, or one used in battle. 2. Injury, killing, slaughter. 4. Tumult. E. paṭa imitative sound, to quit or make, aff. ḍa .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṭaha (पटह).—[masculine] ([feminine] ī & [neuter]) kettle-drum, [abstract] [feminine]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Paṭaha (पटह):—m. (rarely n. or f(ī). ) a kettledrum, a war-drum, drum, tabor ([accusative] with √, or [Causal] of √ or √bhram, to proclaim anything by the sound of a drum), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) m. beginning, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) hurting, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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