Bharavi, Bhāravi, Bhāravī: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Bharavi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Bhāravi (भारवि) is another name for Tulasī, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Ocimum tenuiflorum (holy basil), from the Lamiaceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 10.148-149), which is a 13th century medicinal thesaurus.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Bharavi in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Bhāravi (भारवि) is the name of an important person (viz., an Ācārya or Kavi) mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—An eminent poet Sanskrit literature for his Mahākāvya (Epic) Kirātarjunīya. According to Avantīsundarī, his real name was Dāmodara.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Bhāravī (भारवी) is the name of an author of works dealing with prosodoy (chandas or chandaśśāstra) quoted by Kṣemendra (11th century) in his Suvṛttatilaka. The Suvṛttatilaka is a monumental work of Sanskrit prosody in which the author discusses 27 popular metres which were used frequently by the poets (e.g., Bhāravī).

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Bhāravi (भारवि).—A Sanskrit poet who flourished in the 6th century A.D. He is the author of the mahākāvya called Kirātārjunīya. Raghuvaṃśa, Kumārasambhava, Kirātārjunīya, Śiśupālavadha and Naiṣadha are the five Mahākāvyas in Sanskrit with established reputation. In the Ehole records of A.D. 634 Bhāravi is held up in praise along with Kālidāsa.* The theme of Kirātārjunīya is Śiva, in the guise of a hunter, attacking Arjuna immersed in penance. Bhāravi’s literary style is simple and sweet. In the use of similes he is second only to Kālidāsa. Among his books only Kirātārjunīya has been found out yet.

*) Yenāyoji na veśma sthiram arthavidhau vivekinā jinaveśma/ Sa jayatāṃ ravikīrtiḥ kavitāśrita-Kālidāsa-Bhāravikīrtiḥ.//

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhāravi (भारवि).—Name of the author of the Kirātārjunīya; तावद् भा भारवेर्भाति यावन्माघस्य नोदयः । उदिते च पुनर्माघे भारवेर्भा रवेरिव (tāvad bhā bhāraverbhāti yāvanmāghasya nodayaḥ | udite ca punarmāghe bhāraverbhā raveriva) ||; भारवेरर्थगौरवम् (bhāraverarthagauravam) Udb.; कविताश्रितकालिदासभारविकीर्तिः (kavitāśritakālidāsabhāravikīrtiḥ) Samudragupta inscription.

Derivable forms: bhāraviḥ (भारविः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhāravi (भारवि).—m.

(-viḥ) The name of a poet, the author of the Kiratarjuniya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhāravi (भारवि).—m. The name of a poet, Chr. 170, 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhāravi (भारवि).—[masculine] [Name] of a poet.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Bhāravi (भारवि) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—the author of the Kirātārjunīya, is first mentioned in an inscription of 634 A. D.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhāravi (भारवि):—[=bhā-ravi] a m. Name of the author of the Kirātārjunīya (first mentioned in an, [Inscriptions of 634 Apte’s The Practical Sanskrit-English Dictionary.D.])

2) Bhāravī (भारवी):—[from bhārava] f. sacred basil, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Bhāravi (भारवि):—[=bhā-ravi] b See under 2. bhā.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Bhāravi (भारवि):—m. Nomen proprium des Verfassers des Kirātārjunīya [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa.2,7,27.] [Oxforder Handschriften 124,a,15. 41. 127,b,10. 129,b,32. 163,a,6. 182,b,42. 198,b] [?(No. 468). 209,a,10. HALL in der Einl. zu VASĀVAD. 20. Weber’s Indische Studien.8,195. 343. fg.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Bhāravi (भारवि):—m. Nomen proprium des Verfassers des Kirātārjunīya.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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