Brahmasabha, Brahmasabhā, Brahma-sabha, Brahman-sabha: 8 definitions


Brahmasabha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Google Books: Hinduism and Law: An Introduction

Brahmasabhā (ब्रह्मसभा, “religious court”).—In religious and moral matters—in cases of violation of personal law or religious norms—it was often a kind of religious court (brahmasabhā, pariṣad) of more or less learned Brahmins which administered and decided on penances. A chief judge occasionally called “dharmādhikārin” headed it. The brahmasabhā and also caste councils (jātisabhā) could expel individuals from their caste on grounds of impurity or impose fees and other sanctions.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Brahmasabha in Buddhism glossary
Source: Google Books: The Bible of Tibet

Brahmasabhā (ब्रह्मसभा) is the name of a lake near the hermitage of a Ṛṣi where Manoharā (daughter of Druma, king of the kinnarīs) used to come to bathe every fifteenth day of the month, according to the Sudhanāvadāna. The description of Brahmasabhā was told by the Ṛṣi of the hermitage to the hunter Phalaka in the following words: “That is the Brahmasabhā pool, filled with blue, red, and white lotuses, haunted by swarms of different kinds of birds, extremely rich in waters resembling silver, snow, and hoarfrost in colour. To this pool in the midst of the most fragrant flowers, there comes on the fifteenth day of the month Manoharā the daughter of Druma, the king of the kinnarīs. Surrounded by five hundred kinnarīs, she comes in order to bathe, after having washed and anointed her head. During the time of the bath they dance, sing, and make sweet music resound, such as enchants even the beasts of the forest. Even I myself, when I have heard these sounds, experience pleasure and delight for seven whole days. This maiden, friend, I have seen.”

India history and geography

Source: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Brahmasabhā (ब्रह्मसभा) refers to “assemblies of scholars”.—The Kāvyamīmāṃsā of Rājaśekhara (A.D. 900) mentions a tradition that there were assemblies of scholars called brahmasabhās, organised by kings, which examined poets like Kālidāsa, Bhartṛmaṇṭha, Amara, Rūpa, Āryaśūra, Bhāravi and Candragupta in Viśālā (Ujjainī) and where such great masters of grammar as Upavarṣa, Pāṇini, Piṅgala, Vyāḍi, Vararūci and Patañjali were examined in Pāṭaliputra and attained fame.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Brahmasabha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Brahmasabhā (ब्रह्मसभा).—the hall or court of Brahman.

Brahmasabhā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms brahman and sabhā (सभा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Brahmasabhā (ब्रह्मसभा).—name of a pool: Divyāvadāna 442.28; 443.12; Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.134.8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Brahmasabhā (ब्रह्मसभा):—[=brahma-sabhā] [from brahma > brahman] f. the hall or court of Brahmā, [Raghuvaṃśa; Pañcarātra]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a lotus pond, [Divyāvadāna]

[Sanskrit to German]

Brahmasabha in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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