Bharga, Bhārga: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Bharga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Bharga (भर्ग):—Son of Vītihotra (son of Sukumāra). His son was called Bhārgabhūmi. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.17.9)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Bharga (भर्ग).—Grandson of Divodāsa, a King of the Pūru line. Divodāsa got a son named Pratardana. Bharga and Vatsa were the sons of Pratardana. (Chapter 278, Agni Purāṇa).

2) Bharga (भर्ग).—A synonym of Śiva.

3) Bharga (भर्ग).—A village of ancient India. (Śloka 51, Chapter 9, Bhīṣma Parva, Mahābhārata).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Bharga (भर्ग).—A son of Vītihotra and father of Bhārgabhūmi.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 17. 9.

1b) A son of Vanhi and father of Bhānuman.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 16.

1c) Enabled Arjuna to conquer the Nivātakavacas;1 a Devata.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 6. 29.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 108. 32.

2a) Bhārga (भार्ग).—A son of Vītihotra, and father of Bhārgabhūmi.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa N. 8. 20.

2b) A son of Vanhi and father of Bhānu.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 16. 3.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Bhārga (भार्ग) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.49, II.27.10) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Bhārga) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geography

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Bharga (भर्ग) or Bhagga was an ancient state dependent of Vatsa or Vaṃsa: one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas of the Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—The kingdom of the Vaṃsas or Vatsas is mentioned in the Aṅguttara Nikāya as one of the sixteen great countries of India. The Bhagga (i.e. Bharga) state of Suṃsumāragiri was a dependency of the Vatsa kingdom (Jātaka No. 353). This is confirmed by the Mahābhārata and the Harivaṇśa which testify to the close association of these two realms.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Bharga.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘eleven’. Note: bharga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bharga (भर्ग).—

1) Name of Śiva.

2) Of Brahman.

3) Radiance, lustre; आदित्यान्तर्गतं वर्चो भर्गाख्यं तन्मुमुक्षुभिः (ādityāntargataṃ varco bhargākhyaṃ tanmumukṣubhiḥ) Yogiyājñavalkya.

4) Roasting.

Derivable forms: bhargaḥ (भर्गः).

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Bhārga (भार्ग).—A king of the Bhargas.

Derivable forms: bhārgaḥ (भार्गः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bharga (भर्ग).—m. pl. (= Pali Bhagga; possibly to be iden-tified with Sanskrit Bharga or Bhārga, Mahābhārata Cr. ed. 2.27.10; 6.10.49), name of a people, whose capital was Śuśumāragiri, q.v.: Divyāvadāna 181.22 ff.; 189.1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bharga (भर्ग).—m.

(-rgaḥ) 1. A name of Siva. 2. Light, lustre. 3. A name Brahma. 4. Cooking, frying. E. bhrasj to fry, aff. lyuṭ; having scorched Kamadeva to ashes, with a look.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bharga (भर्ग).—i. e. bhrāj, or bhṛj, + a, m. Śiva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bharga (भर्ग).—[masculine] = seq., a man’s name, [plural] [Name] of a people.

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Bhārga (भार्ग).—[masculine] [Name] of a man, [plural] of a people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bharga (भर्ग):—m. (√bhṛj) radiance, splendour, effulgence, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

2) Name of Rudra-Śiva, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Prabodha-candrodaya] (as Name of the number 11 [Gaṇitādhyāya])

3) of Brahmā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) of a man with the [patronymic] Prāgātha (author of [Ṛg-veda viii, 49; 50]), [Anukramaṇikā]

5) of a king, the son of Veṇu-hotra, [Harivaṃśa]

6) of a son of Vītihotra, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

7) of a son of Vahni, [ib.]

8) ([plural]) Name of a people, [Mahābhārata]

9) n. Name of a Sāman, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

10) Bhārga (भार्ग):—m. a king of the Bhargas, [Pāṇini 4-1, 178]

11) Name of a son of Pratardana, [Harivaṃśa] ([varia lectio] bhārgava)

12) of a king also called Bharga, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

13) [plural] Name of a people, [Mahābhārata] ([Bombay edition] bhargāḥ)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bharga (भर्ग):—(rgaḥ) 1. m. A name of Shiva; Brahmā; lustre; cooking.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Bharga (भर्ग):—(von bharj = φλέγω)

1) m. a) strahlender Glanz, = bhargas [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 5, 4, 5, 1.] [Pañcaviṃśabrāhmaṇa 18, 9, 1.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 5, 1, 10.] [Āhnikatattva im Śabdakalpadruma] — b) Beiname Śiva’s [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 1, 29.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 195.] [Halāyudha 1, 12.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 1, 34.] [Prabodhacandrodaja 55, 7.] [Spr. 2895.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 5, 7.] Beiname Brahman's [MUK.] zu [Amarakoṣa] [Śabdakalpadruma] — c) Nomen proprium eines Mannes [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 111.] mit dem patron. Prāgātha, Liedverfassers von [Ṛgveda 8, 49. 50.] eines Fürsten, Sohnes des Veṇuhotra [Harivaṃśa 1596] [?(vgl. Viṣṇupurāṇa 409. fg., Nalopākhyāna 16).] des Vītihotra [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 17, 9.] des Vahni [23, 16.] pl. Nomen proprium eines Kriegerstammes [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 178.] [Mahābhārata 2, 1085. 6, 358] (nach der ed. Bomb.). —

2) n. Name eines Sāman [Weber’s Indische Studien 3, 227.] — Vgl. bhārga, bhārgāyaṇa, bhārgi .

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Bhārga (भार्ग):—

1) m. ein Fürst der Bharga [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 178.] Nomen proprium eines Sohne des Pratardana [Harivaṃśa 1587.] st. dessen bhārgava (garbha d. i. bharga die neuere Ausg.) [1741.] Nomen proprium eines Fürsten, der sonst Bharga genannt wird. [Viṣṇupurāṇa 409] [?(MUIR, Stenzler I, 52, Nalopākhyāna 31).] pl. Nomen proprium eines Volkes [Mahābhārata 6, 358] (die ed. Bomb. richtiger bhargāḥ) = [Viṣṇupurāṇa 190.] —

2) f. ī a) eine Fürstin der Bharga [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 178.] — b) Clerodendrum Siphonanthus R. Br. [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 3, 8.] [Ratnamālā 37.] [Suśruta 1, 138, 12. 139, 4. 145, 18. 2, 80, 17. 104, 21. 276, 3. 285, 12.] — Vgl. bhārgavana .

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Bhārga (भार्ग):—

2) b) wohl fehlerhaft für bhārṅgī .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Bharga (भर्ग):——

1) m. — a) strahlender Glanz. — b) Beiname — α) Śiva-Rudra's. Als Bez. der Zahl eilf [Gaṇita 6.] — β) *Brahman's. — c) Nomen proprium — α) verschiedener Männer. — β) Pl. eines Volkes [Mahābhārata 6,9,51.] —

2) n. Name eines Sāman.

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Bhārga (भार्ग):——

1) m. — a) *ein Fürst der Bharga. — b) Nomen proprium — α) verschiedener Männer. — β) Pl. eines Volkes. v.l. bharga

2) f. ī — a) *eine Fürsten der Bharga. — b) Clerodendrum siphonanthus. Richtiger wohl bhārṅgī.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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