Triphala, Triphalā, Tri-phala: 28 definitions


Triphala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Triphalā (त्रिफला) or Triphalālauha is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume of the fifth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 10, Śūla: pain in the belly). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, since it is an ayurveda treatment it should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., triphalā-lauha): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

Source: Rasa-Jala-Nidhi: Or Ocean of indian chemistry and alchemy

Triphala refers to a combination of the three fruits, viz, haritaki, amalaki, and bibhitaki. (see Bhudeb Mookerji and his Rasajalanidhi)

Cikitsa (natural therapy and treatment for medical conditions)

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Triphala (त्रिफल) refers to the three medicinal plants and are used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal.  The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Triphala] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

Triphala refers to the following three medicinal plants:—

  1. Āmalakī: Emblica officinalis Gaertn. Syn. Phyllanthus emblica L.
  2. Vibhītaka: Terminalia bellerica Roxb.
  3. Harītakī (or Abhayā, Pathyā): Terminalia chebula Retz.

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Śodhana: An Ayurvedic process for detoxification

Triphalā (त्रिफला) refers to the combination of three fruits (Terminalia chebula, Terminalia bellarica and Emblica officinalis), and is one of the ingredients considered useful when treating “poisonous plants” (viṣa) using the Śodhana process, which involves the purification as well as reduction in the levels of toxic principles according to Ayurvedic principles.—Ayurvedic classics (viz., the 17th-century Yogaratnakara) have emphasized various methods of Śodhana to overcome the undesired effects from various poisonous and non-poisonous drugs, involving different media specific to substances such as Godugdha (milk of Bos indicus), Gomūtra (urine of Bos indicus), Triphalā (combination of three fruits, Terminalia chebula, Terminalia bellarica and Emblica officinalis) and lemon juice etc

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Triphalā (त्रिफला) refers to “Harītakī, Vibhītaki and Āmalakī” and is used in the treatment of Maṇḍalī-snake-bites, according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—A number of different permutation and combination of herbs are prescribed as Lepa and Pāna for removing the poison of Maṇḍalī snakes.—According to the Kāśyapasaṃhitā verse 9.86: “Turmeric, Yaṣṭi, Triphalā (Harītakī, Vibhītaki and Āmalakī) in equal measure), mixed with milk of Snuhī and four products of cow along with Brāhmī juice and ghee is a potent queller of Maṇḍalī poison”.

Veterinary Medicine (The study and treatment of Animals)

Source: Asian Agri-History: Paśu Āyurvēda (Veterinary Medicine) in Garuḍapurāṇa

Triphalā (त्रिफला) refers to the “three myrobalans”, and is used in the treatment of Horses (Gajāyurveda or Aśvāyurveda) in the Garuḍapurāṇa.—[Kuṣṭhacikitsā (treatment of cutaneous infections)]—In any cuetaneous infection a decoction of nimbapatra (neem leaves), paṭola (snake gourd), triphalā (three myrobalans), and Khadira (Acacia catechu) should be successively given for three days to a horse, after raktamokṣaṇa (blood-letting).

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Science And Technology In Medievel India (kalpa)

Triphalā (त्रिफला) or Triphalākalpa refers to Kalpa (medicinal preparation) described in the Auṣadhikalpa, as mentioned in A. Rahman’s Science and Technology in Medievel India: A bibliography of source materials in Sanskrit, Arabic and Persian.—Ancient and medieval India produced a wide range of scientific manuscripts and major contributions lie in the field of medicine, astronomy and mathematics, besides covering encyclopedic glossaries and technical dictionaries.—The Auṣadhikalpa is a medical work of the type of Materia Medica giving twenty-six medical preparations [e.g., Triphalā-kalpa] to be used as patent medicines against various diseases.

Agriculture (Krishi) and Vrikshayurveda (study of Plant life)

Source: Shodhganga: Drumavichitrikarnam—Plant mutagenesis in ancient India

Triphalā (त्रिफला) refers to a group of three plants (i.e., Emblica officinalis, Terminalia bellirica and Terminalia chebula) which are used in a recipe for manipulating the colour of fruits (on the tree) [varṇa-pravartana], according to the Vṛkṣāyurveda by Sūrapāla (1000 CE): an encyclopedic work dealing with the study of trees and the principles of ancient Indian agriculture.—Accordingly, “Trees watered and smeared at roots with the mixture of the bark of Bombax ceiba, Curcuma longa, Indigofera tinctoria, Emblica officinalis, Terminalia bellirica and Terminalia chebula [e.g., Triphalā], Saussurea lappa, and liquor bear fruits having the shades of a parrot”.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Triphalā (त्रिफला, “three fruits”) is the Sanskrit name for a group of medicinal plants, eg:

  1. Āmalakī or Dhātrī (Emblica officinalis),
  2. Vibhītakī or Bibhītaka (Terminalia belerica),
  3. Harītakī (Terminalia chebula).

They are classified as being good appetisers, improving the eyesight and proving beneficial in chronic intermittent fever (viṣamajvara). It was originally composed by Suśruta in his Suśrutasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna XXXVIII, a classic work on Āyurveda. The name is derived from the words tri (‘three’) and phalā, translating to “fruits”. The collection of herbs named Triphalā is but one of the thirty-seven gaṇas (‘sections’) of such groups.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Triphalā (त्रिफला).—The Sanskrit name for an important Ayurvedic drug combination.—Triphalā is the combination of three fruits (harītakī, bibhītaka and āmalakī) in equal quantity. Iti s well known as rasāyana (promoting dhātus), eliminating faces and urine and pacifying all the three doṣas.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Vaidyavallabha: An Authoritative Work on Ayurveda Therapeutics

Triphalā (त्रिफला) refers to the powder of fruits of Terminalia chebula, Terminalia bellerica and Emblica officinalis, and is highlighted in all types of eye related disorders, according to the 17th-century Vaidyavallabha (chapter 7) written by Hastiruci.—The Vaidyavallabha is a work which deals with the treatment and useful for all 8 branches of Ayurveda. The text Vaidyavallabha has been designed based on the need of the period of the author, availability of drugs (viz., triphalā) during that time, disease manifesting in that era, socio-economical-cultural-familial-spiritual-aspects of that period Vaidyavallabha.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Snake bite treatment in Prayoga samuccayam

Triphalā (त्रिफला) refers to the “three myrobalans”, and is employed in the treatment of poison (viṣa), such as that resulting from rājila (krait snake-bites) and rājilaviṣa, according to the 20th century Prayogasamuccaya (one of the most popular and widely practised book in toxicology in Malayalam).—Chapter four explains rājilaviṣa (krait family) treatment. Vegānusāra-cikitsā (stage wise treatment), symptoms and treatment of 13 types of rājila snakes are mentioned. In arresting of whole body movements, Triphalā (three myrobalans) ground in milk is recommended to be given orally. [...]

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Triphalā (त्रिफला):—Syn

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Triphala (त्रिफल) refers to the “three myrobalans”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 16) (“On the planets—graha-bhaktiyoga”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] Venus also presides over perfumes, flowers, perfumed paste, gems, diamonds, ornaments, lotus or conch shells, beds, bridegrooms, young men, young women, objects tending to provoke lustful desires and persons that eat good and sweet meals; over gardens, waters, voluptuaries and lewed men; over fame, comfort, generosity, beauty, and learning, over ministers, merchants, potters, birds and triphala”.

Note: Triphala refers to the three fruits—the three myrobalans, the fruits Terminalia chebulla, Terminalia bellerica and Phyllanthus emblica, or the three sweet fruits of grape, pomegranate and date.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Triphalā is a combination of herbs used in Ayurveda consisting of Terminalia chebula, Terminalia bellirica and Phyllanthus emblica.

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Triphala in India is the name of a plant defined with Adiantum lunulatum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Adiantum arcuatum Sw. (among others).

2) Triphala is also identified with Didymochlaena truncatula It has the synonym Adiantum lunulatum Ogata (etc.).

3) Triphala is also identified with Terminalia chebula It has the synonym Myrobalanus chebula (Retz.) Gaertn. (etc.).

4) Triphala is also identified with Zanthoxylum rhetsa It has the synonym Fagara piperita Blanco (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Cuscatlania (1989)
· Journal für die Botanik (1800)
· FBI (1875)
· Numer. List
· Contributions from the United States National Herbarium (1974)
· Contributions from the United States National Herbarium (1974)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Triphala, for example health benefits, chemical composition, extract dosage, side effects, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

triphalā (त्रिफला) [or ळा, ḷā].—f m (triphalā S) The three myrobalans, hiraḍā, bēhaḍā, aṃvaḷakaṭī.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

triphalā (त्रिफला) [-ḷā, -ळा].—f m The 3 myrobalans hiraḍā, bēhaḍā, āvaḷakaṭī.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Triphalā (त्रिफला).—(1) the three myrobalans taken collectively, namely, Terminalia Chebula, T. Bellerica, and Phyllanthus (Mar. hiraḍā, behaḍā and āṃvaḷakāṭhī). Also (2) the three sweet fruits (grape, pomegranate, and date); (3) the three fragrant fruits (nutmeg, arecanut, and cloves).

Triphalā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and phalā (फला).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Triphala (त्रिफल).—(?) (m. or nt.), in °la-vāhakā dārakāḥ Lalitavistara 132.18 (prose), form uncertain (vv.ll. triphara, trisphara, tisthara; Calcutta (see LV.) tila); according to Tibetan khriḥu, a small stool or chair, seat; Foucaux's Note 126 suggests reading tri(s)pada (Sanskrit tripadikā is recorded as tripod in a lexical citation, [Boehtlingk and Roth], and tripāda allegedly in Kauś. but not in 26.41 as [Boehtlingk and Roth] state).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tṛphalā (तृफला).—f.

(-lā) The three myrobalans. E. tṛ for tri three, phala a fruit, fem. affix ṭāp; also triphalā.

--- OR ---

Triphalā (त्रिफला).—f.

(-lā) The three myrobalans collectively. E. tri three, phala fruit, fem. affix ṭāp; also with ṅīṣ affix triphalī .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Triphala (त्रिफल).—I. adj., f. , endowed with three fruits, Kām. Nītis. 8, 42. Ii. f. , the three myrobalans. Niṣphº, i. e.

Triphala is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tri and phala (फल).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Triphala (त्रिफल).—[adjective] having three fruits.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tṛphalā (तृफला):—See tri-ph.

2) Triphala (त्रिफल):—[=tri-phala] [from tri] mfn. having 3 fruits, [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra viii, 42]

3) Triphalā (त्रिफला):—[=tri-phalā] [from tri-phala > tri] f. ([Pāṇini 4-1, 64], [vArttika] 3) the 3 Myrobalans (fruits of Terminalia Chebula, T°, and Phyllanthus Emblica; also tṛph, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]), [Suśruta; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā xvi; Kathāsaritsāgara lxx; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra [Scholiast or Commentator]]

4) [v.s. ...] the 3 sweet fruits (grape, pomegranate, and date), [Nighaṇṭuprakāśa]

5) [v.s. ...] the 3 fragrant fruits (nutmeg, areca-nut, and cloves), [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tṛphalā (तृफला):—[tṛ-phalā] (lā) 1. f. Three myrobalans.

2) Triphalā (त्रिफला):—[tri-phalā] (lā) 1. f. Three myrobalans.

[Sanskrit to German]

Triphala in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Triphala (ತ್ರಿಫಲ):—[noun] a set of three fruits, gooseberry (Phyllanthus emblica), myrobalan (Terminalia chebulan) and Belleric myrobalan (Terminalia bellirica), used for medicinal purpose.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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