Ashtanga, aka: Ashtan-anga, Aṣṭāṅga; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Ashtanga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Aṣṭāṅga can be transliterated into English as Astanga or Ashtanga, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Ashtanga in Yoga glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

lit: Eight limbs; The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali provides an eight-fold path called ashtanga. These eight steps are basic guidelines on how to live a meaningful and purposeful life.

The "eight limbs" are:

  1. Yama
  2. Niyama
  3. Asana
  4. Pranayama
  5. Pratyahara
  6. Dharana
  7. Dhyana
  8. Samadhi
Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga
Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Ashtanga in Ayurveda glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Aṣṭāṅga (अष्टाङ्ग, “eight parts”).—Traditionally the following eight aṅgas (parts or speciailities) of Āyurveda are accepted:

  1. Kāyacikitsā (‘general medicine’),
  2. Kaumārabhṛtya (‘pediatrics’),
  3. Agadatantra (‘toxicology’),
  4. Śalyatantra (‘surgery’),
  5. Śālākyatantra (‘medico-surgery dealing with supraclavicular diseases’),
  6. Rasāyana (‘promotive therapy’),
  7. Vājīkaraṇa (‘dealing with aphrodisiacs’)
  8. and Bhūtavidyā (‘dealing with invisible agents’).

The Aṣṭāṅgahṛdaya of Vāgbhaṭa is the text upholding this notion of ‘Aṣṭāṅga Āyurveda’ which continued even to the modern age.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Aṣṭāṅga (अष्टाङ्ग):—The Sanskrit name for a classification of a ‘temple’, according to the Īśānaśivagurudevapaddhati which features a list of 52 temple types. This list represents the classification of temples in South-India.

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana

Ashtanga in Purana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Aṣṭāṅga (अष्टाङ्ग).—The name of a book on medical science.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 215. 34.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Relevant definitions

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Lohitanga
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Navanga
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Yajnanga
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Bahiranga
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Ashtapadi
Aṣṭapadī (अष्टपदी) is the name of a work on Sanskrit prosody (chandas) ascribed to Śrīmuṣṇaṃ Śr...

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