Ayusha, Āyuṣa: 11 definitions

Introduction:

Ayusha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Āyuṣa can be transliterated into English as Ayusa or Ayusha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Āyuṣa (आयुष).—The son of Aiḍa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 192.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Āyuṣa (आयुष) refers to “life”, according to  the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 40.—Accordingly: The Buddha utters the lion’s roar. He is like the king of the lions (siṃharāja). [...] The Buddha-lion is very similar. [...] He spurs on the lazy, he comforts his disciples and he destroys the heretics. The gods of long life (dīrgha-āyuṣa) who for ages have enjoyed heavenly bliss finally recognize impermanence. Thus, beings who hear the lion’s roar of the four truths all experience a mind of disgust for the world; being disgusted, they withdraw from it; being withdrawn from it, they enter into nirvāṇa. [...]

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1

Ayusha refers to one of those ceremonies of the Nambutiris performed after marriage, during pregnancy or during the birth of a child. Ayusha is for prolonging life. The father gives the child a secret name, having an even number of syllables for a male and an uneven number for a female, which is never revealed to any one except the mother.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Āyuṣa.—used in the sense of āyus in the Junagadh inscrip- tion of Rudradāman, text line 10 (Sel. Ins., p. 171). Note: āyuṣa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

āyusa (आयुस) [or आयूस, āyūsa].—n (Vulgar corr. of āyuṣya) Life, life-time.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Āyuṣa (आयुष).—(At the end of a few comps.) Life; e. g. पुरुषायुषजीविन्यः (puruṣāyuṣajīvinyaḥ) R.1.63.

Derivable forms: āyuṣam (आयुषम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āyuṣa (आयुष).—[-āyuṣa], i. e. āyus + a, A substitute for āyus when latter part of compound words: e. g. cira-, adj. Long living, [Pañcatantra] 245, 35; puruṣa-, n. The duration of a man’s life.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āyuṣa (आयुष):—[from āyu] n. ifc. = āyus, duration of life, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Pañcatantra etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Ayusha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Āyuṣa (ಆಯುಷ):—[noun] the duration of time from one’s birth to his or her death; life-time; expectancy of life.

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Āyusa (ಆಯುಸ):—[noun] = ಆಯುಷ್ಯ [ayushya]2.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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