Upaveda, Upavēda: 11 definitions


Upaveda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 1

Upaveda (उपवेद) refers to “subsidiaries to the four Vedas”: the system of medicine, Ayurveda , subordinate to the Ṛgveda; the science of archery, Dhanurveda, to the Yajurveda; the science of music to the Sāmaveda; science of arms, to the Atharvaveda. Sthāpathyaveda (architecrture) and Śilpaśāstra (craft) are treated as Upavedas by some scholars.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Education: Systems & Practices

Upaveda (उपवेद) refers to “disciplines whose knowledge is contingent on the individual” and representing one of the two types of Śāstra (learned disciplines), all part of the ancient Indian education system, which aimed at both the inner and the outer dimension of a person. The Upaveda knowledge texts are between apaurūṣeya and paurūṣeya as they all deal with applied knowledge. The disciplines of itihāsaveda (science of history), dhanurveda (science of warfare), gandharvaveda (music) and Ayurveda (medicine) fall under this category. Teaching was teacher centred and text centred and the process of teaching depended on the exposition of the knowledge by a learned teacher.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

upavēda (उपवेद).—m (S) A minor or secondary Veda. There are four, viz. āyurvēda, dhanurvēda, gāndharvavēda, sthāpatya- vēda (i. e. viśvakarmaśāstra or śilpaśāstra). See tṛtīya skandha of bhāgavata purāṇa.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upaveda (उपवेद).—'Inferior knowledge', a class of writings subordinate to the Vedas. There are four such Upavedas, one being attached to each of the four Vedas :-- thus आयुर्वेद (āyurveda) or Medicine to ऋग्वेद (ṛgveda); (according to some authorities such as Suśruta it is a part of the Atharvaveda); धनुर्वेद (dhanurveda) or military science to यजुर्वेद (yajurveda); गान्धर्ववेद (gāndharvaveda) or Music to सामवेद (sāmaveda), and स्थापत्य-शास्त्र-वेद (sthāpatya-śāstra-veda) or Architecture to अथर्ववेद (atharvaveda).

Derivable forms: upavedaḥ (उपवेदः).

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Upaveda (उपवेद).—See under उपविद् (upavid).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upaveda (उपवेद).—m.

(-daḥ) A minor Veda, of which four are reckoned, treating of the military art, medicine, music, and mechanics. E. upa and veda a Veda.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upaveda (उपवेद).—[upa-veda], m. A subordinate Veda, a class of writings, Mahābhārata 2, 450.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upaveda (उपवेद):—[=upa-veda] m. ‘secondary knowledge’, Name of a class of writings subordinate or appended to the four Vedas (viz. the āyur-veda, or science of medicine, to the Ṛg-veda; the dhanurveda or science of archery, to the Yajur-veda; the gāndharva-veda or science of music, to the Sāmaveda; and the śastra-śāstra or science of arms, to the Atharva-veda; this is according to the Caraṇavyūha, but, [Suśruta] and the [Bhāvaprakāśa] make the Āyur-veda belong to the Atharva-veda; according to others, the sthāpatya-veda or science of architecture, and śilpa-śāstra or knowledge of arts, are reckoned as the fourth Upa-veda).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upaveda (उपवेद):—[upa-veda] (daḥ) 1. m. A minor Veda.

[Sanskrit to German]

Upaveda in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Upavēda (ಉಪವೇದ):—[noun] any of a class of philosophical writings, auxiliary to the Vēdas, such as ಆಯುರ್ವೇದ, ಧನುರ್ವೇದ, ಗಾಂಧರ್ವವೇದ, [ayurveda, dhanurveda, gamdharvaveda,] and ಸ್ಥಾಪತ್ಯಶಾಸ್ತ್ರ [sthapatyashastra] i.e.science of medicine, military science, science of arts as music, dances etc., and mechanics, respectively.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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