Atijagati, Atijagatī: 13 definitions
Atijagati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Atijagatī (अतिजगती).—Poetic metre.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XI. 21. 41.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Atijagatī (अतिजगती) refers to a class of rhythm-type (chandas) containing thirteen syllables in a pāda (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 15. There are twenty-six classes of chandas and out of them arise the various syllabic meters (vṛtta), composed of four pādas, defining the pattern of alternating light and heavy syllables.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)
Atijagatī (अतिजगती).—One of the varieties of-in fact, the first variety of-the Aticchandas metre, which see above: this Atijagatī consists of 52 syllables.e. g. तमिन्द्रे जोहवीमि मघवानमुग्रम् (tamindre johavīmi maghavānamugram) Ṛk. Saṃh.8.97.13 cf, प्रथमातिजगत्यासां सा द्विपञ्चाशदक्षरा (prathamātijagatyāsāṃ sā dvipañcāśadakṣarā) R. Pr. XVI.80.
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)
Atijagatī (अतिजगती) is one of the twenty-six varieties of Sanskrit metres (chandas) mentioned in the Chandaśśāstra 1.15-19. There are 26 Vedic metres starting with 1 to 26 letters in each pāda. It is a common belief that the classical metres are developed from these 26 metres. Generally a metre has a specific name according to it’s number of syllables (akṣara). But sometimes the same stanza is called by the name of another metre from the point of view of the pādas.
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)
Atijagatī (अतिजगती) represents the number 13 (thirteen) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 13—atijagatī] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.
Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.
Languages of India and abroad
Atijagatī (अतिजगती).—[atikrāntā jagatīṃ dvādaśākṣarapādāṃ ekākṣarādhikyāt] Name of a class of metres belonging to the अतिच्छन्दस् (aticchandas) class, with 13 letters in each line (prathamā'tijagatyāsāṃ sā dvipañcāśadakṣarā.)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Atijagatī (अतिजगती).—f. (-tī) A form of metre, a stanza of four lines. with thirteen syllables in each line. E. ati, and jagatī another metre.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Atijagatī (अतिजगती).—[feminine] [Name] of a metre.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Atijagatī (अतिजगती):—[=ati-jagatī] f. Name of a class of metres (belonging to those called aticchandas, and consisting of four lines, each containing thirteen syllables).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Atijagatī (अतिजगती):—[tatpurusha compound] f.
(-tī) The name of a class of metres regulated by number and quantity. See aticchandas. It comprises sixteen varieties and consists of a stanza of four lines, with thirteen syllables in each line. (See
2) rucirā (or atirucirā),
3) mattamayūra (or māyā),
5) mañjubhāṣiṇī (or prabodhitā, or sunandinī, or kanakaprabhā),
6) candrikā (or kṣamā, or utpalinī, or kuṭilagati),
7) kalahaṃsa (or citravatī, or siṃhanāda),
12) kalākanda (or kanda),
14) paṅkajāvalī (or paṅkāvalī),
16) prabhāvatī.) E. ati (sc. krāntā) and jagatī (in the sense of the accusative) ‘going beyond the metre jagatī q. v.’.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Atijagati (ಅತಿಜಗತಿ):—[noun] (pros.) a meter having four lines of thirteen syllables each.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+1): Atirucira, Mattamayura, Atijagata, Praharshini, Kutilagati, Mrigendramukha, Sunandini, Manjubhashin, Prabodhita, Rucita, Utpalin, Aticchandas, Kalahamsa, Shashilekha, Praharshani, Vidyut, Mahakavya, Chandas, Praveshiki, Chandomanjari.
Search found 9 books and stories containing Atijagati, Atijagatī, Ati-jagati, Ati-jagatī; (plurals include: Atijagatis, Atijagatīs, jagatis, jagatīs). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Rig Veda 4.1.2 < [Sukta 1]
Rig Veda 8.97.13 < [Sukta 97]
Rig Veda 6.49.15 < [Sukta 49]
Amarakoshodghatana of Kshirasvamin (study) (by A. Yamuna Devi)
Education (8): Knowledge of Metres and Figures of speech < [Chapter 4 - Cultural Aspects]
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
The Agni Purana (by N. Gangadharan)
Chapter 337 - Description of the characteristics of a kāvya (kāvylakṣaṇa)
Chapter 331 - Metres of different kinds
Chapter 334 - Metres having similar characteristics in all the four quarters (samavṛtta)
Gati in Theory and Practice (by G. Srinivasu)
Gati performed in Pūrvaraṅga < [Chapter 3 - Application of gati in Dṛśya-kāvyas]
Natyashastra (English) (by Bharata-muni)