Mattamayura, aka: Matta-mayura, Mattamayūra; 3 Definition(s)


Mattamayura means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Mattamayūra (मत्तमयूर) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. In this metre, the sixth, the seventh, the tenth and the eleventh syllables of a foot (pāda) are light (laghu), while the rest of the syllables are heavy (guru).


Mattamayūra falls in the Atijagatī class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing thirteen syllables each.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

India history and geogprahy

Mattamayūra is the name of a clan mentioned in the Khārepāṭaṇ plates of Raṭṭarāja (śaka year 930).—The Karkaroṇī branch of the Mattamayūra clan has not been identified, but Mattamayūra was a celebrated centre of Śaivism in that period. The Ācāryas of this place belonged to the Śaiva, as distinguished from the Pāśupata, school of Śaivism. Their names, like that of Ambhojaśambhu of the present plates, ended in śiva or ṡambhu as those of the Pāśupatas ended in rāśi.

Mattamayūra was probably the ancient name of modern Kadwāhā in Central India, where there are remains of monastrey and not less than fourteen Brāhmaṇical temples, all belonging to the 10th century A.D. The Mattamayūra clan sent its Ācāryas to distant countries such as Chedi and Andhra to found maṭhas for the propagation of the Śaiva doctrine.

These copper plates (mentioning Mattamayūra) were found by a Brāhmaṇa of Khārepāṭan, a town in the Devagaḍ tālukā of the Ratnāgiri District. The inscription refers itself to the reign of the Śilāra king, Māṇḍalika Raṭṭarāja. As his predecessors were loyal feudatories of the Rāṣṭrakūṭas, it gives first the genealogy of that family from Dantidurga to Kakkala. The inscription is dated, in lines 41-42, on the full-moon tithi of Jyeṣṭha in the śaka year 930, the cyclic year being Kīlaka.

(Source): What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

Mattamayūra (मत्तमयूर) refers to an ancient sect of Śaivism.—Gaṇapatideva (r. 1199-1262 A.D.) extended patronage to Mattamayūra sect of Śaivism which attempted at the reestablishment of supremacy of vedic system. However, the economic development of the land and the activities of radical religious sects helped the śūdras to rise in social status and gain political importance.

(Source): Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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