Mattamayura, Matta-mayura, Mattamayūra, Mattamayūrā: 9 definitions

Introduction

Mattamayura means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Mattamayūra (मत्तमयूर) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. In this metre, the sixth, the seventh, the tenth and the eleventh syllables of a foot (pāda) are light (laghu), while the rest of the syllables are heavy (guru).

⎼⎼⎼¦⎼⎼⏑¦⏑⎼⎼¦⏑⏑⎼¦⎼¦¦⎼⎼⎼¦⎼⎼⏑¦⏑⎼⎼¦⏑⏑⎼¦⎼¦¦
⎼⎼⎼¦⎼⎼⏑¦⏑⎼⎼¦⏑⏑⎼¦⎼¦¦⎼⎼⎼¦⎼⎼⏑¦⏑⎼⎼¦⏑⏑⎼¦⎼¦¦

Mattamayūra falls in the Atijagatī class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing thirteen syllables each.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[«previous (M) next»] — Mattamayura in Chandas glossary
Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

1) Mattamayūrā (मत्तमयूरा) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (eg., Mattamayūrā) in 20 verses.

2) Mattamayūra (मत्तमयूर) refers to one of the seventy-two sama-varṇavṛtta (regular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 334th chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (eg., the matta-mayūra metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (M) next»] — Mattamayura in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Mattamayūra (मत्तमयूर).—A special tribe of Kṣatriyas. Nakula, one of the Pāṇḍavas, defeated these people during his victory march to the west. (Śloka 5, Chapter 32, Sabhā Parva).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

Mattamayūra is the name of a clan mentioned in the Khārepāṭaṇ plates of Raṭṭarāja (śaka year 930).—The Karkaroṇī branch of the Mattamayūra clan has not been identified, but Mattamayūra was a celebrated centre of Śaivism in that period. The Ācāryas of this place belonged to the Śaiva, as distinguished from the Pāśupata, school of Śaivism. Their names, like that of Ambhojaśambhu of the present plates, ended in śiva or ṡambhu as those of the Pāśupatas ended in rāśi.

Mattamayūra was probably the ancient name of modern Kadwāhā in Central India, where there are remains of monastrey and not less than fourteen Brāhmaṇical temples, all belonging to the 10th century A.D. The Mattamayūra clan sent its Ācāryas to distant countries such as Chedi and Andhra to found maṭhas for the propagation of the Śaiva doctrine.

These copper plates (mentioning Mattamayūra) were found by a Brāhmaṇa of Khārepāṭan, a town in the Devagaḍ tālukā of the Ratnāgiri District. The inscription refers itself to the reign of the Śilāra king, Māṇḍalika Raṭṭarāja. As his predecessors were loyal feudatories of the Rāṣṭrakūṭas, it gives first the genealogy of that family from Dantidurga to Kakkala. The inscription is dated, in lines 41-42, on the full-moon tithi of Jyeṣṭha in the śaka year 930, the cyclic year being Kīlaka.

Source: Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times

Mattamayūra (मत्तमयूर) refers to an ancient sect of Śaivism.—Gaṇapatideva (r. 1199-1262 A.D.) extended patronage to Mattamayūra sect of Śaivism which attempted at the reestablishment of supremacy of vedic system. However, the economic development of the land and the activities of radical religious sects helped the śūdras to rise in social status and gain political importance.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (M) next»] — Mattamayura in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mattamayūra (मत्तमयूर).—a wild or amorous peacock.

-ram a kind of metre; वेदैरन्ध्रैर्मत्तौ यसगा मत्तमयूरम् (vedairandhrairmattau yasagā mattamayūram) V. Ratna.

Derivable forms: mattamayūraḥ (मत्तमयूरः).

Mattamayūra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms matta and mayūra (मयूर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mattamayūra (मत्तमयूर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. A cloud. 2. A species of the Atijagati metre. E. satta, and mayūra a peacock, (by which.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mattamayūra (मत्तमयूर):—[=matta-mayūra] [from matta > mad] m. a peacock intoxicated with joy or passion, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a man, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] = next, [Nīlakaṇṭha]

4) [v.s. ...] n. a kind of metre, [Colebrooke]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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