Atikrama: 18 definitions


Atikrama means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Atikrama (अतिक्रम).—Passing over a word in the क्रमपाठ (kramapāṭha) without repeating it; passing beyond, cf. अतिक्रम्य परिग्रहः (atikramya parigrahaḥ) R. Pr. X.7, which means catching a word for repetition by coming back after passing over it, e. g. इन्द्राग्नी अपात् । इन्द्राग्नी इति इन्द्राग्नी । (indrāgnī apāt | indrāgnī iti indrāgnī |) or अनु दक्षि । दक्षि दावने (anu dakṣi | dakṣi dāvane) | दक्षीति दक्षि । (dakṣīti dakṣi |)

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Atikrama (अतिक्रम) or Samatikrama refers to “transcending (all attachments)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “How then, son of good family, does the Bodhisattva transcend all attachments (sarvasaṅga-samatikrama)? What is called ‘attachment’ means the manifestation of viewpoints on the dharmas. The Bodhisattva transcends all attachments since he is free from any manifestation of viewpoints. Just as the wind is not attached to the vault of the sky, so the Bodhisattva who is endowed with the wind-like thought is not attached to any living being”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Atikrama (अतिक्रम) refers to an “overflow (of the sea)”, according to the 2nd-century Meghasūtra (“Cloud Sutra”) in those passages which contain ritual instructions.—Accordingly, “He who desires a mighty rain must perform this rite ‘the great-cloud-circle’ in an open space, overspread by a blue canopy, shaded by a blue banner, on a clear spot of earth; [...] Even the sea may overflow (atikrama) its shore, but his auspicious word “Rain” fails not; nay, he must sustain himself on the three sweets, ghee, honey and sugar, and by rice, sugar, milk, etc., joined with all virtues of character, and repeat this; so it must needs be effectual, according to the word of the Lord of Speakers. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows

Atikrama (अतिक्रम) refers to “violation of vows” and represents one of the four “subsidiary dispositions which cause non observance of the vows” according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.23. What is meant by violation of the vows (atikrama)? It means developing deterioration of mental purity.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

atikrama (अतिक्रम).—m (S) atikramaṇa n (S) Passing over or beyond. 2 fig. Transgressing. 3 Passed or crossed state: and fig. transgressed or violated state. Ex. of comp. ājñātikrama, gurvatikrama, kālātikrama, dēśātikrama, mārgātikrama, maryādātikrama, nidrātikrama, bhōja- nātikrama.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

atikrama (अतिक्रम).—m-kramaṇa n Transgressing; passing over.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Atikrama (अतिक्रम).—

1) Act of overstepping, going beyond &c.

2) (a) Breach of decorum or duty; अहो अतिक्रमः (aho atikramaḥ) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 7. (b) Transgression, violation; उपचार° केवलमुपचारातिक्रमं प्रमार्ष्टुमस्माकमयमारम्भः (upacāra° kevalamupacārātikramaṃ pramārṣṭumasmākamayamārambhaḥ) M.4.5. (c) Trespass; disrespect, injury, opposition; ब्राह्मण° त्यागो भवतामेव भूतये (brāhmaṇa° tyāgo bhavatāmeva bhūtaye) Mv.2.1. refraining from all trespass against Brāhmaṇas; दिशत्यपायं हि सतामतिक्रमः (diśatyapāyaṃ hi satāmatikramaḥ) Kirātārjunīya 14.9; कुलान्यकुलतां यान्ति ब्राह्मणातिक्रमेण च (kulānyakulatāṃ yānti brāhmaṇātikrameṇa ca) Manusmṛti 3.63; एतस्मिन्नतिक्रमे परवतीयम् (etasminnatikrame paravatīyam) M.3; गुरुजनातिक्रमात् (gurujanātikramāt) K.16; शशिनो ज्येष्ठा- तिक्रमः (śaśino jyeṣṭhā- tikramaḥ) 56. transgression (passing through); मर्षणीयोऽयमा- रोहणातिक्रमः (marṣaṇīyo'yamā- rohaṇātikramaḥ) 81; वात्सल्यादतिक्रमोऽपि (vātsalyādatikramo'pi) Mv.1 violation (of due limits or propriety); Mv.4.25.

3) Lapse, passing away (of time); अनेकसंवत्सरातिक्रमेऽपि (anekasaṃvatsarātikrame'pi) Uttararāmacarita 4; वेला° मं कृत्वा आगतः (velā° maṃ kṛtvā āgataḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1; उचितवेलातिक्रमे (ucitavelātikrame) M.2; सन्ध्य° (sandhya°) Rām.

4) Overcoming, conquering, surpassing; mostly with दुर् (dur); स्वजातिर्दुरतिक्रमा, स्वभावो दुरतिक्रमः (svajātirduratikramā, svabhāvo duratikramaḥ) &c.

5) Neglect, omission, disregard; कामतो रेतसः सेकं व्रतस्थस्य द्विजन्मनः । अतिक्रमं व्रतस्याहुर्धर्मज्ञा ब्रह्मवादिनः (kāmato retasaḥ sekaṃ vratasthasya dvijanmanaḥ | atikramaṃ vratasyāhurdharmajñā brahmavādinaḥ) || Manusmṛti 11.12.

6) A vigorous attack, determined onset (= abhikrama q. v.).

7) Excess.

8) Abuse, misapplication.

9) Imposition.

Derivable forms: atikramaḥ (अतिक्रमः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atikrama (अतिक्रम).—m.

(-maḥ) 1. Going over or beyond, lit. or fig. 2. Surpassing, excelling. 3. Transgressing. 4. Contrariety, opposition. 5. Neglect, aversion, disregard. 6. Privation. 7. A groundless demand. 8. A gallant attack, advance of an army in front of an enemy. See atikrama E. ati over, beyond, and krama to go; going beyond duty or daring.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atikrama (अतिक्रम).—[ati-kram + a], m. Transgression (of time), [Pañcatantra] 5. 2. Violation, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 120. Offence. 4. Irreverence, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3,

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atikrama (अतिक्रम).—[masculine] going over, passing; transgression, disregard; mistake, blunder.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Atikrama (अतिक्रम):—[=ati-krama] [from ati-kram] m. passing over, overstepping

2) [v.s. ...] lapse (of time)

3) [v.s. ...] overcoming, surpassing, conquering

4) [v.s. ...] excess, imposition, transgression, violation

5) [v.s. ...] neglect

6) [v.s. ...] determined onset.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atikrama (अतिक्रम):—m.

(-maḥ) 1) Going over or beyond, lit. or fig.

2) Sur-passing, excelling, overcoming.

3) Transgressing.

4) Neglect, disregard, impropriety.

5) Contrariety, opposition.

6) A groundless demand, an imposition.

7) A gallant attack, advance of an army in front of an enemy. (See abhikrama.) E. kram with ati, kṛt aff. ac.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atikrama (अतिक्रम):—[ati-krama] (maḥ) 1. m. A transgressing; neglect; privation; attack.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Atikrama (अतिक्रम) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Aikkama.

[Sanskrit to German]

Atikrama in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Atikrama in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Atikrama (अतिक्रम) [Also spelled atikram]:—[[~kramaṇa]] (nm) infringement; contravention, violation; hence ~[krāṃta] (a), ~[krāmaka] (a).

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Atikrama (ಅತಿಕ್ರಮ):—

1) [noun] transgression of moral, social or legal rules.

2) [noun] an action, deed which is against the prevailing or established rules.

3) [noun] the behaviour of a person who transgresses.

4) [noun] act of entering unlawfully upon another’s land without authority.

5) [noun] act of disobeying; disobedience; wilful neglect of order.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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