Atidhriti, aka: Atidhṛti, Ātidhṛti; 5 Definition(s)


Atidhriti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Atidhṛti and Ātidhṛti can be transliterated into English as Atidhrti or Atidhriti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Atidhṛti (अतिधृति) refers to a class of rhythm-type (chandas) containing nineteen syllables in a pāda (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 15. There are twenty-six classes of chandas and out of them arise the various syllabic meters (vṛtta), composed of four pādas, defining the pattern of alternating light and heavy syllables.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Atidhriti in Vyakarana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Ātidhṛti (आतिधृति).—One of the varieties of Aticchandas consisting of 76 syllables. e. g. स हि शर्धो न मारुते तुविष्वाणिः (sa hi śardho na mārute tuviṣvāṇiḥ) Ṛk. Saṃh. I.127.6.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Atidhriti in Chandas glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Atidhṛti (अतिधृति) is one of the twenty-six varieties of Sanskrit metres (chandas) mentioned in the Chandaśśāstra 1.15-19. There are 26 Vedic metres starting with 1 to 26 letters in each pāda. It is a common belief that the classical metres are developed from these 26 metres. Generally a metre has a specific name according to it’s number of syllables (akṣara). But sometimes the same stanza is called by the name of another metre from the point of view of the pādas.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 5 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Chandas.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘seven’. Note: chandas is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as...
Surasa (सुरस).—mfn. (-saḥ-sā-saṃ) 1. Sweet. 2. Well-flavoured, sapid, juicy. 3. Elegant, (as a ...
Śārdūlavikrīḍita (शार्दूलविक्रीडित).—m. (-taḥ) A form of metre, a variety of the class Atidhrit...
Śārdūla (शार्दूल).—m. (-laḥ) 1. A tiger. 2. Another animal. 3. A Rakshasa. 4. A sort of bird. 5...
Meghavisphurjjita (मेघविस्फुर्ज्जित).—n. (-taṃ) 1. Thunder. 2. A species of the Atidhriti metre...

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