Atidhriti, Atidhṛti, Ātidhṛti: 8 definitions


Atidhriti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Atidhṛti and Ātidhṛti can be transliterated into English as Atidhrti or Atidhriti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Atidhṛti (अतिधृति) refers to a class of rhythm-type (chandas) containing nineteen syllables in a pāda (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 15. There are twenty-six classes of chandas and out of them arise the various syllabic meters (vṛtta), composed of four pādas, defining the pattern of alternating light and heavy syllables.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Ātidhṛti (आतिधृति).—One of the varieties of Aticchandas consisting of 76 syllables. e. g. स हि शर्धो न मारुते तुविष्वाणिः (sa hi śardho na mārute tuviṣvāṇiḥ) Ṛk. Saṃh. I.127.6.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[«previous (A) next»] — Atidhriti in Chandas glossary
Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Atidhṛti (अतिधृति) is one of the twenty-six varieties of Sanskrit metres (chandas) mentioned in the Chandaśśāstra 1.15-19. There are 26 Vedic metres starting with 1 to 26 letters in each pāda. It is a common belief that the classical metres are developed from these 26 metres. Generally a metre has a specific name according to it’s number of syllables (akṣara). But sometimes the same stanza is called by the name of another metre from the point of view of the pādas.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Atidhṛti.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘nineteen’. Note: atidhṛti is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Atidhriti in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Atidhṛti (अतिधृति).—f. [atikrāntā dhṛtiṃ aṣṭādaśākṣarapādāṃ vṛttim ekākṣarādhikyāt]

1) Name of a class of metres belonging to the अतिच्छन्दस् (aticchandas) group, consisting of 4 lines with 19 syllables in each (ṣaṭsaptatistvatidhṛtiḥ).

2) Nineteen.

Derivable forms: atidhṛtiḥ (अतिधृतिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atidhṛti (अतिधृति).—f.

(-tiḥ) A kind of metre, a stanza of four lines, with nineteen syllables in each line. E. ati and dhṛti another metre.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Atidhṛti (अतिधृति):—[=ati-dhṛti] f. Name of a class of metres (belonging to those called aticchandas, and consisting of four lines, each containing nineteen syllables)

2) [v.s. ...] (in [arithmetic]) nineteen.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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