Kalahamsa, aka: Kalahaṃsa, Kala-hamsa, Kalahaṃsā; 8 Definition(s)
Kalahamsa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Kalahaṃsa (कलहंस).—Sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭri and Garuḍa.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 457.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Kalahaṃsa (कलहंस).—The swans (haṃsa) in Mahā-kailāsa represent purified mind and hence they are known as kalahaṃsas. Kalahaṃsa means Brahman without any attributes or Nirguṇa Brahman.(Source): Manblunder: Saundaryalaharī
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)
1) Kalahaṃsā (कलहंसा) is the alternative name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) mentioned by Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Kalahaṃsā corresponds to Drutapadā, Mukhara. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.
2) Kalahaṃsā (कलहंसा) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (eg., Kalahaṃsā) in 20 verses.(Source): Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Kalahaṃsa (कलहंस) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.56) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kalahaṃsa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
Languages of India and abroad
kāḷahaṃsa : (m.) black swan.(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
kalahaṃsa (कलहंस).—m S A drake or a gander; or, according to some, a teal. 2 A name of Brahma.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
kalahaṃsa (कलहंस).—m A drake or a gander, a teal.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) a gander, a swan; वधूदुकूलं कलहंस- लक्षणम् (vadhūdukūlaṃ kalahaṃsa- lakṣaṇam) Ku.5.67.
2) a duck, drake; Bk.2.18; कलमन्य- भृतासु भाषितं कलहंसीषु मदालसं गतम् (kalamanya- bhṛtāsu bhāṣitaṃ kalahaṃsīṣu madālasaṃ gatam) R.8.59.
3) the supreme soul.
4) an excellent king.
Derivable forms: kalahaṃsaḥ (कलहंसः).
Kalahaṃsa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kala and haṃsa (हंस).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 6 books and stories containing Kalahamsa, Kalahaṃsa, Kala-hamsa or Kalahaṃsā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Hamsa Upanishad of Shukla-Yajurveda (by K. Narayanasvami Aiyar)
The Harsha-charita (by Bāṇabhaṭṭa)
The Markandeya Purana (by Frederick Eden Pargiter)
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
Śrī Kṛṣṇa-karṇāmṛtam (by Śrīla Bilvamaṅgala Ṭhākura)
The Natyashastra (by Bharata-muni)