Praharshini, Praharṣiṇī: 5 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Praharshini means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Praharṣiṇī can be transliterated into English as Praharsini or Praharshini, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)

Praharṣiṇī (प्रहर्षिणी) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) of the Vṛtta-type (akṣarachandas: metres regulated by akṣaras, syllabes).—The metre,Praharṣiṇῑ containing thirteen syllables in each and every quarter and the gaṇas are ma, na, ja and ra. This metre is found to be employed in the Śrīkaṇṭhacarita.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[«previous next»] — Praharshini in Chandas glossary
Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

1) Praharṣiṇī (प्रहर्षिणी) refers to one of the 27 metres mentioned in the Suvṛttatilaka ascribed to Kṣemendra (11th century). The Suvṛttatilaka is a monumental work of Sanskrit prosody considered as unique in its nature. In this work Kṣemendra neither introduces any new metre nor discusses all the metres used in his time. He discusses 27 popular metres (e.g., Praharṣiṇī) which were used frequently by the poets.

2) Praharṣiṇī (प्रहर्षिणी) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (e.g., Praharṣiṇī) in 20 verses.

3) Praharṣiṇī (प्रहर्षिणी) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., praharṣiṇī) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

4) Praharṣiṇī (प्रहर्षिणी) refers to one of the 34 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the Vṛttamaṇimañjūṣā, whose authorship could be traced (also see the “New Catalogus Catalogorum” XXXI. p. 7).

5) Praharṣiṇī (प्रहर्षिणी) refers to one of the seventy-two sama-varṇavṛtta (regular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 334th chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (e.g., the praharṣiṇī metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Praharshini in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Praharṣiṇī (प्रहर्षिणी).—

1) Turmeric.

2) Name of a metre; see App. म्नो ज्रौ गस्त्रिदशयतिः प्रहर्षणीयम् (mno jrau gastridaśayatiḥ praharṣaṇīyam) V. Ratna.

See also (synonyms): praharṣaṇī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praharṣiṇī (प्रहर्षिणी).—f. (-ṇī) A species of the Atijagati metre.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Praharṣiṇī (प्रहर्षिणी):—[=pra-harṣiṇī] [from pra-harṣin > pra-harṣa > pra-hṛṣ] f. (cf. ṣaṇī) turmeric, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] a kind of metre, [Śrutabodha]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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