Arcis, Arci, Arcin: 29 definitions

Introduction:

Arcis means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Archis.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Arcis (अर्चिस्).—Pṛthu and the Arcis were born from the arms of Vena. (Bhāgavata, 4th Skandha, Chapter 15). Pṛthn did tapas in forest and gave up his physical body in fire and attained Vaikuṇṭha (the abode of Viṣṇu) with the Arcis. (Bhāgavata, 4th Skandha). For details see Pṛthu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Arci (अर्चि).—The female child born from the arms of Vena, churned by the sages. An aṃśa of Lakṣmī, and a queen of Pṛthu.1 Follows Pṛthu to the forest and at his death performs sati, evoking praise from goddesses.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 15. 5-6.
  • 2) Ib. IV. 23. 19-28.

1b) Wife of Krśāśva and mother of Dhūmrakeśa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 20.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Arci (अर्चि) refers to “flames”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “[...] (The four sacred seats) have the aforementioned flames (arci) and the hosts of Siddhas. It is part of the (Sequences of) the Child, the Youth, and the Aged which are is located in the three pure (places—triśuddhi—the genitals, heart, and head) and are associated with the Triple Principle (of the Self, Vidyā, and Śiva, respectively)”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Arcin (अर्चिन्) refers to a “worshipper” (of Śiva), according to the Śivayogadīpikā by Sadāśivayogīśvara: a text dealing with Śaivism and Haṭhayoga in two hundred and eighty-nine verses.—Accordingly, while discussing the difference between Rājayoga and Śaivayoga: “Truly, Śiva’s yoga is not identical to Rājayoga. [This] is so said by worshippers (arcin) of Śiva [and] it is apparent to the [higher faculty of] discernment. The difference between the two is taught to those devoted to Śiva. Therefore, the yoga of Śiva is understood only by [those] wise men. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Arcis (अर्चिस्) refers to “rays”, according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly: “[...] Every circle has its own sealing. The Yoginīs’ [sealing] is the Lord, no other sealing; [he is] powerful. And he should visualize the gnosis-meditation-beings in all circles. Here, a multitude of rays (arci-vṛnda) appears; [by means of the rays] he should draw the gnosis circle. [Its details are] to be known from [your] teacher’s instruction. [It is to be performed] with the letters jaḥ hūṃ vaṃ hoḥ. Then, various heroes and Yoginīs perform offering to the leader. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Arcis (अर्चिस्) refers to a species of Anudiśa gods, according to Jain cosmological texts in the Digambara tradition where the Anudiśa heaven is one of the five heavens of the upper world (ūrdhvaloka).

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)

Arci (अर्चि) is one of the nine anudiśas: a subclasses of kalpātītas (born beyond heaven), itself a division of empyrean celestial beings (vaimānika) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.19. The living beings residing in the vimānas are called the empyrean gods (vaimānika) and represents one of the four classes of Devas.

The nava-anudiśas (e.g., Arci) are called so because they have nine heavenly abodes one in each of the eight directions. Which thought-colourations are there in Graivaiyaka, Anudiśa and Anuttara gods? They have pure white thought-colouration.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Arci (अर्चि).—f. [arc-ina] Ray, flame (of fire or of the morning twilight); आसीदासन्ननिर्वाणः प्रदीपार्चिरिवोषसि (āsīdāsannanirvāṇaḥ pradīpārcirivoṣasi) R.12.1; नैशस्यार्चिर्हुतभुज इव च्छिन्नभूयिष्ठधूमा (naiśasyārcirhutabhuja iva cchinnabhūyiṣṭhadhūmā) V.1.9.

Derivable forms: arciḥ (अर्चिः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Arcin (अर्चिन्).—a.

1) Praising, honouring, worshipping.

2) Shining as a ray of light, radiating; स माया अर्चिना पदा (sa māyā arcinā padā) Ṛgveda 8.41.8. m. (-rcī) A ray of light.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Arcis (अर्चिस्).—n. (-rciḥ) [अर्च्-इसि (arc-isi) Uṇādi-sūtra 2.17]

1) A ray of light, flame; यत्ते पवित्रमर्चिष्यग्ने विततमन्तरा (yatte pavitramarciṣyagne vitatamantarā) Ṛgveda 9.67.23; प्रदक्षिणार्चिर्हविरग्निराददे (pradakṣiṇārcirhaviragnirādade) R.3.14.

2) Light, lustre; प्रशमादर्चिषाम् (praśamādarciṣām) Kumārasambhava 2.2; Ratnāvalī 4.16. (said to be also f.) f. Name of the wife of कृशाश्व (kṛśāśva) and mother of धूमकेतु (dhūmaketu). m.

1) A ray of light.

2) Fire. अर्चिर्मयूखशिखयोः (arcirmayūkhaśikhayoḥ) ......Nm.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arci (अर्चि).—f.

(-rciḥ) Flame. E. arca to worship, in aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arcis (अर्चिस्).—m.

(-rciḥ) 1. Flame. 2. A ray of light. 3. Light, luster. E. arca to worship, and isi Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arci (अर्चि).—[arc + i], m. Flame, Chr. 288, 13 = [Rigveda.] i. 48, 13; [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 12, 11.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arcis (अर्चिस्).—[arc + is], f. and n. 1. A ray of light, Chr. 294, 5 = [Rigveda.] i. 92, 5. 2. Flame, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 75, 6; 6, 36, 117.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arci (अर्चि).—[masculine] beam, flame; p. arcimant & arcivant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arcis (अर्चिस्).—[neuter] (later also [feminine]) beam, flame.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Arci (अर्चि):—[from arc] m. (chiefly [Vedic or Veda]) ray, flame, [Ṛg-veda] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] (for aṃśa) Name of one of the twelve Ādityas [commentator or commentary] on [???]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Arcin (अर्चिन्):—[from arc] mfn. (said of Varuṇa’s foot) shining, [Ṛg-veda viii, 41, 8]

2) [v.s. ...] = arcatri q.v., [Ṛg-veda ii, 34, 1 and v, 45, 1] Name of a man.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Arcis (अर्चिस्):—[from arc] n. ray of light, flame, light, lustre, [Ṛg-veda] (once. [plural] arcīnṣi, [Ṛg-veda vii, 62,1]), [Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] f. idem, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa ii; Upaniṣad] etc., (is), Name of the wife of Kṛśāśva and mother of Dhūmaketu, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arci (अर्चि):—(ciḥ) 2. f. Flame.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arcis (अर्चिस्):—(ciḥ) 2. m. Flame, light.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Arcis (अर्चिस्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Acci.

[Sanskrit to German]

Arcis in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Arci (ಅರ್ಚಿ):—

1) [noun] a mass or stream of vapour or gas in a state of combustion, seen as a flickering light of various colours; flame.

2) [noun] brightness; radiance; brilliance; lustre.

3) [noun] a ray of light.

--- OR ---

Arci (ಅರ್ಚಿ):—[noun] (dial.) an eye disease in which the crystalline lens or its capsule becomes opaque, causing partial or total blindness; cataract.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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