Vyapya, Vyāpya: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Vyapya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Vyāpya (व्याप्य).—lit. that which is occupied; the word refers to a kind of an object where the object is occupied by the verbal activity of the transitive root; the word आप्य (āpya) is also used in this sense; cf. कर्म निर्वर्त्ये विकार्यं प्राप्यं च यस्य प्रकृत्युच्छेदो गुणान्तरं वोत्पद्यते तद्विकार्यम् (karma nirvartye vikāryaṃ prāpyaṃ ca yasya prakṛtyucchedo guṇāntaraṃ votpadyate tadvikāryam) Srinagara-Prakasa 2. The term is used as a technical term instead of the term कर्म (karma) in the Hemacandra, Candra and other systems of grammar; cf. Hem. II.2.3; Candra I.1.23.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Vyāpya (व्याप्य) refers to “having spread”, according to the Netratantroddyota commentary on the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 4.3cd-4ab]—“[...] This means, he should contemplate each of these paths [that has to be purified]. After [he] makes it the principle [path of worship he becomes the] pervader, [i.e., that which permeates the others] with the form of [potential or manifest] explicitness in the remaining five paths. Included within [the path], as it has spread (vyāpya), is the form of potential. As has been said in the Svacchanda-tantra, ‘[he should] visualize the adhvans as pervaded by [the others and the others] pervaded by it’”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Vyāpya (व्याप्य) refers to “having permeated” (the self), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Having assented to your own births in the forest of life, the pain you have been suffering previously for a long time by roaming about on the path of bad conduct subject to wrong faith is [like] an external fire. Now, having entered [com.vyāpya—‘having permeated’] the self which is cherishing the end of all restlessness, wise, solitary, supreme [and] self-abiding, may you behold the beautiful face of liberation. [Thus ends the reflection on] difference [between the body and the self]”.

Synonyms: Pravigāhya.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Vyapya in India is the name of a plant defined with Saussurea costus in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Aplotaxis lappa Decaisne (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Archives de Botanique (1833)
· CIS Chromosome Inform. Serv. (1993)
· Fl. Yunnan. (2003)
· Revisio Generum Plantarum (1891)
· Transactions of the Linnean Society of (1845)
· Compositae Indicae (1876)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Vyapya, for example side effects, extract dosage, chemical composition, health benefits, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vyāpya (व्याप्य).—a S That is to be or that is overspread, pervaded, occupied throughout: also that is to be or that is comprehended, comprised, included, implied. 2 In logic. That is the subject of inference.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vyāpya (व्याप्य).—a. To be pervaded, filled, &c.

-vyam The sign or middle term of a syllogism (= hetu, sādhana q. v.) (in logic).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyāpya (व्याप्य).—mfn.

(-pyaḥ-pyā-pyaṃ) 1. Permeable, penetrable. 2. Capable of containing any inherent property. n.

(-pyaṃ) 1. An instrument or agent. 2. The thing or substance which may be the site or subject of attributes or inherent properties. 3. The subject of an inference, as fire inferred from the presence of smoke, &c. 4. A drug, (Costus speciosus.) E. vi before āp to pervade, aff. ṇyat .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyāpya (व्याप्य).—[adjective] that wherein something is contained or inherent; [abstract] tva [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vyāpya (व्याप्य):—[=vy-āpya] [from vy-āp] mfn. permeable, penetrable, capable of being attended by any inherent characteristic, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Kapila [Scholiast or Commentator]; Tarkasaṃgraha]

2) [v.s. ...] n. that which may be the site or locality of universal pervasion or of an invariably concomitant cause or characteristic (e.g. ‘smoke which is invariably pervaded by fire’), [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 62]

3) [v.s. ...] the sign or middle term of an inference, proof, reason, cause (= sādhana, hetu), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Costus Speciosus or Arabicus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vyāpya (व्याप्य):—[vyā+pya] (pyaḥ-pyā-pyaṃ) n. An instrument or agent; seat of an inherent element; element or cause as seen in its effect; a drug. a. Permeable.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vyapya in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vyāpya (व्याप्य):—(a) pervasive, permeable.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vyāpya (ವ್ಯಾಪ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] that is fit to be or capable of being, spread.

2) [noun] the Supreme Being, who is omnipresent.

3) [noun] (phil.) the fact of interrelation or mutual connection between two things being or becoming apparent or conspicuous.

4) [noun] the quality or fact of being inclusive; inclusiveness.

5) [noun] the plant Costus speciosus of Zingiberaceae family.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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