Ar, Ār: 3 definitions


Ar means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Ar (अर्).—A technical term for Ārdhadhātuka affixes in the Mugdhabodha grammar.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Ār (आर्).—The significance of the number six among the ancients, is given below. (In Malayālam Ār means six). Six factors which reduce the span of life. Eating dry meat, Drinking curd at night, Sleeping at dawn, Drinking impure water, Exposure to sun’s heat in the morning, Inhaling fumes from dead body. Six divine qualities. Omniscience, Omnipresence, Omnipotence, Sarvakāraṇatva (being the cause of everything); Sarvanityatva (immortality) and Sarveśvaratva (having domination over everything). Six noblest qualities. Truth, Wisdom, Mercy, Justice, fortitude in grief, control of anger. Six Ṛsi Dharmas (Duties of Sages). Brahmacarya, Absolute truth, Japa, Jñāna (wisdom), Niyama, Sense of Justice. Six qualities of noble wives. A minister in business, a servant-maid in action, the goddess Lakṣmī in appearance, the Earth in patience, a mother in love and a prostitute in bed. Six qualities of a bad wife. Habit of dispute, stealing of money, showing favour to strangers, scandal-mongering, taking food earlier than the husband, spending most of the time in other houses. Six Vedāṅgas. Śikṣā, Kalpa, Vyākaraṇa, Nirukta, Jyotiṣa, Chandas. (See full article at Story of Ār from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ār (आर्).—āryati praise.

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Ar (अर्).—put in, insert, get, procure, reach, fall into ([accusative]), afflict, distress.

Ar is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ā and (ऋ).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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