Amarsha, Amarṣa, Āmarṣa, Āmarśa: 8 definitions

Introduction

Amarsha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Amarṣa and Āmarṣa and Āmarśa can be transliterated into English as Amarsa or Amarsha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Amarṣa (अमर्ष, “indignation”).—One of the thirty-three ‘transitory states’ (vyabhicāribhāva), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘transitory states’ accompany the ‘permanent state’ in co-operation. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.8-9)

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Amarṣa (अमर्ष, “indignation”) is caused to persons abused or insulted by those having superior learning, wealth or power, It is to be represented on the stage by consequents (anubhāva) such as shaking the head, perspiration, thinking and reflecting with a downcast face, determination, looking for ways and means and allies, and the like.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Amarṣa (अमर्ष).—The son of Susandhi and father of Sahasvān.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 111.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Amarṣa (अमर्ष).—a. Not enduring or bearing.

-rṣaḥ 1 Nonendurance, tolerance, impatience; अमर्षप्रभवो रोषः सफलो मे भविष्यति (amarṣaprabhavo roṣaḥ saphalo me bhaviṣyati) Rām.5.62.33. अमर्षशून्येन जनस्य जन्तुना न जातहार्देन न विद्विषादरः (amarṣaśūnyena janasya jantunā na jātahārdena na vidviṣādaraḥ) Ki.1.33; jealousy, jealous anger; किं नु भवतस्तातप्रतापोत्कर्षेऽप्यमर्षः (kiṃ nu bhavatastātapratāpotkarṣe'pyamarṣaḥ) U.5. In Rhet. अमर्ष (amarṣa) is one of the 33 minor feelings or व्यभिचारिभाव (vyabhicāribhāva). See S. D.; R. G. thus defines it : परकृतावज्ञादिनानापराध- जन्यो मौनवाक्पारुष्यादिकारणभूतश्चित्तवृत्तिविशेषोऽमर्षः (parakṛtāvajñādinānāparādha- janyo maunavākpāruṣyādikāraṇabhūtaścittavṛttiviśeṣo'marṣaḥ).

2) Anger, passion, wrath; पुत्रवधामर्षोद्दीपितेन गाण्डीविना (putravadhāmarṣoddīpitena gāṇḍīvinā) Ve.2; हर्षामर्ष- भयोद्वेगैः (harṣāmarṣa- bhayodvegaiḥ) Bg.12.15. सामर्ष (sāmarṣa) angry, indignant; सामर्षम् (sāmarṣam) angrily.

3) Impetuosity, violence.

4) Determination of purpose.

-rṣā Intolerance; यत्र सङ्गीतसन्नादैर्नदद्गुहममर्षया (yatra saṅgītasannādairnadadguhamamarṣayā) Bhāg.8.2.6.

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Āmarṣa (आमर्ष).—Anger, wrath, impatience; see अमर्ष (amarṣa).

Derivable forms: āmarṣaḥ (आमर्षः).

See also (synonyms): āmarṣaṇa.

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Āmarśa (आमर्श).—

1) Touching, close contact.

2) Rubbing, wiping.

3) Counsel, advice.

4) Disposition of the mind (manovṛtti); विद्वान्स्वप्न इवामर्शसाक्षिणं विररामह (vidvānsvapna ivāmarśasākṣiṇaṃ virarāmaha) Bhāg.4.28.4.

Derivable forms: āmarśaḥ (आमर्शः).

See also (synonyms): āmarśana.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Amarṣa (अमर्ष).—m.

(-rṣaḥ) 1. Anger, passion. 2. Impatience, impetuosity. E. a neg. mṛṣa to bear with, ghañ aff.

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Āmarśa (आमर्श).—m.

(-rśaḥ) Advice, counsel. E. āṅ before mṛś to advice, affix ghañ.

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Āmarṣa (आमर्ष).—m.

(-rṣaḥ) 1. Wrath or rage. 2. Impatience. E. a before mṛṣa to bear, affix ghañ, the prefix made long: also amarṣa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āmarṣa (आमर्ष).—[āmarṣa = a-marṣa] in nis -āmarṣa, = nis-amarṣa, Devoid of energy, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 10, 14 Gorr.

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Amarṣa (अमर्ष).—m. 1. impatience, inability to endure, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 134, 1; indignation, [Johnson's Selections from the Mahābhārata.] 5, 27. 2. passion, wrath, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 100, 3.

Amarṣa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms a and marṣa (मर्ष).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Amarṣa (अमर्ष):—[=a-marṣa] m. (√mṛṣ), non-endurance, [Pāṇini 3-3, 145]

2) [v.s. ...] impatience, indignation, anger, passion, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a prince, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

4) Āmarśa (आमर्श):—[=ā-marśa] a See ā-√mṛś.

5) Āmarṣa (आमर्ष):—m. (for a-marṣa q.v., [Tārānātha tarkavācaspati’s Vācaspatyam, Sanskrit dictionary], with reference to, [Pāṇini 6-3, 137]), impatience, anger, wrath, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Āmarśa (आमर्श):—[=ā-marśa] [from ā-mṛś] b m. touching, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] contact

8) [v.s. ...] nearness, similarity, [Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra ii, 2, 13, 32.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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