Akranda, aka: Ākranda; 3 Definition(s)


Akranda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Ākranda refers to “a rearward friend” and represents one of the twelve categories of the maṇḍala system laid out by Kauṭilya (4th century BCE) and Kāmandaka (7th century A.D.). These twelve cateogires of state can be broadly applied to Gaṇapatideva  (r. 1199-1262 A.D.) and the Kākatīya empire.—The Sēuṇas were the rearward friends. Since the beginning of Gaṇapatideva's reign, friendly relations were existed.

Source: Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times (artha)
Arthashastra book cover
context information

Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ākranda (आक्रन्द).—

1) Weeping, crying out; किं क्रन्दसि दुराक्रन्द (kiṃ krandasi durākranda) Pt.4.29.

2) Calling, invoking, calling out to; आक्रन्दे चाप्यपैहीति न दण्डं मनुरब्रवीत् (ākrande cāpyapaihīti na daṇḍaṃ manurabravīt) Ms.8.292.

3) Sound, warcry, a cry (in general); आक्रन्द उदभूत्तत्र (ākranda udabhūttatra) Ks.1.94.

4) A friend, defender; दष्टमेवमनाक्रन्दे भद्रे काममहाहिना (daṣṭamevamanākrande bhadre kāmamahāhinā) Mb. 1.172.9.

5) A brother.

6) A fierce or violent combat, war, battle.

7) A place of crying.

8) A king who prevents an ally from aiding another; a king whose kingdom lies next but one. पार्ष्णिग्राहं च संप्रेक्ष्य तथाक्रन्द्रं च मण्डले (pārṣṇigrāhaṃ ca saṃprekṣya tathākrandraṃ ca maṇḍale) Ms.7.27 (see Kull. thereon). cf. also Kau. A.6.2. cf... आक्रन्दो दारुणे रणे । आरावे रोदने त्रातरि (ākrando dāruṇe raṇe | ārāve rodane trātari) ... ()| Nm. मित्रमाक्रन्दाभ्यां वा व्यापादयितुकामः (mitramākrandābhyāṃ vā vyāpādayitukāmaḥ) Kau. A.1.16.

Derivable forms: ākrandaḥ (आक्रन्दः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ākranda (आक्रन्द).—mfn.

(-ndaḥ-ndā-ndaṃ) Who checks or restrains. m.

(-ndaḥ) 1. Crying, crying out. 2. Calling. 3. Weeping, sobbing. 4. Sound. 5. Violence. 6. Furious or violent combat. 7. A friend. 8. A brother. 9. A king, a lord. 10. A usurper. 11. A king who prevents an ally from aiding another. E. āṅ, kranda to cry, to sound, &c. ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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