Bhumika, Bhūmikā, Bhūmika: 16 definitions
Bhumika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Mīmāṃsā (school of philosophy)Source: Srimatham: Mīmāṃsa: The Study of Hindu Exegesis
Bhūmika (भूमिक) refers to “one’s level of development” and is one of the six factors through which positive ethical precepts (regarding Dharma) are conditioned. The discerning student is required to distinguish between grades of vidhi or to compare their levels of authority or applicability. The primary distinction is derived from their motivation and goals, thus producing the concepts of puruṣārtha and kratvārtha.
Mimamsa (मीमांसा, mīmāṃsā) refers to one of the six orthodox Hindu schools of philosophy, emphasizing the nature of dharma and the philosophy of language. The literature in this school is also known for its in-depth study of ritual actions and social duties.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Bhūmikā (भूमिका) refers to “role of an actor” according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35. Accordingly, Bhūmikā refers to “the distribution of roles in a play or of the kinds of men by which different roles are to be represented”. Also, “After considering together their gait, speech and movement of limbs as well as their strength and nature, the experts are to employ actors to represent different roles in a play”.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Bhūmikā (भूमिका) refers to the “plane” (or state), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—[...] The term Nirvāṇakalā/—śakti is unknown to the Kubjikā Tantras, but the goddess, as the Divine Yoni, is identified with the plane or state (bhūmikā) of Nirvāṇa. As Śāmbhavī, she is the Plane of Knowledge (jñāna-bhūmikā) which is Nirvāṇa and Supreme Nectar. At the same time she is also the radiant energy (tejomayī) that issues from Nirvāṇa, the Supreme Principle and bestows its bliss. [...]
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
bhūmikā (भूमिका).—f S The earth. 2 Theatrical dress; the costume of a character represented on the stage. 3 Place (of action); stage, theatre, arena. Ex. āpaṇa hyā karmabhūmikēnta āhōṃ tōmparyanta sarva karma kēlēṃ pāhijē. 4 Ground, footing, place of standing or resting.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
bhūmikā (भूमिका).—f The earth. Theatrical dress; the part played; stage.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Earth, ground, soil.
2) A place, region, spot (of ground).
3) A story, floor (of a house); गृहोपरि° (gṛhopari°) the flat roof of a house.
4) Step, degree; मधु- मतीसंज्ञां भूमिकां साक्षात्कुर्वतः (madhu- matīsaṃjñāṃ bhūmikāṃ sākṣātkurvataḥ) Yoga. S.; or नैयायिकादिभिरात्मा प्रथमभूमिकायामवतारितः (naiyāyikādibhirātmā prathamabhūmikāyāmavatāritaḥ) Sāṅkhyapravachanabhāṣya.
5) A tablet or board, as for writing; see अक्षरभूमिका (akṣarabhūmikā).
6) A part or character in a play; या यस्य युज्यते भूमिका तां खलु तथैव भावेन सर्वे वर्ग्या पाठिताः (yā yasya yujyate bhūmikā tāṃ khalu tathaiva bhāvena sarve vargyā pāṭhitāḥ); कामन्दक्याः प्रथमां भूमिकां भाव एवाधीते (kāmandakyāḥ prathamāṃ bhūmikāṃ bhāva evādhīte) Māl.1; or लक्ष्मीभूमिकायां वर्तमानोर्वशी वारुणीभूमिकायां वर्तमानया मेनकया पृष्टा (lakṣmībhūmikāyāṃ vartamānorvaśī vāruṇībhūmikāyāṃ vartamānayā menakayā pṛṣṭā) V.3; Śi.1.69; (anyarūpairyadanyasya praveśaḥ sa tu bhūmikā Bharata).
7) Theatrical dress, an actor's costume.
8) Decoration (as of an image).
9) A preface or introduction to a book.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Bhūmika (भूमिक).—(-bhūmika), ifc. (bhūmi 4 plus -ka), belonging to… stage, of Bodhisattvas, in eka-°kāḥ, dvi-°kāḥ, etc., down to daśa-°kāḥ: Kāraṇḍavvūha 64.10 ff.; (also in other mgs. of bhūmi, e.g.) kuto-bhūmikas tvaṃ Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya iii.143.10, from what country are you?Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-kā) 1. Theatrical dress, the costume of any character, represented on the stage. 2. Decorating images, temples, gateways, &c. 3. A board for writing. 4. A preface, an introduction. 5. A floor. 6. A place. 7. A step, a degree. 8. Earth, soil. E. bhūmi place of being, and kan aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Bhūmikā (भूमिका).—[bhūmi + kā], f. 1. Change-of costume in order to represent a different character on the stage. 2. Decorating images, temples, gateways, etc. 3. A story; grihoparibhūmikāyām āruḍhaḥ, He mounted to the upper story of the house, Śukas. cod. Petersb. p. 31, b. 4. A preface to a book.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Bhūmikā (भूमिका).—[feminine] the earth, ground, place for (—°); floor or story of a house, step, degree ([figuratively]), part, character, costume ([drama]).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Bhūmikā (भूमिका):—[from bhū] f. earth, ground, soil, [Kāśikā-vṛtti; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) a spot, place for (e.g. āhāra-bh, an eating-place, [Kathāsaritsāgara]; akṣara-bh, a place id est. a tablet for writing, [Raghuvaṃśa])
3) [v.s. ...] a story, floor, [Inscriptions; Pañcatantra] (with gṛhopari, the flat roof of a house, [Śukasaptati])
4) [v.s. ...] a step, degree, [Yoga-sūtra]
5) [v.s. ...] (in [dramatic language]) an actor’s part or character, [Vikramorvaśī; Mālatīmādhava] etc.
6) [v.s. ...] decoration (as of an image), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
7) [v.s. ...] preface, introduction, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad [Scholiast or Commentator]; Kāvyādarśa]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Bhūmikā (भूमिका):—(kā) 1. f. Theatrical dress; decorating images, &c.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Bhūmikā (भूमिका) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Bhūmiā.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Bhūmikā (भूमिका):—(nf) introduction; ground-work; background; role; -[bāṃdhanā] to prepare the background.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Ends with (+5): Aksharabhumika, Alabdhabhumika, Baddhabhumika, Bahibhumika, Bahubhumika, Catubhumika, Caturbhumika, Dashabhumika, Dvi-bhumika, Ekabhumika, Janmabhumika, Jnanabhumika, Kishkindipandubhumika, Krishnabhumika, Madhubhumika, Mahabhumika, Manibhumika, Prasarabhumika, Saptabhumika, Sihnabhumika.
Full-text (+34): Saptabhumika, Madhubhumika, Bhumikabhaga, Saptabhumikavicara, Svarnabhumika, Dvi-bhumika, Bhumi, Dhumaka, Bhumikagata, Ekabhumika, Sihnabhumika, Janmabhumi, Krishnabhumika, Bahubhauma, Bhumia, Catubhumika, Dashabhumika, Subhumika, Mahabhumika, Alabdhabhumikatva.
Search found 9 books and stories containing Bhumika, Bhūmikā, Bhūmika; (plurals include: Bhumikas, Bhūmikās, Bhūmikas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Cidgaganacandrika (study) (by S. Mahalakshmi)
Shakti and Shakta (by John Woodroffe)
Chapter XII - Alleged conflict of Śāstras < [Section 1 - Introductory]
Chapter XXVIII - Matam Rutra (the Right and Wrong Interpretation) < [Section 3 - Ritual]
Dasarupaka (critical study) (by Anuru Ranjan Mishra)
Part 1 - Vararuci—The author and the date of the play (Ubhayābhisārikā) < [Chapter 2 - Bhāṇa (critical study)]
Laghu-yoga-vasistha (by K. Narayanasvami Aiyar)
Part 9 - The Conclusion of this Prakaraṇa < [Chapter III - Utpatti-prakaraṇa]
Part 13 - The Story of Ikṣvāku < [Chapter VI - Nirvāṇa-prakaraṇa]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 2 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Yoga Vasistha [English], Volume 1-4 (by Vihari-Lala Mitra)
Chapter CXVIII - Directions to the stages of knowledge < [Book III - Utpatti khanda (utpatti khanda)]
Chapter I - Causes of bondage to it < [Book III - Utpatti khanda (utpatti khanda)]
Chapter XXIX - Bali’s resuscitation to sensibility < [Book V - Upasama khanda (upashama khanda)]