Samatya, Sāmātya, Sa-amatya: 6 definitions


Samatya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sāmātya (सामात्य) refers to “(traveling) with one’s ministers”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.23 (“Attempt of Himavat to dissuade Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “O excellent sage, while Pārvatī was engaged in penance thus for attaining Śiva, a long time elapsed but Śiva did not appear. Then Himavat came there along with his wife , sons and ministers [i.e., sāmātyasasutāmātya] and spoke to Pārvatī, who had resolved to continue her penance”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Sāmātya (सामात्य) means “along with the chief ministers”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [after the Bhagavān taught the great heart-dhāraṇī], “[...] O Serpent chiefs, merely upon calling to mind, all Nāga rulers along with their sons, wives, chief ministers (sāmātya) and retinues [shall ward off] venomous snakes, cold spells, clouds, winds and clouds entirely by the authorization of the Tathāgata’s word, with the empowerment of the vow of the Tathāgatas. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sāmātya (सामात्य).—adj. with the ministers, Chr. 18, 33. Sa-janāmātya, i. e. -jana -amātya, adj. together with people and ministers, Chr. 53, 25.

Sāmātya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sa and amātya (अमात्य).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sāmātya (सामात्य).—[adjective] along with the relatives or ministers.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sāmātya (सामात्य):—mfn. together with the inmates of the same house, [Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra]

2) accompanied by ministers or counsellors, [Mahābhārata]

[Sanskrit to German]

Samatya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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