Am, Aṃ, Ām: 8 definitions


Am means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Aṃ (अं).—(ं) nasal utterance called अनुस्वार (anusvāra) and written as a dot above the vowel preceding it. cf. स्वरमनु संलीनं शब्द्यते इति (svaramanu saṃlīnaṃ śabdyate iti); it is pronounced after a vowel as immersed in it. The anusvāra is considered (l) as only a nasalization of the preceding vowel being in a way completely amalgamated with it. cf. T. Pr. V. 11,31; XV. 1; XXII. 14 ; (2) as a nasal addition to the preceding vowel, many times prescribed in grammar as nuṭ (नुट् (nuṭ)) or num (नुम् (num)) which is changed into anusvāra in which case it is looked upon as a sort of a vowel, while, it is looked upon as a consonant when it is changed into a cognate of the following consonant (परसवर्ण (parasavarṇa)) or retained as n (न् (n)). cf. P. VIII.4.58; (3) as a kind cf consonant of the type of nasalized half g(ग् (g)) as described in some treatises of the Yajurveda Prātiśākhya: cf also R. Pr.1.22 V.Pr.14.148-9. The vowel element of the anusvāra became more prevalent later on in Pali, Prkrit, Apabhraṃśa and in the spoken modern languages while the consonantal element became more predominant in classical Sanskrit.

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Āṃ (आं).—Indeclinable आ (ā) pronounccd nasalized, e. g. अभ्र आँ अपः (abhra āṃ apaḥ) M. Bh. I.3.2.

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1) Ām (आम्).—Augment आ (ā) prescribed in connection with the words चतुर् (catur) and अनडुह् (anaḍuh) before the case-affixes called सर्वनामस्थान (sarvanāmasthāna); cf. चतुरनडुहोराम् उदात्तः (caturanaḍuhorām udāttaḥ) P.VII.1.98;

2) Ām.—The affix आम् (ām) added before लिट् (liṭ) or a perfect termination by rules कास्प्रत्ययादाम् अमन्त्रे लिटि (kāspratyayādām amantre liṭi) and the following (P. III 1.35-39), as for instance, in कासांचक्रे, ऊहांचक्रे, दयांचक्रे, जागरांचकार, विभयांचकार (kāsāṃcakre, ūhāṃcakre, dayāṃcakre, jāgarāṃcakāra, vibhayāṃcakāra) etc.;

3) Ām.—Geni. pl. caseaffix आम् (ām) as in दृषदाम्, शरदाम् (dṛṣadām, śaradām), with न् (n) prefixed in रामाणाम् (rāmāṇām) etc., and with स् (s) prefixed in सर्र्वेषाम् (sarrveṣām) etc.;

4) Ām.—loc. sing. case-affix आम् (ām) substituted for इ (i) (ङि (ṅi)); cf. ङेराम् नद्याम्नीभ्यः (ṅerām nadyāmnībhyaḥ) P.VI.4.116.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aṃ (अं).—An interjection expressing contempt, indifference, unconcern; also disbelief or incredulity; umph!

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āṃ (आं).—A particle of inquiry. Used when an observation &c. made is but indistinctly heard; eh?

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

āṃ (आं).—A particle of inquiry; eh?

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Am (अम्).—ind.

1) Quickly.

2) A little. cf. also अं सुखं कश्मलं दुःखं पूर्णं दूरं गतं वरम् (aṃ sukhaṃ kaśmalaṃ duḥkhaṃ pūrṇaṃ dūraṃ gataṃ varam) Enm.

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Ām (आम्).—ind. An interjection of (a) assent, acceptance, 'oh', 'yes'; आं कुर्मः (āṃ kurmaḥ) M.1; (b) recollection; आं तस्मि- न्नुर्वश्या वचनं स्खलितमासीत् (āṃ tasmi- nnurvaśyā vacanaṃ skhalitamāsīt) V.3; आं ज्ञातम् (āṃ jñātam) Ś.3, Oh, I See it now; M.3; (c) determination, 'surely', 'verily', आं चिरस्य खलु प्रतिबुंद्धोऽस्मि (āṃ cirasya khalu pratibuṃddho'smi); (d) reply.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Am (अम्).—[ama] r. 1st cl. (amati) 1. To go, to go to or towards. 2. To serve or honour. 3. To sound. 10th cl. (āmayati) To afflict with sickness or pain from disease.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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