Alatacakra, Alātacakra, Alata-cakra: 5 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Alatacakra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Alatachakra.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Alatacakra in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Ālātacakra (आलातचक्र) or simply Ālāta refers to a “whirling firebrand” according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] (2) Above it is the Self—supported (svādhiṣṭhāna), (brilliant) as a whirling firebrand [i.e., ālātacakra-sannibha]. There, in the middle, is the one called the living being (jīva). One should think that it is as (nourishing) like nectar. [...] (Perfect) contemplation (samādhi) is with (these) sixteen aspects and is (attained) within the form of the sixfold deposition (ṣoḍhānyāsa). He who knows this is (a veritable) Lord of Yogis, the others (who do not) are (just) quoting from books. Once attained the plane that is Void and Non-void, the yogi is freed from bondage”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Alatacakra in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Alātacakra (अलातचक्र) refers to a “burning brand brandished in a circle” and represents one of the various types of upamāna (comparisons). Cf. Nirmāṇa, and the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XI).—The great Madhyamaka masters, Nāgārjuna, Deva, Candrakīrti, Śāntideva, explain the ten comparisons (upamāna) in detail: māyā, marīci, udakacandra and ambucandra, ākāśapuṣpa and khapuṣpa, pratiśrutkā, gandharvanagara, svapna, bimba and pratibimba, nirmāṇa, alātacakra, taimirika (a person suffering from ophthalmia).

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Alatacakra in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

alātacakra (अलातचक्र).—n S A circling firebrand; a wheel of fire. Ex. jaisēṃ a0 phirē || taisā hanumanta asurānta vāvarē ||

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Alatacakra in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Alātacakra (अलातचक्र).—nt. (= Sanskrit, [Boehtlingk] 7.310, wheel of fire, of a firebrand whirled in the air), used as symbol of some- thing transitory and illusory (so Pali °cakka, Critical Pali Dictionary); Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 9.3 (verse; separate alātacakra = °kraṃ from dhūmo); Mahāvyutpatti 2832; Mūla-madhyamaka-kārikā 173.3; as symbol of restless, unceasing motion, Lalitavistara 205.13 °kra-samārūḍhasya (lokasya), of per- sons living in the saṃsāra.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Alatacakra in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Alātacakra (ಅಲಾತಚಕ್ರ):—[noun] the apparent circle formed by turning a fire brand fast.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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